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Conduct Elements

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter focuses upon the actus reus of genocide, outlining both the conduct elements of the offence and the complexities of identifying the contours of protected groups. It first discusses the ... More


Forms of Criminal Responsibility

Elies van Sliedregt

in Individual Criminal Responsibility in International Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199560363
eISBN:
9780191738623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560363.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses forms of criminal responsibility from a comparative and international perspective. They include direct and indirect perpetration, co-perpetration, instigation — including ... More


Crime‐Specific and Leadership Modalities

Elies van Sliedregt

in Individual Criminal Responsibility in International Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199560363
eISBN:
9780191738623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560363.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses crime-specific modes of liability and theories of liability that are referred to as ‘leadership modalities’. The former regard complicity in genocide and inchoate crimes of ... More


Indictments

Jeffrey Locke

in International Prosecutors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199554294
eISBN:
9780191751691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554294.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter is organized as follows. Section 2 examines several of the more complex issues facing prosecutors in the indictment process from Nuremberg to the present. Section 3 discusses the legal ... More


Modes of Participation

Kevin Jon Heller

in The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter begins the discussion of the tribunals' jurisprudence concerning the modes of participation in a war crime or a crime against humanity by focusing on Article II(2)(a), (b), and (c) of ... More


Sexual violence on US college campuses: history and challenges

Renate Klein

in Gender Based Violence in University Communities: Policy, Prevention and Educational Initiatives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447336570
eISBN:
9781447336624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336570.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter discusses the history of sexual violence in US universities to see where things have changed and where they have not. It first explains the relevant terms, such as ‘higher education ... More


Why does LGBTQ IPV Happen?

Adam M. Messinger

in LGBTQ Intimate Partner Violence: Lessons for Policy, Practice, and Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520286054
eISBN:
9780520961357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286054.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines theories of LGBTQ IPV perpetration and the degree to which they are supported by evidence. These theories are divided into several categories: perpetration theories that are ... More


Restorative Approaches to Working with Hate Crime Offenders

Mark Austin Walters

in Responding to hate crime: The case for connecting policy and research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447308768
eISBN:
9781447311669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308768.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter brings the theory of restorative justice together with its practice in cases involving hate crime. The data presented here illustrates the different ways that restorative practices have ... More


Reading Nazi Memory in Jonathan Littell’s The Kindly Ones

Debarati Sanyal

in Memory and Complicity: Migrations of Holocaust Remembrance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823265473
eISBN:
9780823266722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265473.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The chapter gives a reading of Jonathan Littell’s The Kindly Ones (2006), a historical novel that revisits the archive of Holocaust testimony through the memory of a fictional perpetrator. It frames ... More


Understanding the Complexities of Sexual Assault and Its Traumatic Effects

Jennifer Beste

in College Hookup Culture and Christian Ethics: The Lives and Longings of Emerging Adults

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190268503
eISBN:
9780190268534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190268503.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the particular injustice of sexual violence because it emerged as a dominant theme in students’ reflections on party and hookup culture. If we hope to create a just sexual ... More


Perpetration as a Process: A Historical-Sociological Model

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in Perpetrators of International Crimes: Theories, Methods, and Evidence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829997
eISBN:
9780191868375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829997.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter shifts its perspective from the study of perpetrators to perpetration. Whereas the former term refers to the agency of the individuals who have perpetrated forms of mass violence against ... More


Moore in Jeopardy, Again

Gideon Yaffe

in Legal, Moral, and Metaphysical Truths: The Philosophy of Michael S. Moore

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198703242
eISBN:
9780191773068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703242.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Michael Moore takes the point of double jeopardy to be proportionality of punishment: second jeopardies are either a waste or lead to punishments in excess of desert. Since it is disproportional to ... More


Organizational Criminality

Jens David Ohlin

in Pluralism in International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198703198
eISBN:
9780191772498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703198.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses two approaches to organizational liability that have divided the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Court ... More


The Paradox of Perpetration: A View from the Cambodian Genocide

Alexander Laban Hinton

in Human Rights at the Crossroads

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199376414
eISBN:
9780190259853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199376414.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter takes up the enduring problem of human nature and mass atrocity through the lens of the Cambodian genocide. It considers the category of perpetrator; some of the assumptions underlying ... More


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