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Emergence in Mind

Cynthia Macdonald and Graham Macdonald (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There have long been controversies about how it is that minds can fit into a physical universe. Emergence in Mind presents new essays by a group of philosophers investigating whether mental ... More


Physics of Ice

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Ice is one of the most abundant and environmentally important materials on Earth, and its unique and intriguing physical properties present fascinating areas of study. This book takes as its subject ... More


The Psychophysical Nexus

Thomas Nagel

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Thomas Nagel investigates the status of a priori knowledge in the context of the mind‐body problem. A priori reflection on the concepts of mental and physical properties seems to show that mental ... More


The Nonreductivist’s Troubles with Mental Causation

Jaegwon Kim

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes the theory of a bifurcated world that consists of two metaphysically independent spheres existing side by side. Associated with each domain is a distinct family of properties, ... More


Applications

I. David Brown

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry: The Bond Valence Model

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199298815
eISBN:
9780191708879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298815.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Practical applications of the bond valence model can be found in the solution and analysis of crystal structures, in the physical properties of materials, in mineralogy, chemistry and biology.


Mineralogy of Asbestos

John E. Craighead, Allen Gibbs, and Fred Pooley

in Asbestos and Its Diseases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195178692
eISBN:
9780199864591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178692.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the mineralogy of asbestos. Topics covered include mineralogical and geological features, air particulate burdens and respiratory tract response, occurrence and ... More


Heat, Temperature, and Phenomenal Concepts

Isabelle Peschard and Michel Bitbol

in The Case for Qualia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232661
eISBN:
9780262286497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232661.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter makes the claim that phenomenal concepts and physical concepts refer to one and the same thing—a physical property. Something that can be known by tactile sensing is the same thing as ... More


Introduction

Jürgen H. Breuste

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section introduces the concept of ecology in cities by describing the physical properties of urban areas that ‘set the scene’ for urban ecology. It consists of four chapters that discuss ... More


Electronic Structure Methods for Complex Materials: The orthogonalized linear combination of atomic orbitals

Wai-Yim Ching and Paul Rulis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199575800
eISBN:
9780191740992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575800.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The aim of this book is to broadly introduce a robust method for electronic structure calculation that is particularly well suited for application to large complex systems. This method, called the ... More


The neutron

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The first part of the chapter introduces the relevant physical properties of the neutron and their relationship with kinetic properties. It explains neutron detection via the ionizing products of ... More


Water and Soil

Arnold G. van der Valk

in The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The distribution of plants and animals found on wetlands is influenced by environmental factors that operate at various scales and determine what organisms will be found in a given wetland. ... More


Relaxor ferroelectrics

Robert Blinc

in Advanced Ferroelectricity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199570942
eISBN:
9780191728631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570942.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Relaxors are site‐ and charge‐disordered crystals or solid solutions where charge disorder induces random fields. They are characterized by the appearance of polar nanoclusters that are much smaller ... More


Physical Properties inside Domain Walls: Basic Principles and Scanning Probe Measurements

G. Catalan and N. Domingo

in Domain Walls: From Fundamental Properties to Nanotechnology Concepts

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862499
eISBN:
9780191895319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862499.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explains that the field of domain wall (DW) nanoelectronics is predicated on the premise that the distinct physical properties of domain walls offer new conceptual possibilities for ... More


Principles of Metal Refining and Recycling

Thorvald Abel Engh, Geoffrey K. Sigworth, and Anne Kvithyld

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198811923
eISBN:
9780191850035
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811923.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Covers the field of recycling and refining of metals. An important point the book stresses is that the principles are the same in the treatment of various different metals. The book answerd why it is ... More


Beyond ideal crystals

Carmelo Giacovazzo

in Fundamentals of Crystallography

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573653
eISBN:
9780191775000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573653.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter posits that more severe types of crystal imperfections exist, and they are responsible for most of the physical properties of solids. It briefly describes mechanisms and/or organizations ... More


Non-perturbative foundations of quantum field theory

Franco Strocchi

in An Introduction to Non-Perturbative Foundations of Quantum Field Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199671571
eISBN:
9780191751073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671571.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physical principles that characterize a theory which combines quantum mechanics and relativity, describing particle interactions by fields: QM1, Hilbert space structure of ... More


Covalent Compounds

Mark Ladd

in Bonding, Structure and Solid-State Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198729945
eISBN:
9780191818783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729945.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 2 introduces the Planck quantum theory and the Schrödinger equation. Radial and angular functions are derived and atomic orbitals discussed. Molecular structure is discussed in terms of the ... More


Structures and properties of functional intermetallics

Walter Steurer and Julia Dshemuchadse

in Intermetallics: Structures, Properties, and Statistics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198714552
eISBN:
9780191782848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714552.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

In this chapter, structures and physical properties of functional intermetallics of technological interest or at least with potential for applications are discussed. Technologically most important so ... More


Liquids and amorphous materials

D.S. Sivia

in Elementary Scattering Theory: For X-ray and Neutron Users

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199228676
eISBN:
9780191775116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228676.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter focuses on liquids and amorphous materials that are characterised structurally by their localised order. Although ice, water, and steam are chemically the same material, they differ ... More


Soil Liquid Phase and Soil–Water Interactions

Marco Bittelli, Gaylon S. Campbell, and Fausto Tomei

in Soil Physics with Python: Transport in the Soil–Plant–Atmosphere System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199683093
eISBN:
9780191763175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683093.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter covers the main physical properties of water and soil–water interactions. Properties of water, such as surface tension and contact angle, are described. Because of their importance for ... More


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