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Relationships and Communication Between Caregivers and Patients

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews four basic models for understanding the patient–practitioner relationship: paternalistic, expert, consumerist, and mutual. While some aspects of communication are well-predicted ... More


The health environment

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses some key policy options for reducing the negative impacts of an unhealthy environment, as well as some challenges involved when attempting to reduce social causes of ill ... More


Modeling Determinants of Population Health

T. Kue Young

in Population Health: Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195158540
eISBN:
9780199864379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents different models and pathways of health and introduces the concept of health determinants, which include genetic susceptibility, physical environment, personal lifestyles and ... More


Functions Functions

Mike Hansell

in Animal Architecture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507529
eISBN:
9780191709838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507529.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

There are essentially only three functions to animal built structures: to create a protected home, to trap prey, and for intraspecific communication. The most common functions of these homes are ... More


Understanding Technological Progress

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows which factors on the aggregate level help determine the propensity of a member of a society to invent, and which factors make others want to adopt his or her inventions. It ... More


Early life

Michael Marmot and Richard G. Wilkinson

in Social Determinants of Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198565895
eISBN:
9780191723988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565895.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter outlines knowledge of the social and biological processes that determine physical and mental health in early life, and the reasons put forward for their association with adult health. ... More


Habitat assessment

William J. Sutherland and Rhys E. Green

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Most field studies incorporate measures of habitat extent and quality. How to devise a protocol for recording habitat is described. The section on physical environment describes how to measure ... More


The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Joel Mokyr

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In a world of supercomputers, genetic engineering, and fiber optics, technological creativity is ever more the key to economic success. But why are some nations more creative than others, and why do ... More


Limits to Places and Spaces for Physical Exercise

Melvin Delgado

in Social Justice and the Urban Obesity Crisis: Implications for Social Work

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160094
eISBN:
9780231534253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160094.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines how the lack of places and spaces for physical exercise contributes to the problem of obesity. Policies and community/neighborhood infrastructure play a significant role in the ... More


Play and the Physical Environment

Thomas S. Henricks

in Play and the Human Condition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039072
eISBN:
9780252097058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039072.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter examines the intersection between human capability and the physical environment, and more specifically between active play and material forms. It begins by discussing the evolution of ... More


Effective Classroom Management

Li Wai-shing

in Classroom Management: Creating a Positive Learning Environment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9789622098886
eISBN:
9789882206748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098886.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Classroom management is a multi-faceted concept. This chapter describes and discusses four major components of effective classroom management: the management of the physical environment, curriculum ... More


Underlying Determinants of Health: Putting Local Data to Work

Margaret Shih

in Public Health Practice: What Works

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199892761
eISBN:
9780199301515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892761.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses how local health departments can use local data to engage cities, communities, and community groups about important health issues. Community-level data can be useful for ... More


The residential environment

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Psychodynamic perspectives always recognised the inherent complexity of residential child care, a complexity that needed to be understood and appropriately negotiated. Managerial regimes have sought ... More


Fire and Physical Environment Interactions: Soil, Water, and Air

Peter M. Wohlgemuth, Ken Hubbert, and Michael J. Arbaugh

in Fire in California's Ecosystems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246058
eISBN:
9780520932272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246058.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the interactions of fire with the soil, water, and air components of the physical environment. Fire can change soil properties, such as soil texture, bulk density and porosity, ... More


Variation II: Biotic and Abiotic Environment

Gil G. Rosenthal

in Mate Choice: The Evolution of Sexual Decision Making from Microbes to Humans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691150673
eISBN:
9781400885466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150673.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on the physical environment and on the biotic community in which choosers live: the resources choosers acquire and the challenges toward which they must allocate those resources. ... More


Roasted in Wrath and Fire: The Ecology of the Passions in Hamlet and Othello

Gail Kern Paster

in Humoring the Body: Emotions and the Shakespearean Stage

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226648477
eISBN:
9780226648484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226648484.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines a few locutions of affect in William Shakespeare's Hamlet and Othello in order to determine how such locutions, if properly contextualized in terms of early modern ... More


Marriage Resistance in Rural Kwangtung: (1978)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Women all over Kwangtung traditionally worked outside their home, and by this century women in other provinces were also working in cash-earning occupations. However, marriage resistance remained ... More


The End of the Imperial City

Mary McAuley

in Bread and Justice: State and Society in Petrograd 1917-1922

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198219828
eISBN:
9780191678387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219828.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

St Petersburg, on the eve of a war which was to put ever greater population pressure on its inadequate amenities, was a city of sharp contrasts. It was not just that the gulf between the ... More


HIA in the physical environment: Policy development and community participation

Monica O’Mullane

in Health Impact Assessment and policy development: The Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719091933
eISBN:
9781781708446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091933.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter starts off with a brief overview of the health impacts of the physical environment. It then goes on to describe two HIAs, one conducted on traffic and transport in the community of ... More


Greek City Planning in Theory and Practice

Nicholas Cahill

in Household and City Organization at Olynthus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084955
eISBN:
9780300133004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084955.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter provides a few literary accounts about historical cities that discuss issues concerning the relations between polis and household, and which relate to the understanding of the ... More


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