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Direct Reference and Dancing Qualia

John Hawthorne

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that there is a tension in the semantic views held by certain antiphysicalists. These philosophers accept Fregean arguments against direct-reference theories of ordinary proper ... More


Reflexivity (1986) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter investigates three related philosophical puzzles: (1) the Richard-Soames problem: If someone believes that Hesperus outweighs Phosphorus, why does he/she not infer that there is ... More


How Not to Become a Millian Heir (1991) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defends a diagnosis of Frege's puzzle against the independent criticisms and rival diagnoses of Howard Wettstein and Kai-Yee Wong. One and the very same proposition can be a posteriori ... More


Influences on Ecosystem Function II: Historical Perturbations in Small Lake Basins

Wayne L. Hamilton

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Reanalysis of previously published data on trends in sedimentation rates over time in eight small lakes in the northern range shows variations associated with elevation and character of lake basin ... More


Internalist Cases and Externalist Theory

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Frege's Hesperus-Phosphorus case and Russell's empty names case are key cases which suggest internalism. This chapter examines standing externalist accounts of these two sorts of cases, and argues ... More


The Puzzles Solved

R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye

in Seven Puzzles of Thought and How to Solve Them: And How to Solve Them: An Originalist Theory of Concepts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695317
eISBN:
9780191738531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695317.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows how the originalist theory solves the seven puzzles.


Structure and bonding in oxides and oxoacids of carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, phosphorus, and chlorine

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the molecular structures of the three known carbon oxides, the three known sulfur oxides, eight nitrogen oxides, two phosphorus oxides, and three chlorine oxides. Bond energies ... More


Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Karl A. Wyant, Jessica R. Corman, and James J. Elser (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Phosphorus is essential to all life. A critical component of fertilizers, Phosphorus currently has no known substitute in agriculture. Without it, crops cannot grow. With too much of it, waterways ... More


Organism interactions and soil processes

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter illustrates how the activities of soil biota, especially their trophic interactions, influence the processes of decomposition and nutrient cycling, and examines the significance of this ... More


Global Phosphorus: Geological Sources and Demand-Driven Production: P is for price

Donald Burt, Marion Dumas, Nathaniel Springer, and David A. Vaccari

in Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter investigates where and in what form phosphorus occurs on Earth. It describes the major geological dimensions of phosphorus. It measures the quantities extractable phosphorus occurs and ... More


“Pictures … in time petrify’d”

Matthew C. Hunter

in Painting with Fire: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Photography, and the Temporally Evolving Chemical Object

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226390253
eISBN:
9780226390390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390390.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter surveys research into artificial phosphorus conducted in the 1670s by leading figures in the early Royal Society of London. Mastered by itinerant chymists from German-speaking lands, ... More


Introduction to P Sustainability: P is for Philosophy and Process

Genevieve S. Metson, Karl A. Wyant, and Daniel L. Childers

in Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter illustrates and explains the basic principles of sustainability. It provides a sustainability framework to existing issues in phosphorous management. It summarizes human impacts on ... More


Phosphorus Recovery and Reuse: P is for Processing

Hiroko Yoshida, Kimo C. van Dijk, Aleksandra Drizo, Steven W. van Ginkel, Kazuyo Matsubae, and Mark Buehrer

in Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter identifies the possible phosphorus flows that might be intercepted in recovery and reuse efforts. It examines current practices of phosphorus intercepting from landfills, waterways, and ... More


Resource Limitation

W. stanley Harpole, Leah Goldstein, and Rebecca J. Aicher

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The productivity of California grasslands is limited by nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, or water at various sites, and studies finding limitation by multiple resources are common. This ... More


Cyclotrons

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on developments in E. O. Lawrence’s Radiation Laboratory to illustrate the cyclotron-based system of radioisotope production. By 1940, biomedical uses of radioisotopes involved ... More


Energy and nutrients

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198817017
eISBN:
9780191858703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817017.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the ecology of Tropical East Asia from the perspective of water, energy, and matter flows through ecosystems, particularly forests. Data from the network of eddy flux ... More


Concluding Remarks: Synthesis and Initial Steps toward a Sustainable Phosphorus Future: P is for Planning

Jessica R. Corman, Karl A. Wyant, and James J. Elser

in Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter integrates the various perspectives presented in the entire text regarding phosphorus sustainability and provides an overall view of them. It integrates and synthesizes the main themes ... More


Sustainable P in Agriculture: Food and Fuel: P is for Productivity

Val H. Smith, Cecil W. Forsberg, Roberto A. Gaxiola, Thomas W. Crawford, Andrew R. Sharpley, Laura Schreeg, and Ben Chaffin

in Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter examines phosphorus demands associated with two key facets of human activities: food production and renewable biofuel production. It suggests innovative solutions for improving the ... More


Phosphorus in Urban and Agricultural Landscapes: P is for Preservation

Shelby H. Riskin, Gaston Small, Robert Mikkelsen, Genevieve Metson, Anna Bateman, James Cooper, Ola Stedje Hanserud, Philip M. Haygarth, Cecilia Laspoumaderes, Michelle McCrackin, and Sonya Remington

in Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter analyzes case studies concerning phosphorus sustainability. It looks into the argument of the maximization of appropriate local efforts with regards to phosphorus sustainability. It ... More


How MFA, Transdisciplinarity, Complex Adaptive Systems Thinking, and Education Reform Are Keys to Better Managing P: P is for Parity

Rebecca Cors, Kazuyo Matsubae, and Anita Street

in Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter enumerates research approaches that aid researchers in understanding the complex manner in which phosphorus flows through human societies. It highlights the importance of understanding ... More


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