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Defining Infrastructure and Commons Management

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Infrastructure and commons are not typically thought to be related to one another. Both concepts have rich histories and varied meaning, and both involve complex phenomena that are the subject of ... More


Cyber-Physical Security

Laura DeNardis

in The Internet in Everything: Freedom and Security in a World with No Off Switch

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300233070
eISBN:
9780300249330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300233070.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explains how cybersecurity increasingly connects to consumer safety and critical industrial infrastructure, as well as the digital economy and systems of democracy. Thus, the stakes of ... More


Privacy Gets Physical

Laura DeNardis

in The Internet in Everything: Freedom and Security in a World with No Off Switch

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300233070
eISBN:
9780300249330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300233070.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter addresses the critical area of cyber-physical system privacy. Cyber-physical system privacy concerns encroach into intimate spaces in and around the body and in material spaces of ... More


Wave Mechanics

P.J.E. Peebles

in Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209821
eISBN:
9780691206738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209821.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter develops the wave mechanics formalism. The emphasis here is on symmetries and conservation laws: parity, linear and angular momentum, and the electromagnetic interaction. The only ... More


The Internet Freedom Oxymoron

Laura DeNardis

in The Internet in Everything: Freedom and Security in a World with No Off Switch

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300233070
eISBN:
9780300249330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300233070.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter addresses how discourses around Internet freedom have served a variety of interests and ideologies. However, all of the various conceptions of Internet freedom have to be challenged in ... More


Randomness

Peter Coles

in From Cosmos to Chaos: The Science of Unpredictability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567622
eISBN:
9780191718250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567622.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter examines randomness and how it applies (or does not) in both abstract mathematics and in physical systems. There are many different ways in which a sequence of events could be said to be ... More


Perturbation Theory

P.J.E. Peebles

in Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209821
eISBN:
9780691206738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209821.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines applications drawn from perturbation theory. The main topic in perturbation theory is the energy and spontaneous decay rate of the 21-cm hyperfine line in atomic hydrogen. ... More


Nature as Inner Principle of Change

Sarah Waterlow

in Nature, Change, and Agency in Aristotle's Physics: A philosophical study

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246534
eISBN:
9780191680984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246534.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theodor Gomperz has voiced a common verdict on Aristotle’s philosophy of nature: ‘The physical doctrines of Aristotle are a disappointing chapter in the history of science…The science of the ... More


Critical Embedded Software: Control Software Development and V&V

Pierre-Loïc Garoche

in Formal Verification of Control System Software

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691181301
eISBN:
9780691189581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181301.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter looks at the current state of physical systems controlled by an onboard computer. Typically this covers transportation systems such as cars, aircraft, railway systems, space systems, or ... More


Interactive Dualism

Richard Swinburne

in Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

Brain events often cause mental events, and mental events often cause brain events. Despite Wegner and Libet no scientific work does or could show that mental events do not cause brain events. This ... More


Undecidability and Intractability in Theoretical Physics

Stephen Wolfram

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores some fundamental consequences of the correspondence between physical process and computations. Most physical questions may be answerable only through irreducible amounts of ... More


Improbability and the Engine of Complexity

John E. Mayfield

in The Engine of Complexity: Evolution as Computation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163040
eISBN:
9780231535281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163040.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Orderly arrangements are characterized by internal relationships, and an important property shared by all physical systems is that the overwhelming majority of imaginable configurations exhibit no ... More


Past and Present

John E. Mayfield

in The Engine of Complexity: Evolution as Computation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163040
eISBN:
9780231535281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163040.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The two most frequently asked questions of students who are first learning about evolution are: How did life start? And, what is its future? The engine-of-complexity concept provides added ... More


Introduction

Hans-Peter Eckle

in Models of Quantum Matter: A First Course on Integrability and the Bethe Ansatz

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199678839
eISBN:
9780191878589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199678839.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter provides general introductory information on the book as whole, offering the reader an overview of and orientation within the book. It is deliberately short to avoid redundancies, and it ... More


Quantum

Lance Fortnow

in The Golden Ticket: P, NP, and the Search for the Impossible

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175782
eISBN:
9781400846610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175782.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter examines the power of quantum computing, as well as the related concepts of quantum cryptography and teleportation. In 1982, the Nobel prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman noticed ... More


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