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Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Steven Horst

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Contemporary debates in philosophy of mind‐between reductionists, dualists, nonreductive materialists, and eliminativists‐have been based upon the perception that mental phenomena like consciousness ... More


Philosophy of Science after Feminism

Janet A. Kourany

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732623
eISBN:
9780199866403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

The goal of Philosophy of Science after Feminism is not only a (descriptively and normatively) more adequate philosophy of science than what we have now, but also a more socially engaged and socially ... More


The Demise of Reductionism in Philosophy of Science

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the widespread assumptions that intertheoretic reductions are common in the natural sciences and that reducibility serves as a kind of normative constraint upon the legitimacy ... More


The Legacy of Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Science

Janet A. Kourany

in Philosophy of Science after Feminism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732623
eISBN:
9780199866403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732623.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter explores the twentieth-century roots of contemporary philosophy of science and its penchant for dealing with science as if science existed in a social/political/economic vacuum. It ... More


The Prospects for Philosophy of Science in the Twenty-First Century

Janet A. Kourany

in Philosophy of Science after Feminism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732623
eISBN:
9780199866403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732623.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter takes up the fundamental questions that remain regarding the political approach’s ideal of socially responsible science. In particular, how can the ideal of socially responsible science ... More


Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The main focus of the book is the presentation of the inertial view of population growth. This view provides a rather simple model for complex population dynamics, and is achieved at the level of the ... More


Reductionism and Eliminativism Reconsidered

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the implications of recent philosophy of science for reductionism. The motivations for both normative and positive forms of reductionism are grounded in the assumptions that ... More


Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Daniel Steel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The biological and social sciences often generalize causal conclusions from one context to others that may differ in some relevant respects, as is illustrated by inferences from animal models to ... More


 The Philosophy of Freedom: 1938–1947

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The Second World War gave Polanyi time and incentive to write about the foundations of freedom in economics, scientific inquiry, and socio-political organization. He felt that developing a ... More


Kant and the Sciences

Eric Watkins (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195133059
eISBN:
9780199786169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Kant’s contributions to the central problems of philosophy — metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics — have received considerable attention. What is far less studied is his interest in the ... More


What is Science?

Robin Feldman

in The Role of Science in Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368581
eISBN:
9780199867455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368581.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter highlights key moments in which science emerges and separates from other types of intellectual inquiry. In particular, it focuses on three periods of history that are critical to the ... More


Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Robert W. Proctor and E.J. Capaldi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This book attempts to describe the influence of psychological processes on the creation of science. Although implicit processes have attracted some attention, most prior work in this area has ... More


A Feminist Primer for Philosophers of Science

Janet A. Kourany

in Philosophy of Science after Feminism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732623
eISBN:
9780199866403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732623.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter begins with a review of some of the most pressing problems women confront in society today and goes on to explore the role of science in perpetuating and adding to these problems. In an ... More


Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science

E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

There has always been a close association between psychology and the philosophy of science. Although some individuals over the past 200 years have suggested that psychology had little to offer ... More


The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695270
eISBN:
9780191731945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

Can those who appreciate the explanatory power of modern science still believe in traditional religious accounts of the nature and purpose of the universe? This book is intended for those who care ... More


Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Sharon L. Crasnow and Anita M. Superson (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Philosophy is by its very nature a critical discipline. Due to its critical nature, all philosophy is progressive, building on the lessons of the past, offering new ways of thinking about the present ... More


 Is Logical Empiricism Committed to the Ideal of Value‐Free Science?

John T. Roberts

in Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308969
eISBN:
9780199867608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308969.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that logical empiricism is (implicitly) committed to rejecting the ideal of value-free science. Section 7.2 explains the meaning of the logical empiricist approach to philosophy ... More


Science, Truth, and Democracy

Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145830
eISBN:
9780199833344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145836.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What should be the goal of science in a democratic society? Some say, to attain the truth; others deny the possibility (or even the intelligibility) of truth‐seeking. Science, Truth, and Democracy ... More


Cognitive Pluralism and Naturalism

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This final chapter returns to the topic of naturalism, exploring the implications of Cognitive Pluralism for naturalism. The answer depends on the type of “naturalism” that is in question. In ... More


The Analytic Tradition, Radical (Feminist) Interpretation, and the Hygiene Hypothesis

Sharyn Clough

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In analytic philosophy of science, political interests are viewed as a negative influence on science. I present an epidemiological case study concerning the “hygiene hypothesis” and argue that the ... More


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