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Nmda Receptors

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Ionotropic glutamate receptors, including NMDA receptors, mediate most of the excitatory synaptic transmission in the mammalian central nervous system. When NMDA receptors are activated by membrane ... More


Molecular cascades in learning

Motoy Kuno

in The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.003.0113
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Learning is behavioural modification resulting from experience. Since all behaviour reflects actions of the nervous system, behavioural modification must result from changes in the behaviour of the ... More


Signal Transduction and Protein Phosphorylation

Howard Schulman

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Higher functions of the central nervous system are based on communication between functional units consisting of many neurons. Communication within and between functional units of neurons is largely ... More


cAMP-dependent binding proteins and endogenous phosphorylation after antidepressant treatment

G. Racagni, D. Tinelli, E. Bianchi, N. Brunello, and J. Perez

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Among the most significant changes induced in monoaminergic neurones by chronic antidepressant treatment are: reduction in tyrosine hydroxylase activity, decrease in the ability of NA to stimulate ... More


The bioenergetics of living cells

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Living systems create order, and appear to break the Second Law. This chapter explains, and resolves, this apparent paradox, drawing on the concept of coupled reactions (as introduced in Chapters 13 ... More


Cellular Mechanisms Controlling Rapid Changes in Brain Aromatase Activity

Thierry D. Charlier, Charlotte A. Cornil, Gregory F. Ball, and Jacques Balthazart

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Beside their action at the genomic level, estrogens such as 17β-estradiol (E2) also activate rapid and transient cellular, physiological, and behavioral changes. Aromatase is the key limiting enzyme ... More


Synthetic Biology: A Systems Engineering Perspective

Domitilla Del Vecchio and Eduardo D. Sontag

in Control Theory and Systems Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013345
eISBN:
9780262258906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013345.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter presents a treatment of “retroactivity to interconnections.” It outlines some of the design challenges found in biomolecular systems from a systems engineering perspective, in ... More


Energy Coupling

Yas̨ar Demirel

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes and elaborates on the energy coupling processes of living systems. First, equilibrium and nonequilibrium systems are discussed, introducing living systems as open, ... More


Mechanisms of dopamine-mediated incentive learning

Richard J. Beninger

in Life's rewards: Linking dopamine, incentive learning, schizophrenia, and the mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198824091
eISBN:
9780191862755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824091.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Mechanisms of dopamine-mediated incentive learning explains how sensory events, resulting from an animal’s movement and the environment, activate cortical glutamatergic projections to dendritic ... More


Chromatin modification and remodeling

John C. Lucchesi

in Epigenetics, Nuclear Organization & Gene Function: With implications of epigenetic regulation and genetic architecture for human development and health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198831204
eISBN:
9780191869266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831204.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chromatin is refractory to the process of transcription and must be modified to allow access to the DNA. The usual initial step of this modification is the binding of “pioneering” transcription ... More


Prolegomena

Steven F. Perry, Markus Lambertz, and Anke Schmitz

in Respiratory Biology of Animals: evolutionary and functional morphology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199238460
eISBN:
9780191864056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199238460.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Developmental Biology

Probably no process epitomizes life more than respiration. By respiration we mean the cascade of energy-producing biochemical reactions called oxidative phosphorylation, powered by a gradient of ... More


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