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Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

John McWhorter

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Foreigners often say that the English language is “easy”. A language like Spanish is challenging in its variety of verb endings and gender for nouns, whereas English is more straightforward. But ... More


Local Vocals: Hawai’i’s Pidgin Literature, Performance, and Postcoloniality

Susan M. Schultz

in Close Listening: Poetry and the Performed Word

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195109924
eISBN:
9780199855261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109924.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

To write in pidgin is to write in a language that has no standardized orthography. In the same way reading pidgin can be difficult even for native speakers who are unaccustomed to seeing pidgin words ... More


A New Typology of Language Contact

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reiterates the qualitative differences in overall structural complexity between the five languages considered in the book and their sister languages, and states that these differences ... More


Introduction: Navajo as Default

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of complexity arguments regarding second-language acquisition. It argues that this neglect of the role of reduction in language contact beyond ... More


Europe's Periphery

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

in The Changing Languages of Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter is concerned with the question of how contact between Standard Average European languages and other languages affects the typological profile of the languages concerned. With the spread ... More


The True Story of Ah Jake: Language, Labor, and Justice in Late-Nineteenth-Century Sierra County, California

Mae M. Ngai

in Cultures in Motion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159096
eISBN:
9781400849895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159096.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines how the issues of language, labor, and justice intertwined in the murder trial of Ah Jake, a Chinese gold miner in nineteenth-century California. The focus is on the transcript ... More


From Cultures to Cultural Practices and Back Again

Helmut Reimitz

in Cultures in Motion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159096
eISBN:
9781400849895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159096.003.0012
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book concludes with two afterwords, the first of which argues how centering itinerancy as concept and method enables a reconsideration of scale in the historian's craft. It emphasizes the book's ... More


Evidence for Language Emergence

Namhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Andrea W. Mates, and John H. Schumann

in The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384246
eISBN:
9780199869916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384246.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter offers evidence for language as a complex adaptive system (CAS). This empirical support is drawn from computer simulations of language evolution, the development of pidgin and creole ... More


Oceanic Serial Verbs and Melanesian Pidgin

Terry Crowley

in Serial Verbs in Oceanic: A Descriptive Typology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198241355
eISBN:
9780191712050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241355.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Language Families

This chapter discusses the distribution and development of serial verbs in Melanesian pidgin, with emphasis on language contact between mainly Oceanic languages and English in the late 19th and 20th ... More


. Strong Nation, Stone Nation

Gregory Clancey

in Earthquake Nation: The Cultural Politics of Japanese Seismicity, 1868-1930

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246072
eISBN:
9780520932296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246072.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Kōbudaigakkō's zōka course was only one of a number of sites constructing new archi-technical models for Meiji Japan. Compromise within daiku culture had actually begun under the Tokugawa regime, and ... More


History and Changes in Progress

Pingali Sailaja

in Indian English

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625949
eISBN:
9780748671434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625949.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The complex language situation in India with particular reference to English is placed in the politico-historical context of the country. The modern history of India is divided into four sections: ... More


The Lexicon of Babel

Eric Reinders

in Borrowed Gods and Foreign Bodies: Christian Missionaries Imagine Chinese Religion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520241718
eISBN:
9780520931084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241718.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines Western missionaries' accounts of the Chinese language. It analyzes various aspects of missionaries' learning process, their views of the Chinese language, problems with ... More


Preconditions for the evolution of protolanguages

Merlin Donald

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter assumes that the evolution of language, like all other aspects of life, must have been subject to the laws of natural selection, and that its emergence must therefore have been a ... More


Local Haole?: Whites, Racial and Imperial Loyalties, and Membership in Hawai‘i

Paul Spickard

in Beyond Ethnicity: New Politics of Race in Hawai'i

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780824869885
eISBN:
9780824877859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824869885.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Spickard expresses hesitation to speak definitively about Haoles (Whites) in Hawai‘i, but offers these thoughts. Every action by a Haole in Hawai‘i is framed by the history of colonialism, ... More


The origin of language

John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmary

in The Major Transitions in Evolution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502944
eISBN:
9780191919237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502944.003.0021
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

The past 30 years has witnessed a debate between the holders of two very different views about how humans are able to talk. The behaviourists, following B. F. Skinner, ... More


Latin America: A Linguistic Curiosity from the Point of View of Colonization and the Ensuing Language Contacts

Salikoko S. Mufwene

in Iberian Imperialism and Language Evolution in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226126173
eISBN:
9780226125671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226125671.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Portugal and Spain engaged in the effective colonization of the New World at least 100 years before England, France, and Holland did. The Portuguese started producing sugar on the industrial scale in ... More


Comedies

Jonathan Haynes

in Nollywood: The Creation of Nigerian Film Genres

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226387819
eISBN:
9780226388007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226388007.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

Major shifts in Nollywood shortly after 2000 included greatly increased power for the marketers, a shift of filmmaking and financing to the Igbo cities of Asaba, Enugu, and Onitsha, a crisis of ... More


“Polypolis” and Levantine Camp

Bernard de Zogheb

in Alexandrian Cosmopolitanism: An Archive

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251766
eISBN:
9780823252992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251766.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The chapter addresses the comic operettas written by a virtually unknown Alexandrian Syro-Lebanese author, Bernard de Zogheb, between the 1940s and 1990s, against the backdrop of the dissolution of ... More


British relations and conflicts with the Portuguese and Chinese authorities in the second half of the eighteenth century

Rogério Miguel Puga

in The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139798
eISBN:
9789888180752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139798.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

In the second half of the eighteenth century, conflicts between the supercargoes and the Portuguese and Chinese authorities heightened. The enclave and the Emperor of China enacted laws to regulate ... More


What Kinds of Syntactic Phenomena Must Biologists, Neurobiologists, and Computer Scientists Try to Explain and Replicate?

Tallerman Maggie, Newmeyer Frederick, Bickerton Derek, Bouchard Denis, Kaan Edith, and Rizzi Luigi

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on research dealing with syntactic phenomena as well as the biological foundations and origin of syntax. It first outlines the main building blocks of syntax, starting with ... More


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