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Incentives—Good, Bad, and Perverse

Michael J. Saks and Stephan Landsman

in Closing Death's Door: Legal Innovations to End the Epidemic of Healthcare Harm

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190667986
eISBN:
9780197519974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190667986.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

“Incentives—Good, Bad, and Perverse” has the goal of describing various innovative incentive-altering policies that could increase safety. The chapter begins by explaining some basics of economic ... More


Free Banking: The Populist Revolt Takes Root in New York

Howard Bodenhorn

in State Banking in Early America: A New Economic History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195147766
eISBN:
9780199832910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147766.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Modern interpretations of free banking argue that lightly regulated banking systems are either unstable and undesirable, or that free competition in banking generates the same favorable outcomes as ... More


Extensions to the Basic Dynamic Economic Model of the Fishery

Trond Bjørndal and Gordon R. Munro

in The Economics and Management of World Fisheries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199576753
eISBN:
9780191745973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576753.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

This chapter turns to the management of capture fishery resources at the national/regional level. The starting point is the perverse incentives confronting fishermen in open access (common pool) ... More


Homelessness politics

Brian Lund

in Housing Politics in the United Kingdom: Power, Planning and Protest

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447327073
eISBN:
9781447327097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327073.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter focuses on the salience of homelessness constructions reviewing how the various meanings attached to homelessness ― masterless men, vagrancy, destitution’, houseless poor’, rootless’, ... More


Lessening the Obduracy of Networked Urbanity

Taylor Dotson

in Technically Together: Reconstructing Community in a Networked World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036382
eISBN:
9780262340861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036382.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter outlines the constellation of economic, political, and cultural barriers to more communitarian urban spaces. The momentum of suburbia is shown to have as much to do with entrenched ... More


If Europeans want to live, refugees must die

Luca Mavelli

in Neoliberal Citizenship: Sacred Markets, Sacrificial Lives

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780192857583
eISBN:
9780191948343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192857583.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 5 delves into the biopolitics of the refugee crisis by exploring the moral and political economy which makes it necessary to sacrifice—by killing or letting die—the undocumented migrants ... More


The Effect of Incentives: Diffusion of Responsibility

Jason Brennan, William English, John Hasnas, and Peter Jaworski

in Business Ethics for Better Behavior

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190076559
eISBN:
9780197606513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076559.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, HRM / IR

Diffusion of responsibility refers to the problem that when something is everyone’s job, it in effect ends up being nobody’s job. This explains why many collective problems arise. People face ... More


Business Ethics for Better Behavior

Jason Brennan, William English, John Hasnas, and Peter Jaworski

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190076559
eISBN:
9780197606513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076559.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, HRM / IR

Business Ethics for Better Behavior concisely answers the three most pressing ethical questions business professionals face: 1. What makes business practices right or wrong? 2. Why do normal, decent ... More


Why Aren’t We All Saints?

Jason Brennan, William English, John Hasnas, and Peter Jaworski

in Business Ethics for Better Behavior

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190076559
eISBN:
9780197606513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076559.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, HRM / IR

People are complicated. Morality is part of what makes us human. We are not just social animals, but animals evolved to have some innate moral concerns. Why, then, do ordinary people sometimes act ... More


The Effect of Incentives: Managing for Ethics

Jason Brennan, William English, John Hasnas, and Peter Jaworski

in Business Ethics for Better Behavior

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190076559
eISBN:
9780197606513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076559.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, HRM / IR

Every business faces internal conflicts of interest. They must determine how to motivate employees to cooperate in a productive manner, while also limiting the temptation to exploit the business for ... More


Is “no net loss of biodiversity” a good idea?

Martine Maron

in Effective Conservation Science: Data Not Dogma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198808978
eISBN:
9780191846687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808978.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores biodiversity offsetting as a tool used to achieve “no net loss” of biodiversity. Unfortunately, no-net-loss offsetting can be—and often is—unintentionally designed in a way that ... More


What’s Blocking Innovation in Legacy Sectors?

William B. Bonvillian and Charles Weiss

in Technological Innovation in Legacy Sectors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199374519
eISBN:
9780199374540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374519.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Legacy sector paradigms share common features: perverse subsidies, prices, and price structures that neglect externalities; institutions that favor existing technology and discourage new entrants; ... More


Bergthora vs. Hallgerd, Part I. The Theory: Chapters 35–45

William Ian Miller

in ‘Why is your axe bloody?’: A Reading of Njàls Saga

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198704843
eISBN:
9780191789441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704843.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Anglo-Saxon / Old English Literature, European Literature

These chapters of the saga present an idealized model or theory of the blood-feud. The author is as a social theorist acutely reveals the contradictions and paradoxes in the native model of ... More


The FX Race to Zero: Electronification and Market Structural Issues in Foreign Exchange Trading

Dan Marcus and Miles Kellerman

in Global Algorithmic Capital Markets: High Frequency Trading, Dark Pools, and Regulatory Challenges

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198829461
eISBN:
9780191867972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829461.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter traces how technological changes have affected the structure and operation of currency markets, and examines the issues associated with these developments. These changes have caused ... More


Conclusion: How to Run an Unethical Business

Jason Brennan, William English, John Hasnas, and Peter Jaworski

in Business Ethics for Better Behavior

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190076559
eISBN:
9780197606513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076559.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, HRM / IR

One way to illustrate how to manage a business or oneself for ethical performance is to teach the lesson in a negative form. How would one run a business if one wanted to induce others and oneself to ... More


The Dark Side of Humanity, Part III: Where Evil Walks

Larry S. Temkin

in Being Good in a World of Need

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192849977
eISBN:
9780191945120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849977.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 7 argues that the case for aiding the needy (foreign aid) may depend partly on whether the needy are the victims of misfortune or social injustice. It notes that aid efforts may benefit the ... More


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