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Immunology, Self and Nonself

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter investigates the different definitions of immunology, in particular the dominant definition stating that immunology is the discipline that studies the defense of organisms against ... More


Critique of the Self-Nonself Theory

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers a critique of the self-nonself theory. I first analyze data on autoreactivity and normal autoimmunity, in particular phagocytosis and regulatory cells, in order to reject the idea ... More


Predation and protists

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on the role of protozoa (purely heterotrophic protists) and other protists in grazing on other microbes. Heterotrophic nanoflagellates, 3–5 microns long, are the most important ... More


Rapid evolution of innate immune response genes

Brian P. Lazzaro and Andrew G. Clark

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The opportunity for arms-race evolution between host and pathogens is one reason why genes involved in immune functions are often rapidly evolving. Innate immune systems lack the degree of pathogen ... More


Host defences of invertebrates to pathogens and parasites

Christopher J. Coates, Andrew F. Rowley, L. Courtney Smith, and Miranda M.A. Whitten

in Invertebrate Pathology

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780198853756
eISBN:
9780191888182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853756.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Animal Biology

Textbooks on immunology rarely spend more than a few pages describing the principles of invertebrate immunology. Coming away from these often gives the reader the impression that this immune system ... More


Predation and protists

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Protists are involved in many ecological roles in natural environments, including primary production, herbivory and carnivory, and parasitism. Microbial ecologists have been interested in these ... More


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