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The Metaphysics Within Physics

Tim Maudlin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What fundamental account of the world is implicit in physical theory? Physics straightforwardly postulates quarks and electrons, but what of the more intangible elements, such as laws of nature, ... More


The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Dean Rickles, Steven French, and Juha T. Saatsi (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Quantum gravity is the name given to a theory that unites general relativity — Einstein's theory of gravitation and spacetime — with quantum field theory, our framework for describing ... More


Measurement as Representation: 1. The Physical Correlate

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores measurement ‘from above’: that is, looking for a view that we can have after the measurement procedures, concepts, and theories have stabilized. This resting point in the ... More


Empedocles' Element Theory and Parmenides

John Palmer

in Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

After an initial orientation to Empedocles' physical theory that emphasizes the centrality of the principles of cyclical and reciprocal change, the chapter critiques the claims involved in ... More


Anaxagoras and Parmenides

John Palmer

in Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter reassesses Anaxagoras' relation to Parmenides in light of the modal interpretation of Parmenides developed in Chapters 2 to 4. After an initial orientation to the fundamental tenets of ... More


Geometrizing Physics: Eddington's Theory of the Affine Field

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is shown how Eddington’s 1921 generalization of Weyl’s theory of gravitation and electromagnetism stemmed from similar transcendental idealist epistemological concerns. While Eddington’s affine ... More


Great Expectations

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter presents two critical points to bear in mind right from the start: (1) never take for granted the apparent willingness of nature to yield to reason, and (2) never expect to find a ... More


The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds

Jeffrey A. Barrett

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199247431
eISBN:
9780191697661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247431.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents the most comprehensive study yet of a problem that has puzzled physicists and philosophers since the 1930s. The standard theory of quantum mechanics is in one sense the most ... More


Interpreting Quantum Theories

Laura Ruetsche

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199535408
eISBN:
9780191728525
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535408.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

QM∞ includes quantum field theory and the thermodynamic limit of quantum statistical mechanics — theories which, unlike the ‘ordinary’ quantum theories typically discussed by philosophers, concern ... More


The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories from a Contemporary Perspective

Michael J. White

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239529
eISBN:
9780191679940
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239529.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book presents a detailed analysis of three ancient models of spatial magnitude, time, and local motion. The book connects the Aristotelian model, which represents spatial magnitude, time, and ... More


Primitive Ontology and the Structure of Fundamental Physical Theories

Valia Allori

in The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790807
eISBN:
9780199979660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790807.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In contrast to what is commonly believed, fundamental physical theories (like classical and quantum mechanics) have a common structure: the (microscopic) constituents of material objects are ... More


Introduction

Alan C. Bowen and Robert B. Todd

in Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy: A Translation of The Heavens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233256
eISBN:
9780520928510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233256.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The Heavens (Caelestia) is the only surviving work by Cleomedes. In the absence of any external biographical information on him, his floruit has to be inferred from the probable date of his treatise. ... More


Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

John M. Cooper

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This is a major reinterpretation of ancient philosophy that recovers the long Greek and Roman tradition of philosophy as a complete way of life—and not simply an intellectual discipline. The book ... More


Structural Realism and Category Mistakes

Elaine Landry

in Categories for the Working Philosopher

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198748991
eISBN:
9780191811593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198748991.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Structural realists have made use of category theory in three ways. The first is as a meta-level formal framework for a structural realist account of the structure of scientific theories, either ... More


Peace at Last?

Steven Weinberg

in The One Culture?: A Conversation about Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226467221
eISBN:
9780226467245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226467245.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Although scientists recognize that their theories often bear the stamp of the social environment in which they are formulated, some like to think of this as an impurity, some slag left amid the ... More


My Strategy for Nominalizing Physics, and its Advantages

Hartry Field

in Science without Numbers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198777915
eISBN:
9780191823381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777915.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Suggests that the Hilbert theory of geometry, and its representation and uniqueness theorems, provide a general model of how physical theories are to be nominalized. Several features of Hilbert’s ... More


Determinism and Stability in Physics

Yemima Ben-Menahem

in Causation in Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174938
eISBN:
9781400889297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174938.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the role of stability and determinism in physical theories such as statistical mechanics. In the physical sciences, the notions of stability and instability, no longer ... More


Category Theory and the Foundations of Classical Space–Time Theories

James Owen Weatherall

in Categories for the Working Philosopher

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198748991
eISBN:
9780191811593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198748991.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

I review some recent work on applications of category theory to questions concerning theoretical structure and theoretical equivalence of classical field theories, including Newtonian gravitation, ... More


Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics and the Origin of Life: The Inorganic-Physical Chemist Point of View

Jerzy Maselko and Maciej Maselko

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter seeks to reveal continuities among physics, chemistry, and biology. It proposes a conceptualization based on autonomy and individuality and discusses the concepts of macrostates, ... More


Epilogue

Gerard Passannante

in The Lucretian Renaissance: Philology and the Afterlife of Tradition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226648491
eISBN:
9780226648514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226648514.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter explores Newton's interest in De rerum natura, inspecting his manuscripts of the classical scholia and how one curious survival in these manuscripts gives rise to a number of larger ... More


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