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Lattice QCD and nuclear physics

Sinya Aoki

in Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter consists of three parts. In the first part, Lüscher's formula, which relates the scattering phase shift to the two particle energy in finite volume, is explained. A comprehensive but ... More


Clapping Music (1972)

Steve Reich

in Writings on Music 1965–2000: 1965-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151152
eISBN:
9780199850044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151152.003.0011
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter presents Reich's account of composing Clapping Music. Clapping Music was composed out of a desire to create a piece of music that would need no instruments at all beyond the human body. ... More


Gravitational, Inertial, and Motional Effects

Helmut Rauch and Samuel A. Werner

in Neutron Interferometry 2nd Edn: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and Entanglement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712510
eISBN:
9780191780813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712510.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The first experiment in which gravity and quantum mechanics play simultaneous important roles was carried out by Colella, Overhauser, and Werner (COW). This and subsequent versions of this experiment ... More


Ecological responses of Amazonian forests to El Niño-induced surface fires

Jos Barlow and Carlos A. Peres

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Over the last twenty years the combined effects of El Niñno-induced droughts and land-use change have greatly increased the frequency of fire incidents in humid tropical forests. Despite the ... More


The Phase Shifting Pulse Gate—Four Organs—Phase Patterns—An End to Electronics (1968–70)

Steve Reich

in Writings on Music 1965–2000: 1965-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151152
eISBN:
9780199850044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151152.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter details Reich's development of the Phase Shifting Pulse Gate; musical applications of this device, including his first performance of Pulse Music in April 1969; and his composition of ... More


Flow and Free Rhythm in Talib Kweli

Mitchell Ohriner

in Flow: The Rhythmic Voice in Rap Music

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190670412
eISBN:
9780190670443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670412.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Popular

Throughout his career, Talib Kweli has been called an “off-beat rapper.” Despite that highly derogatory comment, this chapter connects Kweli’s non-alignment with the underlying beat to earlier ... More


Consequences to Reefs of Changing Environmental Stress

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

A stable state in a healthy reef is a dynamic equilibrium, maintained by interactions between the different trophic groups and by a balance between growth and erosion from weather and eroding ... More


Neutron Interactions and the Coherent Scattering Lengths

Helmut Rauch and Samuel A. Werner

in Neutron Interferometry 2nd Edn: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and Entanglement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712510
eISBN:
9780191780813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712510.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Neutron scattering lengths describe the neutron–nucleus interaction and are used as basic input parameters for many neutron scattering experiments in condensed matter physics. They are isotope and ... More


Introduction

Helmut Rauch and Samuel A. Werner

in Neutron Interferometry 2nd Edn: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and Entanglement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712510
eISBN:
9780191780813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712510.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Electromagnetic optical phenomena are generally understood via Maxwell’s equations for the electric and magnetic vector fields. Neutron optical phenomena are based upon de Broglie matter waves and ... More


Single Spherical and Cylindrical Boundaries

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents important results obtained for the Casimir effect in the presence of spherical and cylindrical shells with various boundary conditions. It also includes the Casimir effect for a ... More


Scattering in three dimensions

Efstratios Manousakis

in Practical Quantum Mechanics: Modern Tools and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749349
eISBN:
9780191813474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749349.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses scattering in three spatial dimensions. It introduces the concepts of the scattering amplitude and cross-section. The chapter discusses the Born approximation and how to ... More


Improvisation, Two Variations on a Watermelon, and a New Timeline for Piano Phase

David Chapman

in Rethinking Reich

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190605285
eISBN:
9780190605315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190605285.003.0011
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Steve Reich’s Piano Phase (1967) represents a pivotal moment in the composer’s creative practice. With this keyboard duet, the composer felt that he had successfully translated his phase-shifting ... More


Atom–atom scattering

M. S. Child

in Semiclassical Mechanics with Molecular Applications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199672981
eISBN:
9780191783227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672981.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Atom–atom scattering, as outlined by Ford and Wheeler, was the stimulus for later semiclassical advances. The equation, χ(E,l)=2(∂η/∂l), linking the classical deflection function to the derivative of ... More


“Machine Fantasies into Human Events”: Reich and Technology in the 1970s

Kerry O’Brien

in Rethinking Reich

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190605285
eISBN:
9780190605315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190605285.003.0015
Subject:
Music, History, Western

For most of 1968 and early 1969, Steve Reich devised and constructed his Phase Shifting Pulse Gate, a machine he designed along with an engineer. However, after only two performances Reich abandoned ... More


Phase integral approximations

M. S. Child

in Semiclassical Mechanics with Molecular Applications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199672981
eISBN:
9780191783227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672981.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Phase integral approximations express the quantum wavefunction in terms of the classical action integral, S(x)=∫p(x)dx.The main aim of the chapter is to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the ... More


The WKB(J) Approximation Revisited

John A. Adam

in Rays, Waves, and Scattering: Topics in Classical Mathematical Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691148373
eISBN:
9781400885404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148373.003.0022
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter reexamines the WKB(J) approximation and applies it to some simple one-dimensional potentials, with a focus on the case of a triangular barrier. It first considers the connection formulas ... More


The Classical-to-Semiclassical Connection

John A. Adam

in Rays, Waves, and Scattering: Topics in Classical Mathematical Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691148373
eISBN:
9781400885404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148373.003.0021
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter discusses the connection between the classical and semiclassical domains of scattering. Scattering phenomena may be described via three regimes: the scattering of waves by objects with ... More


Consequences to reefs of changing environmental stress

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, Graham M. Pilling, and Nicholas A. J. Graham

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198787341
eISBN:
9780191829420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787341.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

A stable state in a healthy reef is a dynamic equilibrium which is maintained by interactions between different trophic groups and by a balance between growth and erosion, which is caused by weather ... More


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