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Wittgenstein's Private Language: Grammar, Nonsense and Imagination in “Philosophical Investigations”, §§ 243–315

Stephen Mulhall

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199208548
eISBN:
9780191709067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208548.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a detailed critical commentary on sections 243-315 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: the famous remarks on ‘private language’. It makes detailed use of Stanley ... More


Introduction

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Frege's work is set in the context of its enormous subsequent influence on 20th-century philosophy. Associations with the term ‘analytic philosophy’ are discussed and criticized. Frege's influence on ... More


Rethinking Self‐Interpretation

Garry L. Hagberg

in Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses autobiographical memory and the pictures of the mind (e.g., as a repository of ideas) it can promote. It also details the long-engrained picture of the theatre of ... More


Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Tyler Burge

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book is made up of an introductory chapter, ten historical/philosophical chapters on Frege, and four postscripts to the chapters. The topics are divided into the three areas of the book's title: ... More


Self‐Interest and Public Interest

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Provides some theoretical approaches to the subsequent chapters. In particular, it reflects on the ways in which different sub‐disciplines approach the question of whether any grounds exist for the ... More


Introduction

David G. Stern

in Wittgenstein on Mind and Language

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195080001
eISBN:
9780199786145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195080009.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Unlike most books on Wittgenstein, Wittgenstein on Mind and Language begins from the initial articulation of his thoughts in his first drafts, conversations, and lectures, and attends closely to the ... More


The Meaning of Scripture

Susan James

in Spinoza on Philosophy, Religion, and Politics: The Theologico-Political Treatise

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698127
eISBN:
9780191740558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698127.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The first six chapters of the Treatise explicate the revealed teaching of the Bible, focusing on what it does not require. The middle section of the work now challenges the views of the Reformed ... More


Maxwell, Matter, and Method: Maxwellian Methodology, Methodological Maxwellianism, and Methods of Historical and Philosophical Speculation

Jordi Cat

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines Achinstein's historical and philosophical speculations about Maxwell's natural philosophy, and their role as evidence for Achinstein's more general philosophical speculations. ... More


Who Is Included?: Intersectionality, Metaphors, and the Multiplicity of Gender

Ann Garry

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Both traditional philosophy and feminist philosophy stand to gain in richness, inclusivity, and applicability to real life by reflecting intersectional analyses in their theories. I encourage such ... More


Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

C. W. A. Whitaker

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The De Interpretatione is one of Aristotle's core works, containing highly influential analyses of the basic elements of language and the nature of truth and falsehood, as well as the famous ... More


What Philosophy Might Be

Hilary Kornblith

in Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The investigation carried out in this book is an example of a thoroughly empirical philosophical project. It is argued that this naturalistic conception of philosophy is continuous with much of the ... More


The Myth of the Intuitive: Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Method

Max Deutsch

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028950
eISBN:
9780262327374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028950.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a defense of the methods of analytic philosophy against a recent empirical challenge to the soundness of those methods. The challenge is raised by practitioners of “experimental ... More


Investigating Knowledge Itself

Hilary Kornblith

in Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophical investigations in general, and epistemological investigations in particular, typically begin with conceptual analysis. It is argued that an analysis of our concept of knowledge is no ... More


Construction and Analysis

P. F. Strawson

in Philosophical Writings

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587292
eISBN:
9780191728747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587292.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Two methods have been of dominant importance in post-war philosophizing. One involves turning away from the forms of common speech, while preserving much of the apparatus of the original programme of ... More


Sages and Cranks: The Difficulty of Identifying First-Rate Philosophers

Katrina Hutchison

in Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199325603
eISBN:
9780199369317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199325603.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Why are women underrepresented in philosophy? Meditating on Quine’s comment that the “separation of philosophers into sages and cranks seems to be more sensitive to frames of reference [than in other ... More


What Good Are Our Intuitions?: Philosophical Analysis and Social Kinds

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In debates over the existence and nature of social kinds such as “race” and “gender”, philosophers often rely heavily on our intuitions about the nature of the kind. Following this strategy, ... More


Carnap and the Caterpillar

Kitcher Philip

in Preludes to Pragmatism: Toward a Reconstruction of Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199899555
eISBN:
9780199980154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899555.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter shows how Carnap's conception of the proper goals and methods of philosophy can be used to support a pragmatist critique of some current tendencies in the philosophy of science. Carnap ... More


Kant, Wolff, and the Method of Philosophy

Gabriele Gava

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, Volume VIII

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198829294
eISBN:
9780191867880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829294.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Both in his pre-critical writings and in his critical works, Kant criticizes the Wolffian tradition for its use of the mathematical method in philosophy. The chapter argues that the apparent ... More


Women in Philosophy: Why Should We Care?

Marilyn Friedman

in Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199325603
eISBN:
9780199369317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199325603.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This paper explores whether philosophy or women would benefit if women participated in philosophy in equal numbers to men. After reviewing the problem of women’s underrepresentation in professional ... More


Hart as a Political Philosopher

John Finnis

in Philosophy of Law: Collected Essays Volume IV

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580088
eISBN:
9780191729409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580088.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

After a brief appreciation of Hart's life and virtues, this chapter contrasts his legal-theoretical work with conceptions of method and political philosophy dominant between 1945 and 1960. Hart's ... More


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