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Intestinal systems

A. Schmidt-Rhaesa

in The Evolution of Organ Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566687
eISBN:
9780191718007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566687.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Animals obtain nutrients using a two-step procedure: food collection and uptake by endocytosis. In eumetazoans, a particular intestinal tract evolved, making it possible to digest food prior to the ... More


Neuroanatomy of CTA: lesion studies

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni and T Yamamoto

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Food properties are transmitted by taste nerves from the buds in the oral cavity to the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) in the brain stem. Gastrointestinal irritation caused by toxic meal activates ... More


NEMATOIDEA

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0048
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

The Nematoidea is a group of worms with a seemingly unquestioned monophyly. Based on several apomorphies, including the cuticle with layers of crossing collagenous fibrils, the body wall with only ... More


Cancers of the Oral Cavity and Pharynx

SUSAN T. MAYNE, DOUGLAS E. MORSE, and DEBORAH M. WINN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of cancers of the oral cavity, pharynx, lip, and salivary glands. In the United States (1996–2000), invasive cancers of the OCP/lip/salivary gland account for ... More


Thinking Phonetically (Values and Pitfalls of the IPA)

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0017
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter considers the notion of thinking phonetically when singing. Some vocal pedagogies maintain that there is one ideal position of the mouth and pharynx during singing, only minimally ... More


The Open Throat (La gola aperta)

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter discusses the universally accepted position of the open throat (gola aperta) in singing. The potential for varying the shape of the vocal tract (the resonator tube that acts as an ... More


The evolution of air-breathing respiratory faculties in craniotes

Steven F. Perry, Markus Lambertz, and Anke Schmitz

in Respiratory Biology of Animals: evolutionary and functional morphology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199238460
eISBN:
9780191864056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199238460.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Developmental Biology

The origin of lungs from a swim bladder, swim bladder from lungs, or both from a relatively undifferentiated respiratory pharynx remains unresolved. Once present, the lungs can be ventilated by a ... More


Annelida: Myzostomida

Conrad Helm and Christoph Bleidorn

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Myzostomida comprise a taxon of mainly soft-bodied, flattened, oval, and disc-like marine protostomes. They are usually associated with echinoderms. Most myzostomids exhibit five pairs of uniramous ... More


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