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Moral Ideals

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes moral ideals from utilitarian ideals, religious ideals, and personal ideals. It examines the concept of the summum bonum, and its relationship to happiness and the virtues. ... More


Responsibilities

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The consensus paradigm reduces professional responsibilities to the shared mandatory requirements developed as a consensus within a profession and imposed on all its members equally. Any additional ... More


Meaningful Work

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses questions about human nature and motivation that underlie most of the topics in subsequent chapters. Is self-regard the only human motive, or are we genuinely capable of being ... More


Professional Distance

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Professionals are criticized for being too detached and also for being insufficiently distanced. On the one hand, physicians are denounced when their clinical detachment leads them to become ... More


Whistleblowing

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

As professionals, engineers live by codes of ethics that ascribe to them a paramount obligation to protect the safety, health, and welfare of the public, an obligation that frequently implies ... More


Self-Betrayal

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Self-betrayal might be a single self-destructive act, perhaps a white-collar crime, that is easily describable in a case-study vignette of the sort familiar in professional ethics. More often, it is ... More


Integrity and Integration

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to the consensus paradigm, burnout and family life are either irrelevant to understanding professional integrity or pose threats to it. The consensus paradigm limits professional ethics, in ... More


Voluntary Service

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Voluntary service beyond minimum requirements is an important aspect of professionalism, yet it has received little attention in the study of professional ethics. The dominance of the consensus ... More


Advocacy in Education

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The advocacy issue raises perennial concerns about good teaching and professional ethics in higher education. It also provides an interesting area in which to explore how the personal ideals of ... More


Respect for Authority

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to a traditional image, “true professionals” are independent agents who, unlike businesspersons, serve clients without having to submit to the authority of managers. With the advent of ... More


Moral Saints

Susan Wolf

in The Variety of Values: Essays on Morality, Meaning, and Love

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195332803
eISBN:
9780190219123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332803.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter asks us to consider what a morally perfect person—a moral saint—would be like. It offers models of moral sainthood drawn from commonsense morality, from Kantian moral theory, and from ... More


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