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The Intellectual Challenge of Morphological Evolution: A Case for Variational Structuralism

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores variational structuralism, whose core idea is that organisms and their parts play causal roles in shaping the patterns of phenotypic evolution. Drawing on the work of pioneers ... More


Adaptive Landscapes, Evolution, and the Fossil Record

Michael A. Bell

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Fitness and adaptive landscapes have theoretical limitations, but they have played a valuable role in integrating population genetics and macroevolution. Sewall Wright introduced fitness landscapes ... More


Revisiting the Phenotypic Hierarchy in Hierarchy Theory

Silvia Caianiello

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The hierarchy theory at its onset was primarily committed to vindicate the distinctness of macro-evolutionary phenomena from micro-evolutionary processes, minimizing the explanatory relevance of ... More


Host–Pathogen Evolution and Coevolution in Avian Systems

Camille Bonneaud

in Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198746249
eISBN:
9780191808852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746249.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Ornithology

The significance of studying birds and their pathogens goes far beyond the applied conservation or epidemiological implications of their interactions. Evidence suggests that avian host–pathogen ... More


Heritability, polymorphism, and population dynamics: individual-based eco-evolutionary simulations

Anna Kuparinen

in Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198838609
eISBN:
9780191874789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838609.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Contemporary evolution that occurs across ecologically relevant time scales, such as a few generations or decades, can not only change phenotypes but also feed back to demographic parameters and the ... More


Quantitative Genetics in Paleontology: Evolution in Tertiary Ostracoda

Richard A. Reyment and K.G. McKenzie

in Computers in Geology - 25 Years of Progress

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085938
eISBN:
9780197560525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085938.003.0018
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

The applied science of quantitative genetics has a fairly long history in animal husbandry. In its original form, as developed mainly in the hands of D.S. Falconer, there was little obvious ... More


The rapid evolution of gene expression

Carlo G. Artieri

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Interspecific comparisons of gene expression patterns have shown that much variability exists in the rates of divergence among loci. Furthermore, divergence rates within loci vary depending on the ... More


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