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The Clandestine Philosophical Manuscripts

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0036
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

The diffusion of forbidden philosophical literature in manuscript, for the most part in French, immeasurably furthered the spread of radical thought in late 17th- and early 18th-century Europe. ... More


Well-Being and Interpersonal Comparisons

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Drawing from the philosophical literature, this chapter offers an analysis of well-being in terms of fully informed, fully rational, extended preferences. This account is preferentialist, but it does ... More


Men, Animals, Plants, and Fossils: French Hylozoic Matérialisme before Diderot

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0028
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Early Enlightenment French clandestine philosophical literature. The clandestine manuscripts exerted their greatest impact during the 1720s and 1730s, when two rival ... More


Maimonides’ Knowledge of the Philosophical Literature in his Later Period

Herbert A. Davidson

in Maimonides the Rationalist

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113584
eISBN:
9781800340077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113584.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the extent to which the evidence bears out the expectation that Maimonides has developed a greater familiarity with philosophical literature in his later years. It begins with ... More


Causal Explanation

Rowland Stout

in Things That Happen Because They Should: A Teleological Approach to Action

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240631
eISBN:
9780191680212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240631.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Three reasons are used to interpolate a chapter on causal explanation into a book about agency. First, the book claims that both the Argument from False Beliefs and the Argument from the Impotence of ... More


Maimonides’ Knowledge of the Philosophical Literature in his Rabbinic Period

Herbert A. Davidson

in Maimonides the Rationalist

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113584
eISBN:
9781800340077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113584.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter looks at how Maimonides incorporates philosophy into his works. Although a number of Maimonides' references to philosophers and philosophy cannot be traced, certain conclusions can be ... More


Philosophers and Savages

Ter Ellingson

in The Myth of the Noble Savage

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222687
eISBN:
9780520925922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222687.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In the philosophical literature of the eighteenth century, we find that, just as in the ethnographic literature, Rousseau's work does not form a watershed dividing more negative from more positive ... More


Introduction

Pamela Hieronymi

in Freedom, Resentment, and the Metaphysics of Morals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691194035
eISBN:
9780691200972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691194035.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter covers the philosophical literature on the problem of free will and moral responsibility. It sketches the basic, intuitive problem and explains some terms, such as determinism, ... More


The Friend as Another Self

in Philosophy and Friendship

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748617272
eISBN:
9780748652358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748617272.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter considers the nature of our identification with and attachment to the other in friendship. It examines the nature of the choice we make in befriending another person by reviewing ... More


Is there a Jewish Philosophy?

Leon Roth

in Is There a Jewish Philosophy?: Rethinking Fundamentals

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774556
eISBN:
9781800340824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774556.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter briefly explores the question of whether or not there is a Jewish philosophy. It first attempts to define what is meant by the phrase specifically and reviews extant scholarship on the ... More


Fictional Characters, Real Problems: The Search for Ethical Content in Literature

Garry L. Hagberg (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198715719
eISBN:
9780191783395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715719.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This book brings together eighteen chapters written by an international team of philosophers and literary scholars investigating the ethical content of literature. Here, we see some fundamental ways ... More


Introduction

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Lost Age of Reason: Philosophy in Early Modern India 1450-1700

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199218745
eISBN:
9780191809774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199218745.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This introductory chapter provides a background to significances of new philosophical ideas in 16th- and 17th-century India and discusses issues that constitute the essential foundations of the new ... More


Fictional Objects

Stuart Brock and Anthony Everett (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198735595
eISBN:
9780191799631
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735595.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The essays in this collection aim to make sense of our talk about fictional characters, and more generally about fictional objects. The chapters in this volume take a variety of different ... More


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