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From Personal to Political Responsibility

Iris Marion Young

in Responsibility for Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195392388
eISBN:
9780199866625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392388.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The first purpose of this chapter is to evaluate the notion of personal responsibility in the context of welfare policy. It focuses on the writings of Charles Murray and Lawrence Mead, which ... More


The Fear of Determinism

Steven Pinker

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter confronts several fears that determinism engenders, such as the fear that deep down we are not in control of our own choices, and the fear that determinism makes it impossible to hold ... More


From Equality to the Right to Welfare

Amir Paz-Fuchs

in Welfare to Work: Conditional Rights in Social Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237418
eISBN:
9780191717192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237418.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter addresses the philosophical and legal tension between two concepts: reciprocity and equality. Reciprocity governs the approach behind welfare-to-work programmes, from the political ... More


Blame Frames

Abigail C Saguy

in What's Wrong with Fat?: The War on Obesity and its Collateral Damage

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199857081
eISBN:
9780199315925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857081.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter examines the main ways in which blame and responsibility for a perceived obesity epidemic are typically framed, including as resulting from bad individual choices, sociocultural factors, ... More


Social Welfare and Care

Joseph Chan

in Confucian Perfectionism: A Political Philosophy for Modern Times

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158617
eISBN:
9781400848690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158617.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter looks at how Mencius envisions a multilevel social system of provision in which the family, the village or commune, as well as the government all have specific roles to play. Social ... More


Introduction: Psychology and Free Will

John Baer, James C Kaufman, and Roy F Baumeister

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book and summarizes each of the chapters. The book looks both at recent experimental and theoretical work directly related to free will and at ... More


Conventional Wisdom and Its Discontents

Lisa D. Brush

in Poverty, Battered Women, and Work in U.S. Public Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195398502
eISBN:
9780199897483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398502.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter provides the intellectual scaffolding for the book. The chapter reviews the explanatory frameworks that together constitute the conventional wisdom about poverty, battering, and the ... More


Facts, fictions and the future of neuroethics

Michael S. Gazzaniga

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter argues that cognitive neuroscience has three main issues with respect to the current field of neuroethics. First, cognitive neuroscience can help with some current ethical dilemmas such ... More


Personal Freedom, Personal Responsibility, and their Democratic Reconciliation

THOMAS M. FRANCK

in The Empowered Self: Law and Society in the Age of Individualism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248094
eISBN:
9780191707766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248094.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, Human Rights and Immigration

This study has focused on the emerging right of individuals autonomously to design their personal identities by deliberately and freely selecting from among a range of options. It has sought to ... More


Rethinking Equality: The Challenge of Equal Citizenship

Chris Armstrong

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069246
eISBN:
9781781701287
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069246.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book provides a critical account of contemporary egalitarian theories. It challenges their focus on issues of choice and personal responsibility, and questions their ability to address the major ... More


Contemporary Welfare-to-Work Programmes

Amir Paz-Fuchs

in Welfare to Work: Conditional Rights in Social Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237418
eISBN:
9780191717192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237418.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter introduces contemporary welfare-to-work programmes in the United States and Britain. It focuses on the way contemporary welfare-to-work programmes are characterized by the conditioning ... More


The Talents

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter argues that the parable of the Talents is aimed at all people rather than at this or that particular group, as has often been argued in the literature. It points out that as in a number ... More


Chester Barnard's Science of Responsible Experience

in Creating New Knowledge in Management: Appropriating the Field's Lost Foundations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770750
eISBN:
9780804778374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770750.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter offers an interpretation of Chester Barnard, who co-founded management science along with Mary Parker Follett. Barnard began with a structure dubbed “formal organization,” which he ... More


Turning Our Backs on the New Deal: The End of Welfare in 1996

Jeffrey Lehman and Sheldon Danziger

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0029
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), characterized as a regressive step that compromises the basic right of a safety net ... More


Contemporary social evils

Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424099
eISBN:
9781447301981
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424099.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Which underlying problems pose the greatest threat to British society in the twenty-first century? A hundred years after its philanthropist founder identified poverty, alcohol, drugs and gambling ... More


Self-Defense and Personal Responsibility

Angela Stroud

in Good Guys with Guns: The Appeal and Consequences of Concealed Carry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781469627892
eISBN:
9781469627915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627892.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter examines how ideas about crime and criminals are shaped by neoliberal cultural discourses of personal responsibility that not only justify why people need to be armed but also ... More


Owning and using things Introduction

Peter King

in Housing policy transformed: The right to buy and the desire to own

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422132
eISBN:
9781447302513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422132.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter looks at the conceptual support for the RTB, and considers the nature of conservatism and how this links to property ownership. This shows how the RTB fits into an established set of ... More


Equality, risk and responsibility: Dworkin on the insurance market

Chris Armstrong

in Rethinking Equality: The Challenge of Equal Citizenship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069246
eISBN:
9781781701287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069246.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Ronald Dworkin's egalitarian theory and the resonances between liberal equality and the neoliberal conception of active citizenship. It looks at Dworkin's account of equality ... More


Polarization and the Politics of Personal Responsibility

Mark D. Brewer and Jeffrey M. Stonecash

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190239817
eISBN:
9780190239848
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239817.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

America is divided by two clashing views about how much individuals can be held responsible for their situation. Liberals see many individuals as not completely responsible for the situation they are ... More


Integrating Research and Responsibility: Collaborating with an Executive with max périé

in Creating New Knowledge in Management: Appropriating the Field's Lost Foundations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770750
eISBN:
9780804778374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770750.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter, a collaboration with Max Périé, a senior executive for an international company, explores executive work by looking at the views of Mary Parker Follett and Chester Barnard. The ... More


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