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Fontenelle and the War of the Oracles

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0020
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (1657–1757), native of Rouen, nephew of Corneille, and star pupil of the Jesuits, was the first prominent high-society philosophe and general commentator on science, ... More


“I Resist It No Longer”: Thérèse Philosophe and the Compulsions of Enlightened Literary Materialism

Natania Meeker

in Voluptuous Philosophy: Literary Materialism in the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823226962
eISBN:
9780823240944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823226962.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The philosophical Thérèse, eponymous heroine of the novel commonly attributed to the marquis d'Argens, brings to vivid life the joys of materialist doctrine as an incitement to erotic expression. She ... More


The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

J. B. Shank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Nothing is considered more natural than the connection between Isaac Newton's science and the modernity that came into being during the eighteenth-century Enlightenment in France. Terms like ... More


Making the “Philosophe”: Voltaire's Newtonianism and the Scandal of Lettres Philosophiques

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The text that triggered Voltaire's transformative initiatives was his Lettres philosophiques, which appeared in the spring of 1734 and was canonized as the first bomb thrown against the ancien ... More


The French Military Enlightenment: Figures, Forces, and Forms

Christy Pichichero

in The Military Enlightenment: War and Culture in the French Empire from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501709296
eISBN:
9781501709654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709296.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the personalities, spaces, and means of the French Military Enlightenment. Kings, royal mistresses, and war ministers explored pathways to improving martial efficacy, ... More


The Gestation of German Biology

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There is need for history of eighteenth-century biology, especially concerning German developments in that era. German approaches to the life sciences have suffered continual disparagement by ... More


French Vital Materialism

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The stimulus of French vital materialism was decisive in provoking key developments in German life-science. The paradigm shift associated with the ideas of Buffon, Maupertuis, Diderot and La Mettrie ... More


‘On that Celebrated Ground’: Equivalency in the First Volume of the Decline and Fall

Charlotte Roberts

in Edward Gibbon and the Shape of History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198704836
eISBN:
9780191789458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704836.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries)

Edward Gibbon’s History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire was written over two decades in the second half of the eighteenth century, but it is frustratingly difficult to trace the ... More


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