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Innovation and IPR in a Catch‐Up‐Falling‐Behind Process: The Argentine Case

Andrés López

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter first points out that, for Argentina, the twentieth century was the period of falling behind. Although catch‐up occurred during 1860–1929, the economy at the time was mainly based on ... More


Accumulation of Technological Capabilities and Economic Development: Did Brazil's IPR Regime Matter?

Roberto Mazzoleni and Luciano Martins Costa Póvoa

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses Brazil. After a long period of decline, growth spurted during 1950–80 and, in 1968–73, the growth rate reached 11.2 percent. As three case studies illustrate, the patent system ... More


The Accumulation of Capabilities in Indian Pharmaceuticals and Software: The Roles that Patents Did (and Did Not) Play

Bhaven N. Sampat

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses India. Following the 1972 patent law amendment that prohibited product patents in pharmaceuticals, new Indian pharmaceutical firms entered and old firms expanded, competing to ... More


Conclusion

Hiroyuki Odagiri, Akira Goto, Atsushi Sunami, and Richard R. Nelson

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter concludes the book by summarizing the country studies to answer three questions. First, what is needed for catch‐up and how can government policies contribute to it? Second, how has the ... More


Soft Innovation Outside the Creative Industries: Food, Pharmaceuticals, and Financial Services

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter is the second taking a micro view and explores the role of soft innovation in three industries outside the creative industries, i.e. food, pharmaceuticals, and finance. Outside the ... More


One Political Economy, One Competitive Strategy?: Comparing Pharmaceutical Firms in Germany, Italy, and the UK

Andrea M. Herrmann

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543434
eISBN:
9780191715693
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543434.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Political Economy

This book examines how firms adapt to the pressures of increasing international competition by testing both the arguments on ‘strategy specialization’ proposed in the competitiveness literature in ... More


Sources of Competitiveness of Large Mexican Groups

Robert Grosse and Douglas Thomas

in Can Latin American Firms Compete?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233755
eISBN:
9780191715549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233755.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter examines the processes of organizational adaptation and competitiveness of firms in an emerging economy. The study is set in the Argentine context of the 1990s when a combination of ... More


Patterns of Strategy Specialization

Andrea M. Herrmann

in One Political Economy, One Competitive Strategy?: Comparing Pharmaceutical Firms in Germany, Italy, and the UK

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543434
eISBN:
9780191715693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543434.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Political Economy

This chapter opens by contrasting two opposing theories on how firms respond to the increasing pressures of international competition: the resource-based view of strategic management on the one hand, ... More


Excursus: Success and Choice of Competitive Strategies

Andrea M. Herrmann

in One Political Economy, One Competitive Strategy?: Comparing Pharmaceutical Firms in Germany, Italy, and the UK

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543434
eISBN:
9780191715693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543434.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Political Economy

This chapter explores corporate success. It addresses the question: Are pharmaceutical firms less successful if they pursue strategies that are not supported by national institutions? Given that ... More


The Weak Hydrogen Bond: In Structural Chemistry and Biology

Gautam Desiraju and Thomas Steiner

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509707
eISBN:
9780191708206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The weak hydrogen bond, also known as non-conventional hydrogen bond, has been the subject of intense scrutiny over recent years in several fields, in particular structural chemistry, structural ... More


Prescription for Change: The Looming Crisis in Drug Development

Michael Kinch

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630625
eISBN:
9781469630649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630625.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The introduction of new medicines has dramatically improved the quantity and quality of individual and public health while contributing trillions of dollars to the global economy. In spite of these ... More


Patterns and Practices in Three Process Industries: Petroleum, Chemical, and Pharmaceuticals

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes how computers came into the petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical process and manufacturing industries. It argues that computers fundamentally changed the nature of work in ... More


Global value chains in the pharmaceutical industry

Jocelyn Probert

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter looks at value chains in the Japanese pharmaceutical industry, which was, until recently, relatively isolated from global consolidation, value chain modularization, and indeed global ... More


The legal market: prescription and diversion of psychopharmaceuticals

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 5 described what is known about the structure, prices, and products of illegal drug markets, and the nature and extent of harms that arise from them. This chapter describes another drug ... More


Pharmaceuticals and the health sector

Prashant Yadav, Richard D. Smith, and Kara Hanson

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0061
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter consolidates existing knowledge around the role, structure, and improvement levers of pharmaceutical systems, and reviews issues facing the pharmaceutical component of health sectors in ... More


Public health ethics and practice

Stephen Peckham and Alison Hann (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421029
eISBN:
9781447303114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421029.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Ethical dilemmas are not new in the area of health care and policy making, but in recent years, their frequency and diversity have grown considerably. All health professionals now have to consider ... More


Chance, Nécessité, et Naïveté: Ingredients to Create a New Organizational Form

Walter W. Powell and Kurt Sandholtz

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter analyzes the early years of the first generation of biotechnology companies. The setting is the 1970s, a time when landmark scientific discoveries in molecular biology triggered all ... More


Sectoral Patterns of Technological Change

Marcela Miozzo and Vivien Walsh

in International Competitiveness and Technological Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199259236
eISBN:
9780191717901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259236.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter explores the similarities and differences amongst sectors in terms of the sources, nature, and impact of innovation. The first section describes the taxonomy of patterns of technological ... More


Comparative Studies and the Politics of Modern Medical Care

Theodore R. Marmor, Richard Freeman, and Kieke G. H. Okma

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300149838
eISBN:
9780300155952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300149838.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book offers a timely account of health reform struggles in developed democracies. The editors, leading experts in the field, have brought together a group of distinguished scholars to explore ... More


Crafting the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003

Kimberly J. Morgan and Andrea Louise Campbell

in The Delegated Welfare State: Medicare, Markets, and the Governance of Social Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199730346
eISBN:
9780199918447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730346.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter five examines the passage of the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003—a major social policy reform that delegates responsibility for a Medicare prescription drug benefit to commercial firms. ... More


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