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Phenomenal Unity: Closure

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The chapter examines an account of phenomenal unity that appeals to the closure of phenomenal content under conjunction—‘closure,’ for short. The chapter begins by locating closure within the context ... More


Inverted Spectra

J.T. Ismael

in The Situated Self

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195174366
eISBN:
9780199872121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174366.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the Problem of Inverted Spectra, which has been used as fuel against a number of different philosophical positions, for example, in attempts to analyze phenomenal properties in ... More


The Issue Before Us

John Foster

in The Nature of Perception

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237693.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Strong direct realism (SDR) has the resources to meet the Causal Argument from hallucination, which I once thought decisive. But it fails for a different reason. When a physical item is Φ‐terminally ... More


The Nature of Perception

John Foster

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237693.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Within the framework of a realist view of the physical world, there are two general theories of the nature of perception. The first is strong direct realism (SDR). This accepts a realist view of the ... More


Cognition

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 4 explores the epistemic role of consciousness in cognition. Section 4.1 argues that all beliefs provide epistemic justification for other beliefs. Section 4.2 contrasts beliefs with ... More


Introduction

John Foster

in The Nature of Perception

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237693.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The broad representative theory (BRT) claims that, whenever someone perceives a physical item, his perceptual contact with it is psychologically mediated, i.e. it is constituted by the combination of ... More


Experiencing Rates and Durations

Simon Prosser

in Experiencing Time

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198748946
eISBN:
9780191811579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748946.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

By considering creatures that live their lives at different paces, such as turtles, sloths, starlings, and hummingbirds, the chapter argues that subjective rates and durations are not identical with ... More


Gamma and Phenomenal Unity

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

How are neuronal mechanisms related to the phenomenal unity as manifested in phenomenal consciousness? The book proposes a “continuity-based hypothesis of phenomenal unity.” The continuity-based ... More


Phenomenal Intentionality and the Role of Intentional Objects

Frederick Kroon

in Phenomenal Intentionality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199764297
eISBN:
9780199932191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764297.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter attempts to adjudicate the disagreement between familiar realist ways of understanding intentionality and the anti-realist way favored by phenomenal intentionalists. It begins this task ... More


Perception as an Epistemic Modality

Christian Coseru

in Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199843381
eISBN:
9780199979851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843381.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

In unpacking the main tenets of Buddhist epistemology, this chapter offers a detailed analysis of perception as an epistemic modality centred on three main points: (1) the cognitive function of ... More


Eliminative Approaches to the First-Person Perspective

Lynne Rudder Baker

in Naturalism and the First-Person Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199914722
eISBN:
9780199347483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199914722.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 4 presents arguments against two accounts aimed at eliminating the first-person perspective altogether. Dennett accounts for consciousness in terms of his intentional systems theory in ... More


Why Ethics is Hard

Timothy Chappell

in Knowing What To Do: Imagination, Virtue, and Platonism in Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199684854
eISBN:
9780191765148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684854.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The thesis of this chapter is that one thing that ethics is centrally about is phenomenal contents, experience, and it’s hard to talk about experience. Much important ethical knowledge is knowledge ... More


Requirements for Conscious Representations

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter argues that brain systems must meet several 'hard' requirements to qualify as conscious, while other requirements are 'soft' in that they are important for sustaining normal, daily-life ... More


Cognitive Penetration and the Reach of Phenomenal Content

Robert Briscoe

in The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738916
eISBN:
9780191802102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738916.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter critically assesses recent arguments that acquiring the ability to categorize an object as belonging to a certain high-level kind can cause the relevant kind property to be represented ... More


Representationalism and the Transparency of Experience

Joshua Gert

in Primitive Colors: A Case Study in Neo-pragmatist Metaphysics and Philosophy of Perception

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198785910
eISBN:
9780191840579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785910.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the twin theses of representationalism and the transparency of experience. In place of standard representationalism, the chapter argues for “modest representationalism”: the ... More


Introduction: Taking the Structure of Awareness Seriously

Christian Coseru

in Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199843381
eISBN:
9780199979851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843381.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter introduces and outlines the main themes of the book: the specific view on perceptual knowledge advanced by the Buddhist epistemologists, arguments offered in support of the role that a ... More


Ockham’s Externalism

Claude Panaccio

in Intentionality, Cognition, and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823262748
eISBN:
9780823266586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262748.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Claude Panaccio shows that there was an important externalist drive in William of Ockham’s theory of language and mind in the fourteenth century. After distinguishing three different forms of ... More


When is Synaesthesia Perception?

Mohan Matthen

in Sensory Blending: On Synaesthesia and related phenomena

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199688289
eISBN:
9780191767609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199688289.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Under certain conditions, synaesthesia would properly be understood as perception, i.e. as experience that affords the subject an accurate imagistic representation of some occurrence in the world ... More


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