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The Quantum nature of light

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a survey of early experimental results — the Planck spectrum, the photoelectric effect, and Compton scattering — that are usually presented as evidence for the existence of ... More


The genius

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Albert Einstein is the only scientist who's genius was comparable to that of Newton's. Their personalities and lifestyles were completely different, but they were both consumed by the desire to know. ... More


Photon detection

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a brief description of methods of primary photon detection: the photoelectric effect, rectifying detection, photothermal effects, photon beam amplifiers, ... More


INTERACTION OF LIGHT WITH ELECTRONS IN SOLIDS

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the action of light waves, specifically when there are electronic transitions. The chapter discusses all optical problems in metals as well as the photoelectric effect, and ... More


PRODUCTION OF IONS IN THE LIQUID

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the main techniques exploited to produce ions in the liquid. Several ingenious techniques have been devised to produce or inject electron and ions in liquid helium. The most ... More


Twentieth Century and Beyond

Don S. Lemons

in Drawing Physics: 2,600 Years of Discovery From Thales to Higgs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035903
eISBN:
9780262338745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035903.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

During this period the diagrams that convey the ideas of physics become more symbolic and less representational. Rutherford’s discovery of the atomic nucleus (1910), Niels Bohr’s model of the ... More


Nonlinear Photoelectric Effects

Guang S. He

in Nonlinear Optics and Photonics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198702764
eISBN:
9780191772368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702764.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Since the advent of the laser technology, it has been found that conventional (linear) photoelectric effects (photoemission and photoconductivity) can be observed by using laser radiation with ... More


Einstein, Equipartition, Fluctuations, and Quanta

Anthony Duncan and Michel Janssen

in Constructing Quantum Mechanics: Volume 1: The Scaffold: 1900-1923

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845478
eISBN:
9780191880681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845478.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

After three papers on statistical mechanics, mostly duplicating work by Boltzmann and Gibbs, Einstein relied heavily on arguments from statistical mechanics in the most revolutionary of his famous ... More


Birth of Quantum Mechanics—Planck, Einstein, Bohr

M. Suhail Zubairy

in Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854227
eISBN:
9780191888649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854227.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In this chapter, three problems whose resolution laid the foundation of quantum mechanics are discussed. First the pioneering work of Max Planck is described who explained the spectrum of light ... More


Science as a Sport

Alvaro De Rújula

in Enjoy Our Universe: You Have No Other Choice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198817802
eISBN:
9780191859366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817802.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The question of precedence: who was the first to discover something?  Columbus? Four of the great discoveries by Einstein. His lengthy “game against Nature” in understanding general relativity (he ... More


The Quantum Hypothesis

Frank S. Levin

in Surfing the Quantum World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808275
eISBN:
9780191846014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808275.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Although 1900 ended with the classical physics of Newton and Maxwell reigning supreme, that reign did not last long, and Chapter 4 shows why. The first crack in this edifice was the failure to detect ... More


The free electron theory of metals

L. Solymar, D. Walsh, and R. R. A. Syms

in Electrical Properties of Materials

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198829942
eISBN:
9780191868504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829942.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The model of the free electron theory is presented. The density of states and the Fermi–Dirac distribution function are discussed, leading to the specific heat of the electrons, the work function, ... More


Structure of the Atom

Christopher O. Oriakhi

in Chemistry in Quantitative Language: Fundamentals of General Chemistry Calculations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195367997
eISBN:
9780197562635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195367997.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

The arrangement of electrons around the nucleus of an atom is known as its electronic structure. Since electrons determine all the chemical and most physical properties of an atomic system, it is ... More


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