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CULTURE, NARRATIVE, AND THE SELF

Dan P. McAdams

in The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live By

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176933
eISBN:
9780199786787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176933.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter places research and theory on the redemptive self into a larger conceptual context that links personality and culture. The redemptive self is a particular kind of life story, and life ... More


The Sequential Study of Personality Traits and Attitudes

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reports findings with respect to the trait of social responsibility and describes the work on personality traits derived from the seventy-five Test of Behavioral Rigidity (TBR) ... More


Personality and the Adaptive Landscape: The Role of Individual Differences in Creating and Solving Social Adaptive Problems

David M. Buss

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the evolutionary importance of personality traits of the self and of other people residing in each person's social landscape, regardless of their evolutionary origins. It ... More


Character and Personality: Connections between Positive Psychology and Personality Psychology

Erik E. Noftle, Sarah A. Schnitker, and Richard W. Robins

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter has three central aims. First, it examines the validity of the claim that mainstream psychology has neglected the study of positive character traits and argues that the field of ... More


Virtues and Vices

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between personality traits and character traits, and between moral virtues, personal virtues, and social virtues. It presents analyses of individual moral virtues, e.g., ... More


Evolutionary Processes Explaining the Genetic Variance in Personality: An Exploration of Scenarios

Steven W. Gangestad

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter has two major aims. First, to describe the primary scenarios under which genetic variation in phenotypic individual differences is maintained, and illustrate how they have been or could ... More


Selection and Evolutionary Explanations for the Maintenance of Personality Differences

Denis Réale and Niels J. Dingemanse

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the potential benefit of using the selectionist approach to study human and animal personality traits. It first briefly introduces the selectionist approach, describes the ... More


Winning is not everything

G. Anandalingam and Henry C. Lucas

in Beware the Winner's Curse: Victories that Can Sink You and Your Company

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177404
eISBN:
9780199789559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177404.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter examines the reasons why winner’s curse is endemic in contemporary business, whether in the US or globally. Many important business decisions have the potential to encounter the winner’s ... More


Influences of Personality on Cognition

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes analyses on the relation between personality and cognition. Included in the analyses are three different subsets from the Seattle Longitudinal Study. Interestingly, it was ... More


Strangers in a Strange Lab: How Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others

William Ickes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372953
eISBN:
9780199893317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Can we predict how well we will get along with others even before we meet them? According to the research findings reported in this book, we can. This book summarizes decades of research on how ... More


 Risk of Hypertensive Heart Disease: The Joint Influence of Genetic and Behavioral Factors

Kathleen C. Light, Susan S. Girdler, and Alan L. Hinderliter

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes an interdisciplinary research program that studied individual and group differences in the risk for hypertension and heart disease. The differences studied include ones ... More


The Database

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents the database for the Seattle Longitudinal Study and details the study participants and the measurement battery. The chapter also discusses, in addition to the cognitive ability ... More


The Conceptual Background

Christian Miller

in Character and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199674367
eISBN:
9780191760754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674367.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The goal of this book is to outline a framework for thinking about what moral character looks like today, and then apply that framework to a number of different topics in both psychology and ... More


Character across Early Emerging Adulthood: Character Traits, Character Strivings, and Moral Self-Attributes

Erik E. Noftle

in Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190204600
eISBN:
9780190204624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204600.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Chapter 22 reports on a longitudinal study of early emerging adults, aged 18 to 21, that investigated three aspects of character: character traits (Big Five facets), character strivings (based on ... More


Personality traits and music in adolescence

Dave Miranda

in Handbook of Music, Adolescents, and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198808992
eISBN:
9780191846694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808992.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

For centuries, and across cultures, people have wondered what kind of relationship there is between music and human nature. A personality psychology perspective may address this fundamental question ... More


Emotional Intelligence: More Than Personality and Cognitive Ability?

Nicholas R. Burns, Veneta A. Bastian, and Ted Nettelbeck

in The Science of Emotional Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195181890
eISBN:
9780199847860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181890.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses key questions about how emotional intelligence (EI) should be conceptualized. Is EI distinct from existing personality and ability constructs? If so, what are the main ... More


The genetics and evolution of covitality

Alexander Weiss and Michelle Luciano

in Genetics of Psychological Well-Being: The role of heritability and genetics in positive psychology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686674
eISBN:
9780191766787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686674.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Studies of subjective well-being have tempered the tendency to ascribe happiness or subjective well-being to environmental factors and events. Subjective well-being is stable and related to ... More


Personality Traits of Successful Free Innovators

Eric von Hippel

in Free Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035217
eISBN:
9780262335461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035217.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter identifies personality traits significantly associated with successful free innovation in the household sector. It draws upon a 2016 study conducted among a sample of 546 German ... More


The Glimpsed World: Unintended Communication and Unintended Perception

Y. Susan Choi, Heather M. Gray, and Nalini Ambady

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Evidence suggests that people are often surprisingly accurate when making judgments of others based on mere glimpses. In particular, nonverbal channels of communication—including facial displays, ... More


Reasons for Emotions: Modeling Emotions in Integrated Cognitive Systems

Eva Hudlicka

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Research in psychology and neuroscience shows that complex interactions exist between cognitive and affective processes. Although it is clear that emotions influence cognitive processes, the ... More


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