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Laws and Lawmakers Science, Metaphysics, and the Laws of Nature

Marc Lange

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328134
eISBN:
9780199870042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328134.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Laws of nature have long puzzled philosophers. What distinguishes laws from facts about the world that do not rise to the level of laws? How can laws be contingent and nevertheless necessary? In what ... More


Natural Necessity

Marc Lange

in Laws and Lawmakers Science, Metaphysics, and the Laws of Nature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328134
eISBN:
9780199870042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328134.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Natural necessity is analyzed in terms of “sub-nomic stability” (introduced in Chapter 1). The various species of necessity correspond to the various nonmaximal sets possessing sub-nomic stability. ... More


A World of Subjunctives

Marc Lange

in Laws and Lawmakers Science, Metaphysics, and the Laws of Nature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328134
eISBN:
9780199870042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328134.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The laws' necessity makes them laws. Their necessity consists of membership in a nonmaximal sub-nomically stable set. Therefore, the laws are laws in virtue of belonging to a nonmaximal sub-nomically ... More


Kinds of Necessity

Richard Swinburne

in The Coherence of Theism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240709
eISBN:
9780191598586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240708.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

An analysis is provided of different kinds of necessity: logical necessity (or analyticity), a posterior necessity, the necessity of the past, causal ultimacy, everlasting existence, and physical ... More


Computational Principles

John L. Pollock

in Nomic Probability and the Foundations of Induction

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195060133
eISBN:
9780197560129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195060133.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

Much of the usefulness of probability derives from its rich logical and mathematical structure. That structure comprises the probability calculus. The classical probability calculus is familiar and ... More


Against Necessitarianism

Jennifer McKitrick

in Dispositional Pluralism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198717805
eISBN:
9780191787317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717805.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The laws of nature are at most physically necessary, and they are not metaphysically necessary. Dispositional Essentialists claim that if natural laws derive from powers, then the laws of nature are ... More


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