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Epilogue: Some Consequences

Ann Thomson

in Bodies of Thought: Science, Religion, and the Soul in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199236190
eISBN:
9780191717161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236190.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

The final chapter gives an overview of the varieties of 18th‐century materialism, in particular Diderot's mature speculations in the Rêve de D'Alembert, the works of d'Holbach and Helvétius, and ... More


Universalism and Spiritual Science

Ann Lee Bressler

in The Universalist Movement in America, 1770-1880

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129861
eISBN:
9780199834013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195129865.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

A major part of Universalism’s appeal through the first half of the nineteenth century was its proponents’ reputation for contentiousness. The movement had always attracted more than its share of ... More


Three Foundational Documents and Their Indelibility

Michael T. Gilmore

in Surface and Depth: The Quest for Legibility in American Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157765
eISBN:
9780199787784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157765.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter investigates three of the foundational texts of American culture: John Winthrop’s Model of Christian Charity, William Penn’s plan for the city of Philadelphia, and Thomas Jeffersons ... More


Franz Joseph Gall: The Cerebral Organs of Mind

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

During the final decades of the 18th century, many scientists were trying to associate bodily features with personality characteristics. In particular, physiognomy, the art of judging character from ... More


The Unities of Mankind

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0051
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter fifty-one examines Hodge’s growing animosity toward slavery. While his biblical position on slavery never changed, he became convinced during the Civil War that slavery as it was practiced in ... More


Introduction

Katja Guenther

in Localization and Its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288208
eISBN:
9780226288345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288345.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Introduction draws the parallels between certain trends in modern neuroscience and developments in late nineteenth-century neuropsychiatry. Both are structured by the aporetic relationship ... More


Materials of the Mind: Phrenology, Race, and the Global History of Science, 1815-1920

James Poskett

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226626758
eISBN:
9780226626895
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226626895.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book reconstructs the global history of phrenology-the most popular mental science of the Victorian age-through a close study of its material culture. In doing so, it provides an answer to a ... More


The Ekphrasis of the Cicerone: the 19th Century

Andrew D. Miller

in Poetry, Photography, Ekphrasis: Lyrical Representations of Photographs from the 19th Century to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381908
eISBN:
9781781382356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381908.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

The chapter examines four 19th-century ekphrases of photographs. The poets are Pope Leo XIII, Herman Melville, Lewis Carroll and Walt Whitman. It concerns itself with the 19th-century’s notions of ... More


Historical introduction

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a historical perspective to systematic scientific research on the cerebral cortex. The significance of the cerebral cortex for the higher integrative and intellectual functions ... More


Skulls, Scalps, and Seminoles

Cameron B. Strang

in Frontiers of Science: Imperialism and Natural Knowledge in the Gulf South Borderlands, 1500-1850

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640471
eISBN:
9781469640495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640471.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on the Second Seminole War (1835–1842) and how whites and natives both developed new knowledge about the Seminoles as a unique ethnic group through violence against each other’s ... More


Franz Joseph Gall: Naturalist of the Mind, Visionary of the Brain

Stanley Finger and Paul Eling

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190464622
eISBN:
9780190464646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464622.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Franz Joseph Gall (1758–1828) viewed himself as a cutting-edge scientist, whose broad goals were to understand the mind and brain, and to be able to account for both group and individual behavioral ... More


Secularism in Antebellum America

John Lardas Modern

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226533230
eISBN:
9780226533254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533254.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Ghosts, railroads, Sing Sing, and sex machines are just a few of the phenomena that appear in this account of religion and society in nineteenth-century America. This book uncovers surprising ... More


Genealogy of the Cerebral Subject

Fernando Vidal and Francisco Ortega

in Being Brains: Making the Cerebral Subject

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780823276073
eISBN:
9780823277100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823276073.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The first chapter proposes to trace the distant roots of the cerebral subject to the late seventeenth century, and particularly to debates about the seat of the soul, the corpuscularian theory of ... More


Minds Intensely Unsettled

Christopher G. White

in Unsettled Minds: Psychology and the American Search for Spiritual Assurance, 1830–1940

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520256798
eISBN:
9780520942721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256798.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines how a group of religious Americans developed new discourses of spiritual progress built on insights gleaned from new psychologies such as phrenology. Beginning in this period, a ... More


The Man Who Thought He Was Napoleon

Laure Murat

in The Man Who Thought He Was Napoleon: Toward a Political History of Madness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226025735
eISBN:
9780226025872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226025872.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

On December 1840, Paris celebrated the arrival of Napoleon’s remains with a grandiose ceremony known as the “return of the ashes.” In the following weeks, the director of the Bicêtre asylum ... More


Reflection: Faculties and Phrenology

Rebekka Hufendiek and Markus Wild

in The Faculties: A History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199935253
eISBN:
9780190247201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199935253.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This Reflection considers how the science of phrenology relates to the notion of faculty. It asks: why is phrenology so appealing? It illustrates this with reference to modern culture. Firstly, the ... More


Mapping Ourselves

Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther

in When Maps Become the World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780226669670
eISBN:
9780226674865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674865.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

To his final days, Christopher Columbus clung to an image of a planet without the Americas or the Pacific Ocean. This chapter shows that insisting on the one best map or theory weakens our thinking. ... More


The Benevolent Empire of Medicine

Matthew Warner Osborn

in Rum Maniacs: Alcoholic Insanity in the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226099897
eISBN:
9780226099927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099927.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter four illuminates the central role that physicians played in the nationwide temperance movement, the importance of temperance to the developing professional identity of American doctors, and ... More


The Old Kingdom: Ancient Egypt at mid Century

David Gange

in Dialogues with the Dead: Egyptology in British Culture and Religion, 1822-1922

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199653102
eISBN:
9780191752100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653102.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

Interest in Egypt in 1822 was geographically and socially diverse. Among the fashionable London crowds who patronised Giovanni Belzoni, the clichés of “mystery” often associated with Egyptomania ... More


Separation And Emigration 1818

Lawrence M. Crutcher

in George Keats of Kentucky: A Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813136882
eISBN:
9780813141411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136882.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

George hears about Morris Birkbeck's colonization scheme in Southern Illinois. Abbey and Charles Dilke favor George's emigration, the former for business and the latter for political reasons. George ... More


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