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Does the Brain Create the Mind?

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter takes a highly speculative approach in which the hard problem of consciousness is approached with questions about a category beyond ordinary information; that is, Ultra-Information, ... More


Dynamics of marine ecosystems: integration through models of physical-biological interactions

Brad de Young, Francisco E. Werner, Harold Batchelder, François Carlotti, Øyvind Fiksen, Eileen E. Hofmann, Suam Kim, Michio J. Kishi, and Hidekatsu Yamazaki

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

GLOBEC studies have greatly expanded our understanding of the structure and functioning of marine ecosystems, in particular demonstrating the importance of life history dynamics in determining the ... More


A Model of Speech Production Based on Expression and Prosody

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter proposes a speech production architecture in which all speech occurs within two larger frameworks called wrappers. The overall wrapper is expression; the next wrapper is prosody. ... More


Phenomenal Concepts and the Explanatory Gap

David J. Chalmers

in The Character of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195311105
eISBN:
9780199870851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311105.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Confronted with the apparent explanatory gap between physical processes and consciousness, philosophers have reacted in many different ways. Some deny that any explanatory gap exists at all. Some ... More


Climatic Fluctuations and Marine Systems: A General Itroduction to the Ecological Effects

Geir Ottersen, Nils Chr. Stenseth, and James W. Hurrell

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief account of the Atlantic as a whole and how it is linked to other oceans, before focusing on the main currents and hydrography of the North Atlantic. This ... More


Summary

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This concluding chapter talks about how the Earth's climate is fundamental to the well-being of humanity, and any factor with the potential to affect that is obviously of concern. Thus, an ... More


Is It a Girl or Is It a Boy?

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the processes that are involved in physical sexual differentiation. Topics covered include mechanisms of sexual differentiation, how hormones control sexual development, human ... More


Probabilistic Causality

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Provides a critical analysis and comparison of the theories of probabilistic causality offered by Hans Reichenbach I.J. Good and Patrick Suppes. Each of these theories faces some fundamental ... More


From Sarcophagus to Ship: Traditional and Early Scientific Visions of the Flood

J. David Pleins

in When the Great Abyss Opened: Classic and Contemporary Readings of Noah's Flood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199733637
eISBN:
9780199852505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733637.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Various endeavors were made to make logical sense out of the story of Noah's ark even before the fundamentalist movement was set in motion. Although several Christian and Jewish interpreters ... More


Computation

John E. Mayfield

in The Engine of Complexity: Evolution as Computation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163040
eISBN:
9780231535281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163040.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Computers are machines that manipulate information, and computer science is the formal discipline that studies limitations and opportunities afforded by this type of activity. This chapter explores ... More


Introductory Chapter

John Bolender

in The Self-Organizing Social Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014441
eISBN:
9780262289238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014441.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter demonstrates that there are deep necessities in how social relations are conceived. It illustrates that there are some very central aspects of relational cognition that are deeply ... More


Undecidability and Intractability in Theoretical Physics

Stephen Wolfram

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores some fundamental consequences of the correspondence between physical process and computations. Most physical questions may be answerable only through irreducible amounts of ... More


How serious is climate change?

Dieter Helm

in The Carbon Crunch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300186598
eISBN:
9780300188646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300186598.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines the importance of climate change and its underlying physical processes, and the impact of various degrees of warming on human civilization. The seminars at environment and ... More


Sources and Distribution of Sediments

Thomas S. Bianchi

in Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195160826
eISBN:
9780197562048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195160826.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The uplift of rocks above sea level on the Earth’s surface over geological time, produces rock material that can be altered into soils and sediments by weathering processes. Over geological time, a ... More


Large-scale structure observations

Will J. Percival

in Post-Planck Cosmology: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 100, July 2013

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198728856
eISBN:
9780191795794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728856.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes some of the physical processes underpinning measurements obtained from recent galaxy surveys using multi-object spectrographs on ground-based telescopes. These surveys include ... More


The Lambda-CDM model of the hot Big Bang

Nathalie Deruelle and Jean-Philippe Uzan

in Relativity in Modern Physics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198786399
eISBN:
9780191828669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786399.003.0059
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the Lambda-CDM (cold dark matter) model. In 1948, under the impetus of George Gamow, Robert Hermann, Ralph Alpher, and Hans Bethe in particular, relativistic cosmology entered ... More


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