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Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


Principled Proposals for Reform

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Briefly restates the central argument of the book and then summarizes the main proposals for reforming the international legal system that the preceding chapters have developed on its basis. It sets ... More


Introduction: Contextual Political Theory, Comparative Perspectives, and Justice as Evenhandedness

Joseph H. Carens

in Culture, Citizenship, and Community: A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297680
eISBN:
9780191598937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297688.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Describes the methodological approach of the book and provides a summary overview of the other chapters. The methodological section explains what contextual political theory means and why it is ... More


Keeping It Halal: The Everyday Lives of Muslim American Teenage Boys

John O'Brien

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691197111
eISBN:
9781400888696
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691197111.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book provides a uniquely personal look at the social worlds of a group of young male friends as they navigate the complexities of growing up Muslim in America. The book offers a compelling ... More


Exploring Transitivity: Part I

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter continues the exploration of transitivity by assessing the nature of two other normative relations, the permissibility relation “is permissible to do rather than,” and the obligatoriness ... More


Exploring Transitivity: Part II

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter continues the exploration of transitivity. Chapter 6 showed that one important normative relation, “the not worse than” relation, may be nontransitive. It also developed and explored a ... More


Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Michael S. Moore

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book is about the role causation plays in the attribution of both moral responsibility and legal liability (in the law of crimes, torts, and to a lesser extent, contracts). The book strips away ... More


Excuses

Jeff McMahan

in Killing in War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins by offering two mutually compatible diagnoses of why the orthodox view has been perennially appealing. One is that the orthodox view makes sense as a matter of law and people tend ... More


Harming People in Peter Unger’s Living High and Letting Die

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Peter Unger has tried to show that relying on intuitive judgments is a worthless methodology for finding principles, and he has also offered a novel approach to the Trolley Problem. Unger, however, ... More


Scorekeeping in a Language Game

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Sparked by the work of Robert Stalnaker, this paper integrates some of Lewis's views in formal semantics and formal pragmatics. Drawing an analogy with the practice of scorekeeping in baseball, Lewis ... More


The Need for Theodicy

Richard Swinburne

in Providence and the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237983
eISBN:
9780191598548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237987.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In order for God to allow a bad state E to occur, (1) he must have the right to allow it (or an equally bad state) to occur, (2) to allow it must be the only morally permissible way in which he can ... More


Reasoning about Permissible Sentences

Tim Maudlin

in Truth and Paradox: Solving the Riddles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247295
eISBN:
9780191601781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247293.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A second inferential system that preserves permissibility rather than truth is developed. All classical theorems are shown to be necessarily permissible to assert. The two inferential systems are ... More


The Permissibility Paradox

Tim Maudlin

in Truth and Paradox: Solving the Riddles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247295
eISBN:
9780191601781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247293.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The notion of a sentence that is permissible to assert spawns a new ‘paradox’: a sentence that says of itself that it is not permissible to assert. This appears to be a form of the revenge problem ... More


Kantianism. A-priori and empirical elements of images

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter examines some unmistakably Kantian features of Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics and argues that Hertz initially took over a widespread Kantian distinction between an a-priori ... More


Images of nature

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

According to Heinrich Hertz, the aim of theoretical physics is to construct and evaluate images that can be used to predict future events. Yet Hertz seems to take it for granted that these images are ... More


Images of mechanics

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Having considered Heinrich Hertz's general ideas about images, this chapter discusses his evaluation of the three images of mechanics. First, the principles of mechanics according to Hertz are ... More


The Trolley Problem

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part I considered how to determine whether there is a moral difference between killing and letting die per se, but in the two chapters of Part II, the consideration is when it is and when it is not ... More


Harming Some to Save Others

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Continues the consideration of when it is and is not permissible to kill some to save others, by presenting a new proposal (related to an earlier one made by the author) for a Principle of ... More


Intention, Permissibility, and Double Effect 1

William J. FitzPatrick

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to typical formulations of the doctrine of double effect (DDE), it is sometimes permissible to bring about as a foreseen but unintended side-effect some harm it would have been ... More


Wrongdoing and Motivation

Victor Tadros

in The Ends of Harm: The Moral Foundations of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199554423
eISBN:
9780191731341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554423.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

The traditional, but now unfashionable, interpretation of the means principle is that it is worse to harm a person intentionally than it is to harm them as a side-effect of one's actions. This ... More


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