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Water balance physiology

Steven L. Chown and Sue W. Nicolson

in Insect Physiological Ecology: Mechanisms and Patterns

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515494
eISBN:
9780191705649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515494.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter reviews the mechanisms involved in water gain and loss, and osmoregulation of individual insects, as well as the expansion of this aspect of insect physiology to new levels. Cuticular ... More


Fractured Porous Media

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book aims to estimate the macroscopic properties of fractures, fracture networks and fractured porous media from easily measurable quantities. Attention is focused on geological media where ... More


THERMODYNAMICS OF PLASMAS WITH DEVELOPED IONIZATION

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The description of the thermodynamics of the strongly ionized plasma starts by discussing the most popular and well-studied model of the one-component plasma (OCP), which represents a system of point ... More


LINEAR CONSTITUTIVE RELATIONS FROM MULTIPOLE THEORY

R. E. Raab and O. L. de Lange

in Multipole Theory in Electromagnetism: Classical, quantum, and symmetry aspects, with applications

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567271
eISBN:
9780191717970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567271.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Linear constitutive relations for the response fields D and H in terms of the macroscopic fields E and B of a harmonic plane wave are derived in multipole form up to electric octopole-magnetic ... More


Transport through liquid membranes

Kyösti Kontturi, Lasse Murtomäki, and José A. Manzanares

in Ionic Transport Processes: in Electrochemistry and Membrane Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533817
eISBN:
9780191714825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533817.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes transport in liquid membranes and aims at introducing the concepts of carrier-mediated transport and coupled transport. The topics of facilitated, competitive, co-transport, ... More


Subthreshold Membrane Phenomena

Jaakko Malmivuo

in Bioelectromagnetism: Principles and Applications of Bioelectric and Biomagnetic Fields

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195058239
eISBN:
9780199847839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058239.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes the physiological basis of the resting voltage and the subthreshold response of an axon to electric stimuli from a quantitative perspective. The membrane plays an important ... More


The Properties of Space

Ian Hinckfuss

in The Existence of Space and Time

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245193
eISBN:
9780191680854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245193.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines many different properties of space. It specifically presents the electrical, optical, and electromagnetic properties of space; the kinematic and dynamic properties of space; the ... More


The Link between Vocational Training and Higher Education in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany

Rita Nikolai and Christian Ebner

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

In recent years, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland have adopted different strategies to increase permeability between dual vocational training and higher education. Germany relies on the ... More


Osmosis Osmosis

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explains the process of osmosis in detail in both a descriptive and a quantitative context. Gradients in the activity of water provide a framework for describing all aspects of water ... More


Continuity, Language Contact, and Dialectal Leveling in Spanish in New York

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York: Language Contact, Dialectal Leveling, and Structural Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737406
eISBN:
9780199918621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The chapter offers background demographic details on New York's Latino population and an initial illustration of the variable use of Spanish subject personal pronouns. The difference between ... More


Properties of regenerated nociceptor afferents

Lisney S.J.W.

in Neurobiology of Nociceptors

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523345
eISBN:
9780191724527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523345.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

nociceptive afferents are involved in much more than simply transmitting information about noxious events occurring in the periphery to the central nervous system (CNS). Neuropeptides released from ... More


Divine Enjoyment: A Theology of Passion and Exuberance

Elaine Padilla

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823263561
eISBN:
9780823266296
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263561.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book makes the case for a God of enjoyment who passionately suffers and yearns because of love, and permeably intermingles with the cosmos, loving intensely, and becoming like a divine ... More


Transport in a singal fracture

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

in Fractured Porous Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter determines the transport properties of a single fracture. Permeability is calculated by solving the Stokes equation numerically in random fractures generated, as indicated in Chapter 2. ... More


Transport in fracture Networks

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

in Fractured Porous Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is devoted to the permeability of fracture networks. The general equations and boundary conditions which apply to networks are given. The flow inside each fracture is described by a two ... More


Transport in a fractured porous medium

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

in Fractured Porous Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter extends Chapter 5 to fractured porous media and its structure is basically the same, namely a general section with the governing Darcy equations, the meshing of the solid porous matrix ... More


Two-phase flow through fractured porous media

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

in Fractured Porous Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 7 provides some preliminary results on two phase flows in fractured porous media. The classical equations on the Darcy scale are presented as well as the van Genuchten constitutive relations ... More


How Do You Live in Hell?

Patrick Forterre

in Microbes from Hell

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226265827
eISBN:
9780226265964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226265964.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

A more technical chapter in which the author describes the molecular adaptations allowing hyperthermophiles thriving in hell. The chapter starts with reminder of the role of water and carbon in the ... More


Birth, life, and death

Isabelle Cantat

in Foams: Structure and Dynamics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199662890
eISBN:
9780191763038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662890.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

We first introduce qualitatively the different mechanisms by which a foam forms, ages, rearranges, and then collapses, which collectively determine foam stability and lifetime. We explain why it is ... More


Rulemaking in Global Governance Organizations

in World Rule: Accountability, Legitimacy, and the Design of Global Governance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226450988
eISBN:
9780226450964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450964.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter first establishes the key differences among rulemaking processes. Four dimensions of global rulemaking regimes are described and considered in the analysis—formality, decision calculus, ... More


Corporate Strategists: Surviving the ‘Fall’

Richard Whittington

in Opening Strategy: Professional Strategists and Practice Change, 1960 to Today

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198738893
eISBN:
9780191802072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198738893.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter examines corporate strategists—in-house strategy staffs—as a major part of the Strategy profession. It examines their growth since the beginning of the twentieth century, and especially ... More


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