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Introduction

A. Schmidt-Rhaesa

in The Evolution of Organ Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566687
eISBN:
9780191718007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566687.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This introductory chapter provides definitions and explains the scope of the book. It explains how conclusions are drawn from trees, how they are used to build these trees, why gametes are included, ... More


Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Alessandro Minelli

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Animal phylogeny is currently undergoing a major revolution due to the availability of an exponentially increasing amount of molecular data and the application of novel methods of phylogenetic ... More


Perspectives

ZIHENG YANG

in Computational Molecular Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses current challenges and future perspectives of the field. Topics covered include theoretical issues in phylogeny reconstruction, computational issues in analysis of large and ... More


Ancestry: Evolutionary history, molecular systematics, and evolutionary ecology of Canidae

Xiaoming Wang, Richard H. Tedford, Blaire Van Valkenburgh, and Robert K. Wayne

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the evolutionary history, molecular systematics, and evolutionary ecology of canids. Topics covered include the Hesperocyoninae, Borophaginae, and Caninae subfamilies; ... More


Estimating the history of mutations on a phylogeny

Jonathan P. Bollback, Paul P. Gardner, and Rasmus Nielsen

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolution has left its signature on the molecules and morphology of living organisms. Ancestral reconstruction offers an excellent tool for understanding the process of evolution using comparative ... More


The Evolution of Organ Systems

Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566687
eISBN:
9780191718007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566687.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of systematics has developed remarkably over the last few decades. A multitude of new methods and contributions from diverse biological fields — including molecular genetics and ... More


Color Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses why animals have evolved different numbers, ranges, and placements of spectral channels in their color-vision systems. It also examines the factors, such as water transmission, ... More


Introduction – Blueprint of a Bird (Bauplan/Body plan)

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on the characterization of birds as a group; why they differ from other vertebrates; and how they have evolved. The most recent evolutionary trees of birds are provided, as well ... More


The phylogenetic frame

A. Schmidt-Rhaesa

in The Evolution of Organ Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566687
eISBN:
9780191718007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566687.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents the available data for the reconstruction of a tree. It shows that there is a robust backbone, along with several areas of uncertainty. Such controversies are discussed which ... More


Preview

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This opening chapter sets the scene by evaluating the significance of the guppy system as a tool for investigations in evolutionary ecology. It traces the growth of studies on the guppy, and ... More


Adaptation: A Special and Onerous Concept

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the concept of adaptation and how it is applied (and sometimes misapplied) to cooperation. It starts with George C. Williams's idea that adaptation is a “special and onerous ... More


Blanford's foxes: Evolution, behavioural ecology, and conservation of Blanford's foxes

Eli Geffen

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

While the morphology typical of canids adapts them to endurance running, and consequently to life in open habitats, a few species have specialized to other habitats such as rainforests, or even to ... More


Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Xun Gu

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Evolutionary genomics is a relatively new research field with the ultimate goal of understanding the underlying evolutionary and genetic mechanisms for the emergence of genome complexity under ... More


Introduction

Quentin Cronk

in The Molecular Organography of Plants

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550357
eISBN:
9780191720154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550357.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Developmental Biology

This introductory chapter chronicles in general the enormous increase in complexity in plants since plants colonized the land, and the consequences of this for terrestrial ecosystems. The principles ... More


Transport and Introduction

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers the first two steps on the invasion pathway: transport and introduction. It starts by summarizing why what we know about the history of avian invasions leads us to expect ... More


Assembling the spiralian tree of life

Gonzalo Giribet, Casey W. Dunn, Gregory D. Edgecombe, Andreas Hejnol, Mark Q. Martindale, and Greg W. Rouse

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

The advent of numerical methods for analyzing phylogenetic relationships, along with the study of morphology and molecular data, have driven our understanding of animal relationships for the past ... More


The origins and evolution of the Ecdysozoa

Maximilian J. Telford, Sarah J. Bourlat, Andrew Economou, Daniel Papillon, and Omar Rota-Stabelli

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Ecdysozoa is a clade composed of eight phyla, three of which — arthropods, tardigrades, and onychophorans — share segmentation and have appendages, and the remaining five — nematodes, nematomorphs, ... More


Primate Classification and Diversity

Matt Cartmill

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter discusses current understanding of primate phylogeny. It argues that a cladistic approach based on genetics, supplemented by morphological and behavioral data, offers unique promise for ... More


Beyond linear sequence comparisons: the use of genome-level characters for phylogenetic reconstruction

Jeffrey L. Boore and Susan I. Fuerstenberg

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

The first whole genomes to be compared for phylogenetic inference were those of mitochondria, which provided the first sets of genome-level characters for phylogenetic reconstruction. Most powerful ... More


Darwin and development: Why ontogeny does not recapitulate phylogeny for human concepts

Frank C. Keil and George E. Newman

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that human cognitive development tells us a great deal about what makes human thinking qualitatively unique, but it does so in the same way that current evolutionary biologists ... More


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