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Coherent X-ray imaging

David M. Paganin

in Coherent X-Ray Optics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter draws on material from all preceding chapters to give an overview of the field of coherent X-ray imaging. It opens with an introduction to the operator theory of imaging, this being the ... More


Coherent X-Ray Optics

David Paganin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book offers a grounding in the field of coherent X-ray optics, which in the closing years of the 20th century experienced something of a renaissance with the availability of third-generation ... More


High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers both practical and theoretical aspects of atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy. The discovery of the carbon nanotube, the three-dimensional imaging of the ribosome, and ... More


NEUTRON PHASE-CONTRAST AND POLARIZED NEUTRON TOMOGRAPHY

Nikolay Kardjilov

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses recent developments in neutron phase-contrast and polarized neutron tomography. Topics covered include theory of phase-contrast imaging, experimental techniques for ... More


Phase contrast, contrast transfer function (CTF) and high‐resolution electron microscopy (HRTEM)

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Phase contrast, the contrast transfer function (CTF), kinematical scattering and the weak-phase object approximation are central concepts for image formation. The physics is described in great detail ... More


X-ray optics

ANDRÉ AUTHIER

in Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter is devoted to the applications of dynamical diffraction to X-ray optics. After a brief description of X-ray sources (tubes and synchrotron radiation), it gives the principle of the ... More


PRELIMINARIES

JOHN C. H. SPENCE

in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter introduces the concept of phase contrast and reviews the laboratory requirements for high-resolution imaging. Introductory experiments with test objects are outlined.


High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668632
eISBN:
9780191749322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668632.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

High-resolution electron microscopy covers both the practice and theory of atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in all its modern forms and applications, with the aim of ‘seeing ... More


Fraunhofer Diffraction

B. D. Guenther

in Modern Optics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198738770
eISBN:
9780191801983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738770.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The Huygens–Fresnel integral is solved with the assumption that all waves in the aperture are plane waves. This assumption leads to Fraunhofer diffraction. Diffraction is a strong function of source ... More


Imaging

B. D. Guenther

in Modern Optics Simplified

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198842859
eISBN:
9780191878770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842859.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Treating an imaging system as a linear system and use llinear system properties to d iscuss both coherent and incoherent imaging. Use a one dimensional pin hole camera to study the theory of ... More


Solid State Physics Applications

Helmut Rauch and Samuel A. Werner

in Neutron Interferometry 2nd Edn: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and Entanglement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712510
eISBN:
9780191780813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712510.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Only a small number of experiments have been done in this field so far, but neutron interferometry may develop in this direction. Inhomogeneities can be investigated by the loss of contrast of the ... More


Preliminaries

John C. H. Spence

in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668632
eISBN:
9780191749322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668632.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 1 describes the principles and simplest theory of phase contrast imaging in microscopy.


Wave optics

John C. H. Spence

in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668632
eISBN:
9780191749322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668632.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 3 reviews the theory of high-resolution phase contrast imaging with coherent radiation. Near-field propagation and diffractogram analysis are reviewed.


Spatial filtering

Charles S. Adams and Ifan G. Hughes

in Optics f2f: From Fourier to Fresnel

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198786788
eISBN:
9780191828980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786788.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter exploits the Fourier relationship between the fields at different positions for modifying images. Firstly, apodization is considered, where a filter is added in the plane of the lens to ... More


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