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The Philosophes

Ernest Campbell Mossner

in The Life of David Hume

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243365
eISBN:
9780191697241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243365.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

One of the first philosophes that David Hume met at Paris, the German-born Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach, was devoting all his efforts and his great wealth to the interests of the arts and ... More


Embassy Secretary

Ernest Campbell Mossner

in The Life of David Hume

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243365
eISBN:
9780191697241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243365.003.0034
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

If David Hume spent much of his time in Paris wining and dining in high society, frequenting the feminine salons and the masculine gatherings of the philosophes, he was yet able to carry on his ... More


Music and the French Enlightenment: Rameau and the Philosophes in Dialogue

Cynthia Verba

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199381029
eISBN:
9780199381043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381029.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This revised edition sustains its original goal of reconstructing the musical dialogue in which Rameau was engaged with some of the leading thinkers of the French Enlightenment. It was a prolonged ... More


Epilogue

Margaret C. Jacob

in The Secular Enlightenment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691161327
eISBN:
9780691189123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161327.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the Enlightenment in the 1790s. By 1790, the writings of the philosophes, new enlightened attitudes among the educated, and the expansion of secular space and time seemed like ... More


Introduction: Feynman’s Blocks

Jennifer Coopersmith

in Energy, the Subtle Concept: The discovery of Feynman's blocks from Leibniz to Einstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716747
eISBN:
9780191800955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716747.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The book aims to explain the concept of energy through the history of its emergence, and to show that there have been many profound intellectual revolutions before those of quantum mechanics and ... More


From Liberalism to Liberty: Natural Rights in the French Enlightenment

Dan Edelstein

in On the Spirit of Rights

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226588988
eISBN:
9780226589039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226589039.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

In France, with the exception of the exiled Huguenots, natural rights were rarely discussed before 1750. Even then, their revival at the hands of the philosophes was slow and weak. Stylistically, the ... More


Introduction: Philosophes vs Philosophers

Gary Gutting

in Thinking the Impossible: French Philosophy Since 1960

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199227037
eISBN:
9780191809781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199227037.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This introductory chapter addresses the distinction between philosophes and philosophers. ‘Philosophes’ is the French word for ‘philosophers’ and it refers to the intellectuals of the ... More


Dante and Autobiography in the Age of Voltaire

Joseph Luzzi

in Romantic Europe and the Ghost of Italy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300123555
eISBN:
9780300151787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300123555.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter begins with a remark made by Voltaire in Lettres philosophiques regarding Dante's readership in Europe: that “nobody reads Dante anymore in Europe.” A closer look at the literature of ... More


Music as Science: The Contribution of d’Alembert

Cynthia Verba

in Music and the French Enlightenment: Rameau and the Philosophes in Dialogue

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199381029
eISBN:
9780199381043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381029.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western

There was considerable agreement among the philosophes that Rameau had achieved a breakthrough in music theory precisely because of his application of scientific principles. Despite this consensus, ... More


Berlin and Vienna

Margaret C. Jacob

in The Secular Enlightenment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691161327
eISBN:
9780691189123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161327.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This epilogue argues that the meaning of the Enlightenment resides in political structures and personal transformations that emerged in the course of the eighteenth century. These are most visible in ... More


In Search of a Father: Voltaire’s Christian Enlightenment

Dominic Erdozain

in The Soul of Doubt: The Religious Roots of Unbelief from Luther to Marx

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199844616
eISBN:
9780190267384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844616.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that the Enlightenment critique of Christianity was not the product of Newtonian science or Cartesian rationalism but of a dynamic account of conscience, developed by thinkers ... More


Reason and Utility in French Religious Apologetics

Anton Matytsin

in God in the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190267070
eISBN:
9780190267100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190267070.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores the transformation in the form and content of religious apologetic works in eighteenth-century France. Despite the growing polarization of the intellectual climate, the critics ... More


The Académie and Its Dictionaries under the Old Regime

Michael P. Fitzsimmons

in The Place of Words: The Académie Française and Its Dictionary during an Age of Revolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190644536
eISBN:
9780190644567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644536.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

Because of criticism of its dictionary, the Académie decided to revise the work rather than begin work on a grammar. It adhered to this pattern throughout the eighteenth century and produced new ... More


Conclusion: English Exceptionalism

L. W. B. Brockliss

in The University of Oxford: A History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199243563
eISBN:
9780191778698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243563.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The conclusion to Part II charts the changes that occurred to the university system on the continent following the philosophes’ attack on the pointlessness of studying Latin and Greek, the ... More


Anthropological Medicine

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Natural and the Human: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1739–1841

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757634
eISBN:
9780191817366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757634.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The médecins philosophes aimed to offer a general account of the interconnections between the realms of the physical, the mental/intellectual, and the emotions. The resolutely naturalistic approach ... More


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