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The Fabric of Social Life: Mimicry, Fantasy, Fiction, and Morality

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many of our distinctively human social traits are interwoven with simulational propensities. A stroll through simulation-related topics includes the psychological underpinnings of social bonds, our ... More


The Developmental Relations between Perspective Taking and Prosocial Behaviors: A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Task-Specificity Hypothesis

Gustavo Carlo, George P. Knight, Meredith McGinley, Rebecca Goodvin, and Scott C. Roesch

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Given the multidimensional nature of both perspective taking and prosocial behaviors, the authors advance an information processing position that attending to characteristics of tasks used to assess ... More


Spatial Dialogue between Partners with Mismatched Abilities

Michael F. Schober

in Spatial Language and Dialogue

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

Speakers describing locations in dialogue can speak from their own point of view, from their partner's, or from another perspective which avoids the choice. As a new study shows, speakers' mental ... More


Building and Rebuilding Trust: Why Perspective Taking Matters

Michele Williams

in Restoring Trust in Organizations and Leaders: Enduring Challenges and Emerging Answers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199756087
eISBN:
9780199949571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756087.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Corporate Governance and Accountability

In this chapter, I explore how the process of perspective taking not only influences social bonds and trust building but also trust repair processes. Perspective taking involves imagining others’ ... More


Sparks of Benevolence: The Varied Emotional Responses to Suffering in Others

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores in detail the nature of the affective response to suffering in others. Humans exhibit importantly different kinds of response, each of which apparently emerges fairly early in ... More


An Interactionally Situated Analysis of What Prompts Shift in the Motion Verbs Come and Go in a Map Task

Anna Filipi and Roger Wales

in Spatial Language and Dialogue

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter provides a fine-grained analysis of the interactions involving shifts in the motion verbs come and go in a map task. It finds that verb shifting was aligned to shifts in spatial ... More


Understanding Empathy:: Its Features and Effects

Amy Coplan

in Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199539956
eISBN:
9780191730931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539956.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The goal of this chapter is to propose a narrow conceptualization of empathy as a complex imaginative process in which an observer simulates another person's situated psychological states [both ... More


Perspective-Taking and its Foundation in Joint Attention

Henrike Moll and Andy Meltzoff

in Perception, Causation, and Objectivity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199692040
eISBN:
9780191729713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692040.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

We propose a new developmental model that unites two phenomena that have so far been studied in isolation: joint attention in infancy and perspective-taking in young childhood. In this model, ... More


Norms with Feeling: Toward a Psychological Account of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A large tradition of work in moral psychology explores the capacity for moral judgment by focusing on the basic capacity to distinguish moral violations (e.g., hitting another person) from ... More


A Contextual Behavioral Approach to Pathological Altruism

Roger Vilardaga and Steven C. Hayes

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0033
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that maladaptive patterns of behavior, such as pathological altruism, can be explained by the influence of the verbal/cultural context. Once established, those maladaptive ... More


Children's Understanding of Perceptual Appearances

Matthew Nudds

in Perception, Causation, and Objectivity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199692040
eISBN:
9780191729713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692040.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The development of children's understanding of perception has been tested with a number of experimental paradigms which involve asking children about the way things look. The results of these ... More


Antecedents of Empathic Concern

C. Daniel Batson

in Altruism in Humans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341065
eISBN:
9780199894222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341065.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In everyday life, there seem to be two antecedents of empathic concern: (a) perceiving the other as in need and (b) valuing the other’s welfare. This chapter considers each of these antecedents, as ... More


The Expansion and Refinement of the Moral Senses in the Human Species

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0031
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents an account of how the primitive moral sense possessed by early humans and other primates evolved into the complex sense of morality possessed by modern humans. Mental ... More


A Deeper Examination of Social Skill

David Obstfeld

in Getting New Things Done: Networks, Brokerage, and the Assembly of Innovative Action

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780804760508
eISBN:
9781503603097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760508.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

The relational astuteness that underlies brokerage process and knowledge articulation is the major focus of this chapter. One’s ability to encode a communication has to work hand in hand with the ... More


Storytelling and Ethics

Hanna Meretoja

in The Ethics of Storytelling: Narrative Hermeneutics, History, and the Possible

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190649364
eISBN:
9780190649395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190649364.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 3 explores the ethical implications of the hermeneutic approach to narrative. It proposes a framework for analyzing and evaluating narrative practices from an ethical perspective by ... More


Empathy

Robert J. Thompson

in Beyond Reason and Tolerance: The Purpose and Practice of Higher Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199969784
eISBN:
9780199395538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969784.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Our ability to interpret the mental states of others is essential to constructively engage ethnic, religious, and political differences and depends on our capacities for perspective taking and ... More


Empathy versus Personal Distress: Recent Evidence from Social Neuroscience

Jean Decety and Claus Lamm

in The Social Neuroscience of Empathy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012973
eISBN:
9780262255295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012973.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter examines empathy as a construct, with an emphasis on a sense of similarity in feelings experienced by the self and the other. It explains how confusion between self and other can turn ... More


Solving the Logical Problem for Perceptual State Attribution

Robert W. Lurz

in Mindreading Animals: The Debate over What Animals Know about Other Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016056
eISBN:
9780262298339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016056.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the pessimists’ argument that there is no point in solving the logical problem due to the existence of sufficiently strong empirical and theoretical grounds against mindreading ... More


Theory of mind: Insights from patients with acquired brain damage

Dana Samson and Caroline Michel

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The ability to understand other people’s minds is surprisingly vulnerable to brain damage. It can be compromised in various neurological disorders and following damage to various brain areas. ... More


Treating Antisocial Behavior

John C. Gibbs

in Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg, Hoffman, and Haidt

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190878214
eISBN:
9780190878245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878214.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

If multiple limitations contribute to antisocial behavior, then an adequate treatment program must be correspondingly multi-componential. Adequate social perspective-taking—perspective-taking that is ... More


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