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Physical Activity, Fitness, and the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

Gang Hu, Timo A. Lakka, and Jaakko Tuomilehto

in Epidemiologic Methods in Physical Activity Studies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195183009
eISBN:
9780199865116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183009.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews current evidence regarding the role of physical activity and physical fitness in the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes. Epidemiological evidence from prospective cohort ... More


Sound Bodies and Sound Minds

Nancy Sherman

in Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy behind the Military Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195315912
eISBN:
9780199851201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315912.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses the issue of discipline as it affects the development of both mind and body. It explores whether Stoic teachings about our relationship with our bodies offer sage counsel. ... More


Social Reform and Human Improvement

Michael Freeden

in The New Liberalism: An Ideology of Social Reform

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229612
eISBN:
9780191678899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229612.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The first section of this chapter describes the environment of character. Although the main implications of social reform concerned the fabric of society, the ethical ends of the community, and the ... More


Muscular Vegetarianism

Adam D. Shprintzen

in The Vegetarian Crusade: The Rise of an American Reform Movement, 1817-1921

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469608914
eISBN:
9781469612690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/978146960891.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter considers vegetarianism's connection to the growing physical culture, fitness, strength, and bodybuilding movements of the early twentieth century. Vegetarianism's most widely read ... More


Alternative Service

Roger R. Tamte

in Walter Camp and the Creation of American Football

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780252041617
eISBN:
9780252050275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041617.003.0048
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

To support the U.S. war effort in April 1917, Camp begins and actively promotes around the country a “Senior Service Corps”—local groups of executives who jointly exercise one hour a day, three days ... More


Fit Body, Fit Mind: Scandinavian Youth and the Value of Work, Education, and Physical Fitness in Progressive-Era Chicago

Erika K. Jackson

in Children and Youth During the Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479894147
eISBN:
9781479804078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479894147.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the efforts of Scandinavian students in Chicago to bring organized recreation and sports into their schools during the Progressive Era. It begins by revisiting the conflict ... More


The Wrestler's Body: Identity and Ideology in North India

Joseph Alter

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076976
eISBN:
9780520912175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076976.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This book tells the story of a way of life organized in terms of physical self-development. While Indian wrestlers are competitive athletes, they are also moral reformers whose conception of self and ... More


Alf Ramsey and the importance of being earnest: masculinity, modernity and the 1966 World Cup squad

John Hughson

in England and the 1966 World Cup: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719096150
eISBN:
9781526115331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096150.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter takes up the theme of masculinity. Traditional masculinity was undoubtedly affected by the emergent rock’n’roll era in Britain by the 1960s. Football was not especially quick to respond, ... More


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