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Engines of Change: Machines Drive American Industry

Susan Branson

in Scientific Americans: Invention, Technology, and National Identity

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781501760914
eISBN:
9781501760921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501760914.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explains why machines captured the public's attention in so profound a way by surveying the early nineteenth-century venues in which Americans encountered mechanical technologies. ... More


Theaters of Visuality

Wendy Bellion

in Citizen Spectator: Art, Illusion, and Visual Perception in Early National America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807833889
eISBN:
9781469600437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807833889.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter describes Charles Redheffer's unveiling of his invention—a perpetual motion machine. Such a discovery promised a technological marvel. The prospect of a self-renewing energy source was ... More


The Necessity of Classical Mechanics

Olivier Darrigol

in Physics and Necessity: Rationalist Pursuits from the Cartesian Past to the Quantum Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198712886
eISBN:
9780191781360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712886.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter combines some assumptions of the rationalist founders of mechanics (the impossibility of perpetual motion, the causal relation between force and motion, the relativity principle, and ... More


The G-minor Presto

Joel Lester

in Bach's Works for Solo Violin: Style, Structure, Performance

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195120974
eISBN:
9780199865406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195120974.003.05
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The continuous sixteenth notes of the Presto may seem akin to later composers' perpetual-motion movements. But whereas later instances (such as Paganini's) have a swift and supple surface overlying a ... More


From Mechanical Reduction To General Principles

Olivier Darrigol

in Physics and Necessity: Rationalist Pursuits from the Cartesian Past to the Quantum Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198712886
eISBN:
9780191781360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712886.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter is devoted to a few general principles that have received mechanical or dynamical justifications: the principle of energy conservation, the principle of least action, and the two laws of ... More


The Quest for Perpetually Acting Machines

Jennifer Coopersmith

in Energy, the Subtle Concept: The discovery of Feynman's blocks from Leibniz to Einstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716747
eISBN:
9780191800955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716747.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

Perpetual motion—a perpetually acting machine— had been attempted for so many years, and in so many ways, but was never successful (the French Royal Academy of Sciences said ‘Non’, no more ... More


Energy and its Ultimate Fate

E. C. Pielou

in The Energy of Nature

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226668062
eISBN:
9780226668055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226668055.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

This chapter begins with a brief description of friction and drag. Friction and drag have one property in common — both are nonconservative forces; that is, they cannot be stored as potential energy ... More


The lever

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Analysis of the lever led to the creation of potential energy.


Modeling Without a Specific Target

Michael Weisberg

in Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933662
eISBN:
9780199333004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Target-directed modeling, the practice of constructing a single model to study a specific target, is not representative of the entire practice of modeling. Indeed, theoretical research typically ... More


Default Status: Making Sense of the World

Garrett Hardin

in Living within Limits: Ecology, Economics, and Population Taboos

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195078114
eISBN:
9780197560716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078114.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

"There are three kinds of lies," said Benjamin Disraeli, Queen Victoria's favorite prime minister: "lies, damned lies and statistics." Scientists are inclined to argue with this, holding that ... More


Making Room for Human Will

Garrett Hardin

in Living within Limits: Ecology, Economics, and Population Taboos

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195078114
eISBN:
9780197560716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078114.003.0024
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

Anything to be done about human populations necessarily depends on the will to do it. But what does the word will mean? Much has been written about it, but most of the rhetoric is nonsense. Rather ... More


James Joule

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Joule’s journey to his energy conservation law began with his unsuccessful evaluation of the electric motor as a means to achieve perpetual motion. A series of subsequent experiments eventually led ... More


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