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Phase separation in soft matter: the concept of dynamic asymmetry

H. Tanaka

in Soft Interfaces: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 98, July 2012

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789352
eISBN:
9780191831201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789352.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In this article, we review the basic physics of viscoelastic phase separation including fracture phase separation. We show that with an increase in the ratio of the deformation rate of phase ... More


Effective Theories for Ostwald Ripening

Barbara Niethammer

in Analysis and Stochastics of Growth Processes and Interface Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239252
eISBN:
9780191716911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239252.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Analysis

This chapter discusses the derivation and analysis of reduced models for a coarsening process known as Ostwald ripening, which is a paradigm for statistical self-similarity in coarsening systems. The ... More


POSITIVE IONS IN NORMAL LIQUID 3HE FOR T < 1 K

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The positive ion mobility in normal liquid 3He at low temperatures has long puzzled researchers because of its hysteretic behavior, until it was discovered that the ion structure induced by ... More


Introduction to Metal–Insulator Transitions

V. Dobrosavljević

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This Overview provides a general introduction to metal-insulator transitions, with focus on specific mechanisms that can localize the electrons in absence of magnetic or charge ordering, and produce ... More


Complex fluids: the physics of emulsions

M. Cates

in Soft Interfaces: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 98, July 2012

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789352
eISBN:
9780191831201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789352.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

These lectures start with the mean field theory for a symmetric binary fluid mixture, addressing interfacial tension, the stress tensor, and the equations of motion (Model H). We then consider the ... More


Superconductor–Insulator Transitions in Ultra-thin a-Pb Films: Disorder, Magnetic-field, and Magnetic-impurity Tuning

Peng Xiong, Ashwani Kumar, H. Jeffrey Gardner, and Liuqi Yu

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The superconductor-insulator quantum phase transitions tuned by three independent parameters: disorder, paramagnetic impurity and perpendicular magnetic field, have been directly compared in the same ... More


The physics of polymers

Mark Geoghegan and Georges Hadziioannou

in Polymer Electronics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199533824
eISBN:
9780191774997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533824.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Polymers have connectivity between (usually) identical monomer units, and this connectivity gives rise to a rich physics, without even considering electronic properties. This chapter covers the ... More


Soft matter solutions

Masao Doi

in Soft Matter Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199652952
eISBN:
9780191774942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652952.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Soft matter solutions are made of large solute dissolved in small solvent. The contrast in the size of solute and solvent gives special features to soft matter solutions. This chapter discusses these ... More


Fluorous Phases and Compressed Carbon Dioxide as Alternative Solvents for Chemical Synthesis: A Comparison

Walter Leitner

in Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154832
eISBN:
9780197561935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154832.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The principal goal of basic research in chemical synthesis is the development of efficient tools for functional group transformations and for the assembly of building blocks during the construction ... More


Ruthenates and ruthenocuprates

A.V. Narlikar

in Superconductors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199584116
eISBN:
9780191747496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584116.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on ruthenates and ruthenocuprates, both exhibiting unusual superconductivity. In the case of strontium ruthenate, experiments indicate both a node-less gap and the presence of ... More


Turning Waste into Wealth: On Bones, Stocks, and Sauce Reductions

Job Ubbink

in The Kitchen as Laboratory: Reflections on the Science of Food and Cooking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153454
eISBN:
9780231526920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153454.003.0027
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter describes the key physical and chemical steps in the preparation of stock and sauce reductions. The process of stock making and reduction to a demi-glace consists of three steps. The ... More


Preparation and Studies of Polymer/Polymer Composites Prepared Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Edward Kung, Alan J. Lesser, and Thomas J. Mccarthy

in Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154832
eISBN:
9780197561935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154832.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Because of the recent emphasis on green chemistry, there has been interest in using supercritical carbon dioxide (sc CO2) as a solvent or swelling agent to aid in polymer processing and polymer ... More


Some Characterization Techniques Useful for Polysiloxanes

James E. Mark, Dale W. Schaefer, and Gui Lin

in The Polysiloxanes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195181739
eISBN:
9780197562321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195181739.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry

The general approach used in choosing a polymer suitable for a particular application is: . . . Polymerization ↔ Structure ↔ Properties ↔ Application . . . For example, if one wants a polymer for ... More


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