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Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Daniel Stoljar

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book advances a novel way to resolve the central philosophical problem about the mind: how it is that consciousness or experience fits into a larger naturalistic picture of the world. The ... More


Consciousness and the Frustrations of Physicalism

Philip Pettit

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sketches what is considered the best interpretation of physicalism, rehearses the best way of defending it, and shows that the physicalism forthcoming is still going to be less than ... More


A Systems‐Based Teleofunctional Theory of Consciousness

Craig Delancey

in Passionate Engines: What Emotions Reveal about the Mind and Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142716
eISBN:
9780199833153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142713.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A theory of the relation between phenomenal experience and body states is introduced that solves the puzzles discussed in Ch. 9. Using a systems‐based theory of teleofunctions (or biological ... More


Phenomenal experience and functionalism

Anthony J. Marcel

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is about consciousness as phenomenal experience. Its contention is that reference to consciousness in psychological science is demanded, legitimate, and necessary. It is demanded since ... More


Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Gary Hatfield and Sarah Allred (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Seeing happens effortlessly and yet is endlessly complex. Among the most fascinating aspects of visual perception is its stability and constancy. As we shift our gaze or move about the world, the ... More


Why the Question of Animal Consciousness Might not Matter Very Much

Peter Carruthers

in Consciousness: Essays from a Higher-Order Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199277360
eISBN:
9780191602597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199277362.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Argues that all of the behaviours that we share with non-human animals can, and should, be explained in terms of the first-order, non-phenomenal, contents of our experiences. So, although we do have ... More


The Nature of Perception

John Foster

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237693.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Within the framework of a realist view of the physical world, there are two general theories of the nature of perception. The first is strong direct realism (SDR). This accepts a realist view of the ... More


Acquaintance and Essence

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Our Knowledge of the Internal World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199545995
eISBN:
9780191719929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545995.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops and further criticizes the foundationalist conception of intentionality. The focus is on a cluster of theses defended by David Lewis concerning singular or de re thought, the ... More


Introduction

John Foster

in The Nature of Perception

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237693.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

We are still provisionally assuming the truth of physical realism. Within this realist framework, the rejection of SDR obliges us to accept the broad representative theory (BRT). This claims that, ... More


Overcoming the ‘Explanatory Gap’ and the ‘Phenomenal’ Resistance

Geeta Ramana

in Human Action, Consciousness, and Problems of Representation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198097266
eISBN:
9780199082766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198097266.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The explanatory gap with respect to the problem of consciousness has had many responses and some of them are examined in this chapter. This is important since it helps in grappling with the nature of ... More


Phenomenal Experience: A Cartesian Theater Revival

Joseph Levine

in Quality and Content: Essays on Consciousness, Representation, and Modality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198800088
eISBN:
9780191839863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198800088.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper presents a sketch of a theory of phenomenal consciousness, one that builds on the notion of a “way of appearing,” and draws out various consequences and problems for the view. I ... More


Quining qualia

Daniel C. Dennett

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

‘Qualia’ is an unfamiliar term for something that could not be more familiar to everyone. This chapter examines the origin and coherence of a certain candidate notion of qualia. Qualia are supposed ... More


Radicalizing Enactivism: Basic Minds without Content

Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018548
eISBN:
9780262312172
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018548.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Most of what humans do and experience is best understood in terms of dynamically unfolding interactions with the environment. Many philosophers and cognitive scientists now acknowledge the critical ... More


Illusory Looks

Kathrin Glüer

in Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190946302
eISBN:
9780190946333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946302.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

One debate the Pyrrhonian skeptics had with the Epicureans concerned the relation between sense perceptions and beliefs. The debate centers on the Epicurean claim that all perceptions are true, a ... More


The (haunted) brain and consciousness

Edoardo Bisiach

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter accepts the subjective qualitative aspect of phenomenal experience as valid, but takes radically different positions on its place in psychology. It specifies three types of usage of the ... More


Consciousness, Culture, and Significance

Christoph Durt

in Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture: Investigating the Constitution of the Shared World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035552
eISBN:
9780262337120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035552.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter offers a new view on consciousness and culture by investigating their relation to significance. Against the widespread restriction of consciousness to phenomenal aspects and that of ... More


Linking learning and consciousness: the self-organizing consciousness (SOC) model

Pierre Perruchet and Annie Vinter

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The literature on consciousness usually makes no reference to learning. Consciousness is usually construed as making accessible the end-product of the unconscious computations involved during ... More


Consciousness in science and philosophy: conscience and con-science

Richard L. Gregory

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains that recourse to the brain is a possible solution to the old problem of whether it is conceivable that a person could know another person's private phenomenal experience. It ... More


Anti-Individualism, Self-Knowledge, and Epistemic Possibility: Further Reflections on a Puzzle about Doubt

Gary Ebbs

in Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199590728
eISBN:
9780191725456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590728.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that we cannot have any justification for believing that a given description of a possible world w that is subjectively indistinguishable to us from the actual world supports ... More


The Problem of Consciousness and the Linguistic Mind

Geeta Ramana

in Human Action, Consciousness, and Problems of Representation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198097266
eISBN:
9780199082766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198097266.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter the problem of consciousness is examined along with its relation to mental phenomena. The nature of the linguistic mind is also explored to understand how the language of thought can ... More


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