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Disquotation

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Returning to the debate itself, does a full account of how humans use language require a correspondence theory of truth and reference? This chapter argues that disquotationalism is fully up to the ... More


The Ghost of Sendivogius: Niter, Sulfur, Fermentation, and Affinity

William R. Newman

in Newton the Alchemist

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691174877
eISBN:
9780691185033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174877.003.0021
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter builds on Newton's increasing interest in sulfur, placing his theories in the context of developments within the chymical community of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth ... More


Conversations on Chemistry: Talk about Phlogiston in the Coffee House Society, 1780–1787

Jan Golinski

in Discussing Chemistry and Steam: The Minutes of a Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515302
eISBN:
9780191705694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515302.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter explores the Society's informed debates surrounding issues of chemistry and natural philosophy in the 1780s. It details the discussions on the role of phlogiston, an entity invoked by ... More


Oxygen and the lost world of giants

David Beerling

in The Emerald Planet: How plants changed Earth's history

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192806024
eISBN:
9780191916427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192806024.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Oxygen, in its molecular form, is the second most abundant gas in our atmosphere but second to none in courting controversy. Its discovery is often credited to the ... More


Argon and the Rest

David Fisher

in Much Ado about (Practically) Nothing: A History of the Noble Gases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195393965
eISBN:
9780197562796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195393965.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

The discovery of Argon is a great example of how little bitty precise measurements of stuff everyone knows sometimes lead to tremendous leaps of basic knowledge, ... More


Philosophical Chemistry

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reports the Elementa Chemiae as both a synthetic and expanded version of all of Herman Boerhaave's previous chemistry courses. It explores Boerhaave's opinion of the work of three ... More


“Nature Is the Great Experimenter”

Thomas A. Apel

in Feverish Bodies, Enlightened Minds: Science and the Yellow Fever Controversy in the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804797405
eISBN:
9780804799638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804797405.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Chapter Three examines the investigators’ uses of the new chemistry of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier. Lavoisier’s “chemical revolution” produced a Kuhnian paradigm shift that fundamentally altered ... More


Heat: the missing piece to the puzzle

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Historians explore the various theories of heat and the invention of the thermometer that eventually served to quantify the energy related to heat.


Lavoisier and the birth of modern chemistry

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Building on the discoveries of such scientists as Priestley and Cavendish, Lavoisier invalidated the concept of phlogiston, discovered respiration to be a form of combustion, and ultimately laid the ... More


Who Got There First

John H. Lienhard

in The Engines of Our Ingenuity: An Engineer Looks at Technology and Culture

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135831
eISBN:
9780197565483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135831.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

Years ago, a curator at the Smithsonian Institution said to me, “Scientists and engineers are nutty on the subject of priority.” That was before I realized just how far-reaching that nuttiness was ... More


A very brief history of respiratory biology

Steven F. Perry, Markus Lambertz, and Anke Schmitz

in Respiratory Biology of Animals: evolutionary and functional morphology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199238460
eISBN:
9780191864056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199238460.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Developmental Biology

A better understanding of what life is and how living organisms function has always been of crucial importance to humans, but ‘biology’ as a scientific discipline is quite young, the term being ... More


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