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Philosophy of Medicine

Alex Broadbent

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190612139
eISBN:
9780190612177
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612139.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Philosophy of Medicine seeks to answer two questions: (1) what is medicine? and (2) what should we think of it? The first question is motivated by the observation that medicine has existed and ... More


Our Alleviation Bias: Why Do We Value Alleviating Harm More than Preventing Harm?

Halley S. Faust

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It would seem that preventing harm is the superior value over alleviating harm – little disruption from normal life, suffering, repair, or rehabilitation occurs if harm is prevented, whereas waiting ... More


The Value of Consciousness in Medicine

Diane O’ Leary

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Mind Volume 1

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198845850
eISBN:
9780191880995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845850.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

generally accept that medicine’s conceptual and ethical foundations are grounded in recognition of personhood. With patients in vegetative state, however, we’ve understood that the ethical ... More


Contemporary Accounts of Health

Elselijn Kingma

in Health: A History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780199916429
eISBN:
9780190921293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199916429.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Contemporary philosophers of medicine have wrestled with the difficulty of defining health, and even over the basic question of whether this is a normative or descriptive concept. Both approaches ... More


Herder: Physiology and Philosophical Anthropology

Stefanie Buchenau

in Herder: Philosophy and Anthropology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198779650
eISBN:
9780191824708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779650.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This paper focuses on Herder’s contribution to the development of philosophical anthropology by seeing Herder’s philosophy as a response to recent discoveries in medicine and physiology. The major ... More


Introduction

Mary Ann G. Cutter

in Thinking Through Breast Cancer: A Philosophical Exploration of Diagnosis, Treatment, and Survival

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190637033
eISBN:
9780190637064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637033.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter considers a number of reasons to reflect on how breast cancer is understood in Western medicine. These include that breast cancer serves as a prominent nosology and nosography in ... More


Subversion

Danielle Spencer

in Metagnosis: Revelatory Narratives of Health and Identity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780197510766
eISBN:
9780197510797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510766.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the second stage of the metagnostic narrative arc: subversion. Following the conception of a metagnostic revelation as both recognition and misrecognition, it examines the ways ... More


The Probability Dysfunction

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter moves toward a fundamental conceptual reorientation of disorder around risk by engaging directly the three major competing theories within the philosophy of medicine, those of Boorse, ... More


Medical Nihilism

Jacob Stegenga

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198747048
eISBN:
9780191809170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747048.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book defends medical nihilism, which is the view that we should have little confidence in the effectiveness of medical interventions. If we consider the frequency of failed medical ... More


Phenomenology of Illness

Havi Carel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199669653
eISBN:
9780191829925
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669653.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The experience of illness is a universal and substantial part of human existence. Like death, illness raises important philosophical issues. But unlike death, illness, and in particular the ... More


Thinking Through Breast Cancer: A Philosophical Exploration of Diagnosis, Treatment, and Survival

Mary Ann G. Cutter

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190637033
eISBN:
9780190637064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637033.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Anyone who has been diagnosed with breast cancer or is acquainted with someone who has been diagnosed with breast cancer knows that cancer raises a host of questions concerning its nature, how we ... More


A Way Forward: Systematizing Uncertainty Tolerance

Paul K.J. Han

in Uncertainty in Medicine: A Framework for Tolerance

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190270582
eISBN:
9780190270612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190270582.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 6 concludes the book by offering a vision for how to promote uncertainty tolerance in medicine. It identifies various system-level strategies, spanning medical care, education, and research, ... More


Uncertainty in Medicine: A Framework for Tolerance

Paul K.J. Han

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190270582
eISBN:
9780190270612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190270582.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book offers a multidimensional, multidisciplinary perspective on the challenging problem of uncertainty in medicine. Adopting a textbook approach to the problem, it analyzes the nature, ... More


Introduction: The Challenge of Uncertainty in Medicine

Paul K.J. Han

in Uncertainty in Medicine: A Framework for Tolerance

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190270582
eISBN:
9780190270612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190270582.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 1 introduces the topic of medical uncertainty and discusses its importance in human life. It argues that medical uncertainty is a critically important but historically neglected experience of ... More


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