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Zeno's Epistemology and Plato's Theaetetus

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Stoic Zeno's most famous and most contested doctrine was thekatalepticor ‘cognitive’ impression (phantasia katalēptikē, hereafter KP). Arcesilaus attacked the KP by arguing that for any putative ... More


Preliminaries

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In De Motu Animalium 8, Aristotle presents a picture of animal motivation in which a capacity he calls phantasia is given the role of ‘suitably preparing’ desire. The chapter offers some preliminary ... More


Phantasia, Desire, and Locomotion

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter sets out and defends an interpretation that explains why Aristotle thinks that some suitable phantasia is required for the formation of desires that impel animals to engage in ... More


Desire without phantasia

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The chapter offers decisive reasons for thinking that Aristotle does not take the view that desire-formation always requires some suitable exercise of phantasia, and that he is committed to rejecting ... More


Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Jessica Moss

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle holds that we desire things because they appear good to us – a view still dominant in philosophy now. But what is it for something to appear good? This book argues that Aristotle ... More


Phantasia and the Apparent Good

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops an account of phantasia which differs from mainstream ones in its minimalism: phantasia can do everything Aristotle attributes to it while being simply what he evidently defines ... More


Passions and the Apparent Good

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter and the rest of the book show how the notion of the apparent good, as interpreted in Chapter 3, is at work in Aristotle’s views about human motivation and human virtue. This chapter ... More


Akrasia and the Apparent Good

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on phantasia’s role in appetites, and in particular in Aristotle’s account of akrasia, weakness of will (acting on appetite against rational desire). This chapter uses Chapter ... More


Phantasia and Deliberation

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The remainder of the book argues that evaluative phantasia plays a crucial role even in our distinctively rational, distinctively human motivations, by showing that evaluative thought (thought of ... More


Happiness, Virtue, and the Apparent Good

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter turns to the other species of rational motivation, wish (boulêsis), arguing that this too is based on evaluative phantasia. When Aristotle says that we wish for what appears good to us, ... More


The Teleological Significance Of Dreaming In Aristotle

Mor Segev

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In his discussions of dreaming in the Parva Naturalia, Aristotle neither claims nor denies that dreams serve a natural purpose. Modern scholarship generally interprets dreaming as useless and ... More


On Language, Concepts, and Automata: Rational and Irrational Animals in Aristotle and Descartes

Catherine Osborne

in Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199282067
eISBN:
9780191712944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282067.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter considers whether language or concepts are necessary for intelligent purposive agency, and argues that neither humans nor animals require propositional thought or concepts for normal ... More


A Just and Lively Image

Gregory A. Staley

in Seneca and the Idea of Tragedy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195387438
eISBN:
9780199866809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387438.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The key to Senecan drama lies not in the “word,” as T. S. Eliot once described it, but in the “image,” which, as the definition of tragedy attached to the manuscript of Seneca’s plays described it, ... More


Ingenium, Memory Art, and the Unity of Imaginative Knowing in the Early Descartes

Dennis L. Sepper

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter proposes to take the first few steps toward understanding the problematics of imagination in Descartes. It aims to show that in writings preceding the Regulae, Descartes conceived ... More


Aristotle on the Imagination

Malcolm Schofield

in Essays on Aristotle's De Anima

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236009
eISBN:
9780191598104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823600X.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay explores Aristotle’s treatment of imagination. It argues that Aristotle need not be charged with the radical inconsistency in his treatment of phantasia diagnosed by Hamlyn. Although a ... More


The Cognitive Role of Phantasia in Aristotle

Dorothea Frede

in Essays on Aristotle's De Anima

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236009
eISBN:
9780191598104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823600X.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Phantasia is viewed as a unified concept in Aristotle. When the metaphoric meaning of ‘phantisizing’ is excluded, the causal account for all imagination is the same: all phantasiai are motions in the ... More


The Perceptual System

Stephen Everson

in Aristotle on Perception

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238638
eISBN:
9780191597374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238630.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Everson gives an account of the perceptual system as a whole, and also examines the connection between perception and phantasia, or imagination. Everson argues that Aristotle has two notions of ... More


Perceptual Content

Stephen Everson

in Aristotle on Perception

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238638
eISBN:
9780191597374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238630.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Everson examines Aristotle's use of the term empeiria, particularly as it appears in Metaphysics I.1 and Posterior Analytics II.19. Empeiria is usually translated as ‘experience’, but Everson argues ... More


Aristotle and Scanlon on Desire and Motivation 1

Giles Pearson

in Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546541
eISBN:
9780191728600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546541.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle's account of the role of desires in the motivation of action may usefully be examined by comparing it with recent accounts, in particular Thomas Scanlon's. Aristotle and Scanlon both hold ... More


Phantasia in De Motu Animalium

Malcolm Schofield

in Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546541
eISBN:
9780191728600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546541.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What role does Aristotle give to phantasia in his theory of animal movement, particularly in his main treatment of the topic, De Motu Animalium? Whereas De Anima 3.10-11 is mainly concerned with ... More


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