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Modern Indian Physical Culture: Degeneracy and Experimentation

Mark Singleton

in Yoga Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395358
eISBN:
9780199777303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395358.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Hinduism

Chapter 5 considers more closely the Indian physical culture scene of the period. Colonial educators tended to present Hindu Indians as a weakling race who deserved to be dominated. The ... More


Yoga as Physical Culture I: Strength and Vigor

Mark Singleton

in Yoga Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395358
eISBN:
9780199777303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395358.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Hinduism

Chapter 6 considers early twentieth‐century developments of experiments in the synthesis of yoga and physical culture. Āsana remains largely absent from the practical, anglophone yoga primer in the ... More


India and the International Physical Culture Movement

Mark Singleton

in Yoga Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395358
eISBN:
9780199777303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395358.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Hinduism

Chapter 4 offers a brief account of modern nationalist physical culture. This provides the context for an examination of several of the most important forms of (Western) physical culture present in ... More


T. Krishnamacharya and the Mysore Āsana Revival

Mark Singleton

in Yoga Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395358
eISBN:
9780199777303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395358.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Hinduism

Chapter 9 considers the vastly influential postural forms developed by T. Krishnamacharya during his tenure as yoga teacher in Mysore during the 1930s and 1940s. The preceding chapters force us to ... More


Yoga as Physical Culture II: Harmonial Gymnastics and Esoteric Dance

Mark Singleton

in Yoga Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395358
eISBN:
9780199777303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395358.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Hinduism

Chapter 7 takes another facet of modern postural yoga's relationship with physical culture: the “harmonial gymnastic” tradition. Largely practiced by women, such “spiritualized” methods of movement ... More


Modern Urban Lifestyles, Degeneration, and the Male Body

Ina Zweiniger‐Bargielowska

in Managing the Body: Beauty, Health, and Fitness in Britain 1880-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199280520
eISBN:
9780191594878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280520.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter charts the emergence of life reform, vegetarianism, physical culture, and reducing culture, which have to be understood against the background of rapid urbanization, the rise of modern ... More


Reconstructing the Male Body

Ina Zweiniger‐Bargielowska

in Managing the Body: Beauty, Health, and Fitness in Britain 1880-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199280520
eISBN:
9780191594878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280520.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the reconstruction of the male body against the background of wartime casualties and revelations of extensive unfitness by the National Service Medical Boards. Men's military ... More


Physical culturists, masculine ideals, and social hygiene in interwar France

Joan Tumblety

in Remaking the Male Body: Masculinity and the uses of Physical Culture in Interwar and Vichy France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199695577
eISBN:
9780191745072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695577.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter analyses the medical market place represented by the proliferation of get-fit manuals, home gymnasium equipment, and body culture generally. This was a field marked by faith in natural ... More


Remaking the Male Body: Masculinity and the uses of Physical Culture in Interwar and Vichy France

Joan Tumblety

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199695577
eISBN:
9780191745072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695577.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This book is about interwar physical culture as a set of popular practices and as a field of ideas. It takes as its central subject the imagined failure of French manhood that was mapped out in this ... More


The Medium and the Message: Visual Reproduction and the āsana Revival

Mark Singleton

in Yoga Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395358
eISBN:
9780199777303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395358.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Hinduism

The argument in Chapter 8 is that modern postural practice cannot be understood without an examination of the technologies of visual reproduction. Advances in photography and print distribution ... More


Yoga Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice

Mark Singleton

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395358
eISBN:
9780199777303
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395358.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Hinduism

Yoga Body charts the rise of postural yoga (āsana) in popular imagination and practice from the middle of the nineteenth century to the beginning of the Second World War. This period saw ... More


A Better Self: Manners, Music, and Muscles

Edwin L. Battistella

in Do You Make These Mistakes in English?: The Story of Sherwin Cody's Famous Language School

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367126
eISBN:
9780199867356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367126.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter continues the survey of home study products and courses with The Book of Etiquette, the US School of Music and the body‐building course of Charles Atlas.


Performing Bodies and Physical Cultures

Nisha P R

in Jumbos and Jumping Devils: A Social History of Indian Circus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780199496709
eISBN:
9780190992088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199496709.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

The ‘circus kalaris’ were established in north Malabar during the beginning of the twentieth century where a ‘new’ and ‘modern’ physical culture was shaped. It was undoubtedly a radical refashioning ... More


Socialist Cultures of Rhetoric and Physicality

Simon Creak

in Embodied Nation: Sport, Masculinity, and the Making of Modern Laos

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838898
eISBN:
9780824869724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838898.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter looks at how the Lao People's Revolutionary Party's (LPRP) “revolution in culture and thought” aimed to build a “new socialist person” as a requisite factor for the construction of ... More


Muscular Vegetarianism

Adam D. Shprintzen

in The Vegetarian Crusade: The Rise of an American Reform Movement, 1817-1921

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469608914
eISBN:
9781469612690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/978146960891.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter considers vegetarianism's connection to the growing physical culture, fitness, strength, and bodybuilding movements of the early twentieth century. Vegetarianism's most widely read ... More


Public Health

David L. Hoffmann

in Cultivating the Masses: Modern State Practices and Soviet Socialism, 1914-1939

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801446290
eISBN:
9780801462832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801446290.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines public health programs under the Stalinist regime. It first considers Soviet health care within the context of social medicine and the state's role as guarantor of public ... More


Introduction

Simon Creak

in Embodied Nation: Sport, Masculinity, and the Making of Modern Laos

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838898
eISBN:
9780824869724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838898.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter examines how the ubiquity of physical practices in modern Laos demonstrates the extraordinary reach of physical culture in colonial and postcolonial societies and a global ... More


Conclusion

Joan Tumblety

in Remaking the Male Body: Masculinity and the uses of Physical Culture in Interwar and Vichy France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199695577
eISBN:
9780191745072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695577.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

The short concluding remarks reiterate the interconnected themes that run thoughout the entire book — how a model of athletic muscular masculinity was shared across a very wide public, functioning as ... More


Muscle Memory: Building the Body Politic of Character in Charlotte Perkins Gilman and the National Police Gazette

James B. Salazar

in Bodies of Reform: The Rhetoric of Character in Gilded Age America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741306
eISBN:
9780814786536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741306.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter analyzes the historicizing function of muscle building in literary naturalism and the physical-culture movement of the late nineteenth century. It begins by considering Sojourner Truth's ... More


Breathing for Nerve Force, Posing for Poise

Anya P. Foxen

in Inhaling Spirit: Harmonialism, Orientalism, and the Western Roots of Modern Yoga

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190082734
eISBN:
9780190082765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190082734.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Chapter 3 examines the relationship between lingering harmonial ideas and the nineteenth-century evolution of physical culture. Specifically it relates the development of Ling Swedish gymnastics, the ... More


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