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A comparative approach to Canis

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides a comparative background for the study of dog behaviour by introducing the main behavioural features of dog-like species of Canis. The main aim here is to give an understanding ... More


Phylogenetic Diversity across Space and Time

Marc W. Cadotte and T. Jonathan Davies

in Phylogenies in Ecology: A Guide to Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157689
eISBN:
9781400881192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157689.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how phylogenetic diversity changes across spatial and temporal gradients. Spatial ecophylogenetic patterns can reveal how different processes shape ecological communities. ... More


Phylogenetic Nonindependence and Meta-analysis

Marc J. Lajeunesse, Michael S. Rosenberg, and Michael D. Jennions

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In ecological and evolutionary meta-analysis, pooling research from multiple species can be a problem because species form a nested hierarchy of phylogenetic relationships. This shared phylogenetic ... More


Building and Using Phylogenies

Marc W. Cadotte and T. Jonathan Davies

in Phylogenies in Ecology: A Guide to Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157689
eISBN:
9781400881192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157689.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains how to build a phylogeny for a certain set of species. A phylogenetic tree is a representation of species interrelatedness and conveys information about which taxa share recent ... More


Phylogenetic Relationships within Heliodinidae and Systematics of Moths Formerly Assigned to Heliodines Stainton (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea)

Yu-Feng Hsu

Ronald Carter and William Hayes (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098473
eISBN:
9780520916067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098473.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Heliodinids are tiny, brightly colored dayflying moths. This book proposes phylogenetic relationships among genera of Heliodinidae using parsimony and character compatibility, and describes and ... More


Monophyly and the Two Hierarchies

Olivier Rieppel

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The school of biological systematics known as cladistics is notorious for drawing a distinction between pattern and process. The pattern is one of relative degrees of relationships, the process is ... More


Phylogenetic Relationships of the Australian Leptophlebiidae

K.J. Finlay and Y.J. Bae

in International Advances in the Ecology, Zoogeography, and Systematics of Mayflies and Stoneflies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098688
eISBN:
9780520943803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098688.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the phylogenetic relationships of the Leptophlebiidae family of mayflies in Australia. It explains some of the previously unknown relationships among the Australian fauna and ... More


Solenogastres, Caudofoveata, and Polyplacophora

Christiane Todt, Akiko Okusu, Christoffer Schander, and Enrico Schwabe

in Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the relationships among several molluscan classes, including, Solenogastres, Caudofoveata and Polyplacophora. It explains that Polyplacophora are pointed valves while ... More


Introduction

John E. Lattke

in A Taxonomic Revision and Phylogenetic Analysis of the Ant Genus Gnamptogenys Roger in Southeast Asia and Australasia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098442
eISBN:
9780520916043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098442.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Gnamptogenys Roger is a group of predatory ponerine ants found in tropical and subtropical, mesic forested areas in Southeast Asia and Australasia, and from the southern United States to northern ... More


Taxonomy and Distribution of the Calanoid Copepod Family Heterorhabdidae

Taisoo Park

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098428
eISBN:
9780520916029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098428.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

In this revision of the calanoid copepod family Heterorhabdidae, 7 genera and 59 species are recognized, and 25 species are described as new. Included are keys to the genera and descriptions and ... More


How Can We Reconstruct Evolutionary History?

Michel Laurin

in How Vertebrates Left the Water

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266476
eISBN:
9780520947986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266476.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter attempts to reconstruct evolutionary history. Inferring phylogenetic relationships between taxa and character evolution requires relatively sophisticated methods. The chapter describes ... More


Tracing the Evolution of the Galápagos Iguanas: A Molecular Approach

Kornelia Rassmann, Melanie Markmann, Fritz Trillmich, and Diethard Tautz

in Iguanas: Biology and Conservation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238541
eISBN:
9780520930117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238541.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter traces the evolution of two Galápagos Iguanas: the land iguana (Conolophus) and the marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus). Using mitochondrial ribosomal DNA (rDNA) analyses, it reinvestigates ... More


Characters and Character States

Andrew V. Z. Brower and Randall T. Schuh

in Biological Systematics: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501752773
eISBN:
9781501752797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501752773.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter examines the theory and methods that allow systematists to recognize characters, character states, and the taxa they delimit. In systematics, similarity is a relative relation that ... More


Suidae

Yohannes Haile-Selassie

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the phylogenetic relationships among African suids. It describes cranial and dentognathic suid remains from the late Miocene of the Middle Awash study area. The available ... More


Intercontinental Dispersals of Sicistine Rodents (Sicistinae, Dipodidae, Rodentia) Between Eurasia and North America

Yuri Kimura

in Fossil Mammals of Asia: Neogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150125
eISBN:
9780231520829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.003.0030
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter investigates the intercontinental dispersals of sicistine rodents (Sicistinae, Dipodidae, Rodentia) between Eurasia and North America. The Sicistinae is a subfamily of the superfamily ... More


Middle and Upper Pliocene hominins

Francisco J. Ayala and Camilo J. Cela-Conde

in Processes in Human Evolution: The journey from early hominins to Neandertals and Modern Humans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198739906
eISBN:
9780191802836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739906.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter analyzes the hominins of the Middle and Upper Pliocene, encompassing a considerable diversification of the genus Australopithecus, which is polyphyletic; it brings also into ... More


Do We Need to Describe, Name, and Classify all Species?

Quentin D. Wheeler

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ernest Rutherford was more candid about his bias than most experimental biologists are in sharing their view of taxonomy. Experimental biologists do want to collect every species, but the similarity ... More


Iguanians

Eric R. Pianka and Laurie J. Vitt

in Lizards: Windows to the Evolution of Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234017
eISBN:
9780520939912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234017.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the morphology, phylogenetic relationships, distribution, and evolutionary history of iguanians. The Iguania is the sister taxon to all other lizards and contains three ... More


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