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Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Garry Hagberg

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

The voluminous writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein contain some of the most profound reflections of our time on the nature of the human subject and self-understanding — the human condition, ... More


Social Reality Is Not Always What It Appears To Be: The Scientific Roots of Research on Interpersonal Expectancies

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews some of the earliest research relating social perception to social reality. This includes some of the earliest (and classic) studies of stereotypes, the “New Look” in perception ... More


Accuracy: Historical, Political, and Conceptual Objections

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0037
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews many of the reasons why accuracy is a controversial topic in social psychology. The historical interest in accuracy is briefly reviewed, as are some older reviews from the 1950s ... More


Stereotypes and Person Perception: Can Judging Individuals on the Basis of Stereotypes Increase Accuracy?

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0074
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the role of stereotypes in enhancing or reducing the accuracy of person perception. It points out that relying on an inaccurate stereotype will usually reduce accuracy of person ... More


Understanding Threats to Leader Trustworthiness: Why It’s Better to Be Called “Incompetent” than “Immoral”

Kimberly D. Elsbach and Steven C. Currall

in Restoring Trust in Organizations and Leaders: Enduring Challenges and Emerging Answers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199756087
eISBN:
9780199949571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756087.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Corporate Governance and Accountability

In this chapter, we use research on both spontaneous trait inferences (i.e., perceptions of individual characteristics based on the mere observation of behavior) and motivated ... More


Gunnar Johansson, Events, and Biological Motion

James E. Cutting

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1973, Gunnar Johansson launched the systematic study of the perception of the human body in motion. Merging his applied interests in traffic safety and his theoretical interests in vector analysis ... More


Person (Mis)Perception? On the Biased Representation of the Human Body

Kerri L. Johnson

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A considerable amount of research has shown that observers are attuned to cues in the human body—including its shape and motion—that permit them to successfully categorize others into groups (e.g., ... More


The Social Signal Value of Emotions: The Role of Contextual Factors in Social Inferences Drawn From Emotion Displays

Ursula Hess and Shlomo Hareli

in The Science of Facial Expression

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190613501
eISBN:
9780190613525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190613501.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the impact of context information on the perception of emotions. Different types of context are discussed and the limits of the influence of context information for the ... More


The Causal Structure of Person Types and Stereotypes

Constantine Sedikides

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0046
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Constantine Sedikides reflects on his most underappreciated work: a joint research with Craig Anderson on implicit personality theory that explored the causal structure of person types and ... More


Understanding the Importance and Perceived Structure of Moral Character

Geoffrey P. Goodwin, Jared Piazza, and Paul Rozin

in Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190204600
eISBN:
9780190204624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204600.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Chapter 4 considers the importance of moral character in the impressions and evaluations we form of other people in our daily lives, reporting on recent research showing that moral character is ... More


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