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Time in Ecology

Eric Post

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ecologists traditionally regard time as part of the background against which ecological interactions play out. This book argues that time should be treated as a resource used by organisms for growth, ... More


Contribution of the parent plant to dispersal

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter considers aspects of the maternal parent, other than the tissues immediately around the seed, which contribute to the distances dispersed by plant propagules. It shows how plant ... More


Life Cycle Ecophysiology of Osmia Mason Bees Used as Crop Pollinators

Jordi Bosch, Fabio Sgolastra, and William P. Kemp

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Several solitary bee species in the genus Osmia have been studied as potential pollinators of fruit trees and other early-blooming crops. Methods to manage large populations in agro-ecosystems have ... More


Migration in Odonata: a case study of Anax junius

Michael L. May and John H. Matthews

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Migration by Odonata may illuminate patterns and evolution of insect migration in general. As aquatic/aerial carnivores dragonflies differ from most migratory insects, and because they are large and ... More


Reproductive ecology and genetic variation

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter first considers the process of flowering phenology and pollination, and techniques for measuring fruit production, dispersal, and predation. It then presents methods for analysing the ... More


Life History Variation and Phenology

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter looks at examples illustrating patterns in phenological responses to observed and experimental climate change. The most commonly observed phenological response to recent climate change ... More


The Timing and Patterning of Flowering

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the factors that affect the timing and patterning of flowering, as well as the effects of different flowering patterns on pollination outcomes. Plants should flower in ways that ... More


Estimating Aboveground Net Primary Production in Grassland- and Herbaceous-Dominated Ecosystems

Alan K. Knapp, John M. Briggs, Daniel L. Childers, and Osvaldo E. Sala

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although grass- and herb-dominated ecosystems may be easier to sample for aboveground primary production than most others, a variety of challenges for standardizing approaches in different settings ... More


The vegetation

Bryan Shorrocks

in The Biology of African Savannahs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570660
eISBN:
9780191717680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570660.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The various forms of African savannah vegetation are an expression of the interactions of climate, soils, herbivores, fire, and human activities. This chapter examines each of these causes. A brief ... More


The effects of forest phenology and floristics on populations of Bornean and Sumatran orangutans: Are Sumatran forests better orangutan habitat than Bornean forests? †

Andrew J. Marshall, Marc Ancrenaz, Francis Q. Brearley, Gabriella M. Fredriksson, Nilofer Ghaffar, Matt Heydon, Simon J. Husson, Mark Leighton, Kim R. McConkey, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, John Proctor, Carel P. van Schaik, Carey P. Yeager, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

It has long been assumed that Sumatran forests are of higher quality for orangutans than Bornean forests, and that this is both the proximate and ultimate cause of many of the differences in ... More


A Framework for the Role of Time in Ecology

Eric Post

in Time in Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the role of time in ecology. Generally speaking, time is considered as a conceptual axis, much like space, along which one can measure ecological ... More


Phenological Advance, Stasis, and Delay

Eric Post

in Time in Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins by distinguishing phenology from seasonality. Phenology is defined as the study of the occurrence of phenomena in relation to time. In contrast, seasonality refers to temporal ... More


The Phenological Community

Eric Post

in Time in Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter studies how the concept of phenological community relates to the utilization of time by species that co-occur in the local assemblage. It also examines the consequences for phenological ... More


Use of Time in the Phenology of Vertical Species Interactions

Eric Post

in Time in Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the role of time in vertical species interactions. Vertically structured communities are those shaped primarily by interactions among organisms at different trophic levels. ... More


Cues and decision rules in animal migration

Silke Bauer, Bart A. Nolet, Jarl Giske, Jason W. Chapman, Susanne Åkesson, Anders Hedenström, and John M. Fryxell

in Animal Migration: A Synthesis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568994
eISBN:
9780191774676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568994.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Animals face many challenges during migration, including ‘where to go’ and ‘when to go’, for which migrants derive relevant information from proximate external (environmental) and internal ... More


Changes in migration, carry-over effects, and migratory connectivity

Roberto Ambrosini, Andrea Romano, and Nicola Saino

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Studies of the timing (phenology) of bird migration provided some of the first evidence for the effects of climate change on organisms. Since the rate of climate change is uneven across the globe, ... More


Projects and Possibilities: Lessons from Citizen Science Projects

Janis L. Dickinson and Rick Bonney (eds)

in Citizen Science: Public Participation in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449116
eISBN:
9780801463952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449116.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines four citizen science projects launched by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and other organizations. The projects have been designed with unique scientific goals, educational ... More


Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest

Gordon Frankie (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223097
eISBN:
9780520937772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223097.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The beautiful tropical dry forest of northwest Costa Rica, with its highly seasonal rainfall and diversely vegetated landscape, is disappearing even more rapidly than Costa Rica's better-known rain ... More


Flowering Phenology and Pollination Systems Diversity in the Seasonal Dry Forest

Gordon W. Frankie, William A. Haber, S. Bradleigh Vinson, Kamaljit S. Bawa, Peter S. Ronchi, and Nelson Zamora

in Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223097
eISBN:
9780520937772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223097.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on plant reproduction in the seasonal dry forest of Costa Rica. It discusses flowering phenology and pollination systems in the dry forest and compares the diversity with that of ... More


The Milieu: Field Study Sites and Habitats

Louise H. Emmons

in Tupai: A Field Study of Bornean Treeshrews

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222915
eISBN:
9780520925045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222915.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes field-study research on the habitats of treeshrews in Malaysia. About 20 percent of the mammal species of Borneo are endemic to it, including seven of its ten species of ... More


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