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Comparison and Assessment

Morwenna Ludlow

in Universal Salvation: Eschatology in the Thought of Gregory of Nyssa and Karl Rahner

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270225
eISBN:
9780191600661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270224.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

In answer to the question ‘will all be saved?’, the final chapter suggests a third possible idea of universalist hope that lies between Gregory's predictive and Rahner's paradoxical ideas of hope. In ... More


Natura Vicaria Dei

Hugh White

in Nature, Sex, and Goodness in a Medieval Literary Tradition

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187301
eISBN:
9780191674693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187301.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

The 12th-century texts considered in this chapter offers images of Nature which in some respects differ. The Architrenius' Nature perhaps has the widest competence and the greatest moral efficacy, ... More


The New Comic Ethos: Social and Aesthetic Premisses

Anthony Close

in Cervantes and the Comic Mind of his Age

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198159988
eISBN:
9780191673733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159988.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the implications of the socio-genetic and ideological factors that brought about the evolution of Spanish attitudes towards comic fiction for three Spanish writings published ... More


Paradigms of ‘Women’ in Discourses on Philosophia

Joan E. Taylor

in Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199291410
eISBN:
9780191700637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291410.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

Philo wished to present a group of extreme allegorizers as living the bios theoretikos: Jewish men and women living a philosophical lifestyle more excellent than any known in the Graeco-Roman world. ... More


Aristotle

ALAN SCOTT

in Origen and the Life of the Stars: A History of an Idea

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263616
eISBN:
9780191682612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263616.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Aristotle's view of the nature and religious function of the stars. In the De Caelo, he believes that a series of concentric spheres are responsible for heavenly movement. ... More


The Identity Crisis of Philosophy

Frederick C. Beiser

in After Hegel: German Philosophy, 1840-1900

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163093
eISBN:
9781400852536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163093.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the “identity crisis” suffered by philosophers beginning in the 1840s, the decade after Hegel's death. They could no longer define their discipline in the traditional terms ... More


Non-Academic Philosophia: Varieties of Philosophical Experience in the Fourth Century

Christopher Moore

in Calling Philosophers Names: On the Origin of a Discipline

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195056
eISBN:
9780691197425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195056.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter addresses non-academic uses of philosophia in the fourth century BCE, which provides the background against which one can understand Heraclides' use of the term. It shows how philosophia ... More


Plato’s Saving of the Appearances: Radical Revision or Explanatory Reconstruction?

Christopher Moore

in Calling Philosophers Names: On the Origin of a Discipline

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195056
eISBN:
9780691197425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195056.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter confronts the use of philosophia by Heraclides' teacher, Plato. It shows that across his dialogues, Plato treats philosophia as a term in common parlance, and thus that he is, in effect, ... More


What is the philosophy of information?

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter outlines the historical emergence of the philosophy of information (PI). It defines PI as the new philosophical field concerned with (a) the critical investigation of the conceptual ... More


Epilogue: Contemporary Philosophy and the History of the Discipline

Christopher Moore

in Calling Philosophers Names: On the Origin of a Discipline

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195056
eISBN:
9780691197425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195056.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This concluding chapter provides a brief discussion of the relevance of this study to the way one might now think about philosophia and the history of philosophy in contemporary discussions of ... More


Philosophy in a new key – extrapolations and perspectives

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers comments on a wide variety of Scotian subjects and theories. It considers John Duns Scotus's thought as a central focus and ingredient of a main tradition of Western thought, not ... More


Introduction: The Origins of Philosophia: A History of Philosophia, Not of Philosophy

Christopher Moore

in Calling Philosophers Names: On the Origin of a Discipline

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195056
eISBN:
9780691197425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195056.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This introductory chapter presents a brief overview of the history of philosophia—the Greek name, and the discipline that it came to name. It shows that, beginning around 500 BCE, the coinage of a ... More


Socrates’s Prosecution as Philosophos: Did Socrates Exemplify the Philosophos?

Christopher Moore

in Calling Philosophers Names: On the Origin of a Discipline

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195056
eISBN:
9780691197425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195056.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter turns to a fifth-century BCE figure as yet unmentioned, but whose importance to the later understanding of philosophia cannot be underestimated: Socrates. Many scholars believe that ... More


Aristotle’s Historiography of Philosophia: The Idea of the Discipline Named Philosophia

Christopher Moore

in Calling Philosophers Names: On the Origin of a Discipline

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195056
eISBN:
9780691197425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195056.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter proceeds from the belief that Heraclides' Pythagoras story implies a historical account of the development of the discipline of philosophia. It describes the rise of this historiography ... More


Ambivalence about Philosophia beyond the Discipline: The Evidence of Heraclides’s Protreptic Story

Christopher Moore

in Calling Philosophers Names: On the Origin of a Discipline

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195056
eISBN:
9780691197425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195056.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on a set of fourth-century BCE cultural attitudes about philosophia different and on average later than those on which Chapter 7 focused. This set serves expressly as context and ... More


“Copernicus is the Son of Satan.” The First Jewish Rejections of Copernicus

Jeremy Brown

in New Heavens and a New Earth: The Jewish Reception of Copernican Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199754793
eISBN:
9780199345083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754793.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the first Jewish rejections of Copernicus. It opens with Fernando Cardoso (1604-1683) who was born in born in Portugal and raised as a Catholic, but ended his life living in ... More


The Contingency of Philosophical Problems

Joanne Waugh and Roger Ariew

in Philosophy and Its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199857142
eISBN:
9780199345427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857142.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This paper has two parts. The first focuses on two twentieth-century discussions about Descartes and Leibniz, discussions that reflect two of the central myths of philosophy: that the problems of ... More


Early Years (1802–1840)

Frederick C. Beiser

in Late German Idealism: Trendelenburg and Lotze

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682959
eISBN:
9780191763090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682959.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 2 is an account of Trendelenburg’s intellectual development from his early years in Eutin until his professorship in Berlin. It discusses the early influences on Trendelenburg and ... More


Faith and Nature

María M. Portuondo

in The Spanish Disquiet: The Biblical Natural Philosophy of Benito Arias Montano

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226592268
eISBN:
9780226609096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226609096.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Arias Montano’s magnum opus drew from two genres that were vehicles for discussions about the relationship between the revealed Word, the study of nature and the purpose of natural philosophy: ... More


Conclusions

Michael Bland Simmons

in Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity: Porphyry of Tyre and the Pagan-Christian Debate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190202392
eISBN:
9780190202415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202392.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Christianity blended particularism and universalism more effectively and seems to have begun to win over the masses at the critical moment of crisis in their collective history when a search for ... More


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