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Behavioral Genetics: The Science of Antisocial Behavior

Laura A. Baker, Serena Bezdjian, and Adrian Raine

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the methodologies and results of behavioral genetics studies, focusing on traits such as antisocial behavior, aggression, and behaviors associated with criminal conduct. It ... More


Mood, Personality, and Personality Disorder

Lee Anna Clark

in Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133585
eISBN:
9780199847310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133585.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter explores the role of affect or mood in personality and personality disorders which has been theorized since ancient times. Theories across history agree that biological factors underlie ... More


Aggressivity, Narcissism, and Self-Destructiveness in the Psychotherapeutic Rela: New Developments in the Psychopathology and Psychotherapy of Severe Personality Disorders

Otto F. Kernberg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101805
eISBN:
9780300128383
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101805.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This book presents thoughts on the latest psychodynamic developments and insights related to treatment of severe personality disorders. Dividing discussions into two sections—one on psychopathology ... More


From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Mike W. Martin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality and mental health are now inseparably linked in our view of character. Alcoholics are sick, yet they are punished for drunk driving. Drug addicts are criminals, but their punishment can be ... More


A Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Disorders

Otto F. Kernberg

in Aggressivity, Narcissism, and Self-Destructiveness in the Psychotherapeutic Rela: New Developments in the Psychopathology and Psychotherapy of Severe Personality Disorders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101805
eISBN:
9780300128383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101805.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter develops a psychoanalytic theory of the etiology, structure, and mutual relations of the personality disorders. The discussions cover categorical versus dimensional models; temperament, ... More


Diverse Diagnoses And Special Populations

Harriet P. Lefley

in Family Psychoeducation for Serious Mental Illness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340495
eISBN:
9780199863792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340495.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Children and Families

This chapter presents FPE models and research findings for various conditions, beginning with mental illness and substance abuse. Mueser and Fox's Family Intervention for Dual Disorders (FIDD) ... More


Pathological Altruism and Personality Disorder

Thomas A. Widiger and Jennifer Ruth Presnall

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0068
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to understand pathological altruism from the perspective of personality theory and research. Altruism is one of the facets of a well-validated dimension of general ... More


Is Narcissistic Personality Disorder Real?

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the diagnosis of personality disorder in general and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) in particular. After reviewing the history of the construct of NPD, the reasons why ... More


Dangerous People: Beginnings of a New Labour Proposal

Andrew Rutherford

in The Politics of Crime Control: Essays in Honour of David Downes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199565955
eISBN:
9780191701948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565955.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter addresses one aspect of New Labour's tendency to think and act ‘outside the box’, by trying to examine the early stages of policy-making with reference to persons who were to become ... More


The Heterogeneous Construct of Psychopathy

Henning Sass

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the history of the concept of psychopathy and its continuities with more recent perspectives. “Psychopathy,” as understood today, has many predecessors in different countries, ... More


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Vladan Starcevic, MD, PhD

in Anxiety Disorders in Adults: A Clinical Guide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195369250
eISBN:
9780197562642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195369250.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) develops in predisposed individuals who have had a traumatic experience. There are many different ways in which PTSD presents itself, and only some of ... More


Borderline, schizotypal, avoidant, obsessive–compulsive, and other personality disorders

Andrew E. Skodol

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Personality disorders (PDs) have traditionally been conceptualized as enduring and stable, despite many early follow-up studies that showed that 〈50% of patients with PDs retained these diagnoses ... More


Personality and its disorders

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0039
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Personality is a difficult concept to define: it is ex­tremely hard to encapsulate what makes a person ‘who they are’ in general terms. Personality is typically thought of as the set of ... More


Mental disorder

Kathryn Farrow, Gill Kelly, and Bernadette Wilkinson

in Offenders in focus: Risk, responsivity and diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347879
eISBN:
9781447302865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347879.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

For criminal justice practitioners, there is limited practical guidance and training to help them recognise the indicators of mental disorder initially and then to understand the causative links ... More


Pathological Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Theoretical Background and Diagnostic Classification

Otto F. Kernberg

in Aggressivity, Narcissism, and Self-Destructiveness in the Psychotherapeutic Rela: New Developments in the Psychopathology and Psychotherapy of Severe Personality Disorders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101805
eISBN:
9780300128383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101805.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Pathological narcissism constitutes a dimension within the field of personality disorders that includes, in order of progressive severity, narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), malignant ... More


A Technical Approach to Eating Disorders in Patients with Borderline Personality Organization

Otto F. Kernberg

in Aggressivity, Narcissism, and Self-Destructiveness in the Psychotherapeutic Rela: New Developments in the Psychopathology and Psychotherapy of Severe Personality Disorders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101805
eISBN:
9780300128383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101805.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses eating disorders in patients suffering from significant character pathology. It covers the diagnosis and treatment of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa; and dominant ... More


Bad to the Bone: Hate as a Trait

Berit Brogaard

in Hatred: Understanding Our Most Dangerous Emotion

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190084448
eISBN:
9780190084479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190084448.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Hate and contempt are emotions. But hate- and contempt-proneness are personality traits, traits that are particularly common in borderlines, narcissists, and psychopaths, but also in far-right ... More


The Family Romance: A Fin‐de‐Siècle Tragedy

Diana Tietjens Meyers

in Gender in the Mirror: Cultural Imagery and Women's Agency

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140415
eISBN:
9780199871476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140419.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is necessary to find an interpretation of recovered memory of childhood sexual abuse that moves beyond the frequently futile “Did it happen, or didn’t it?” construal. Focusing on the rhetoric of ... More


Addiction in Context: Philosophical Lessons from a Personality Disorder Clinic

Hanna Pickard and Steve Pearce

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Popular and neurobiological accounts of addiction tend to treat it as a form of compulsion. This contrasts with personality disorder, where most problematic behaviours are treated as voluntary. But ... More


The Diagnosis of Narcissistic Pathology in Adolescents

Otto F. Kernberg

in Aggressivity, Narcissism, and Self-Destructiveness in the Psychotherapeutic Rela: New Developments in the Psychopathology and Psychotherapy of Severe Personality Disorders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101805
eISBN:
9780300128383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101805.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses the diagnosis of narcissistic pathology in adolescents. It covers the diagnosis of identity diffusion and reality testing; the antisocial personality disorder in adolescence; ... More


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