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Origin and geomorphology of lakes in the polar regions

Reinhard Pienitz, Peter T. Doran, and Scott F. Lamoureux

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

A characteristic and often dominant feature of many polar landscapes is the great diversity and abundance of their standing waters especially in the Arctic. By comparison, Antarctica has ... More


Ice in nature

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter surveys the many forms in which ice occur in nature. Lake and river ice have characteristic polycrystalline structures and these are different from sea ice. In the atmosphere water ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Strategic: Defense and Development in Permafrost Territory

Andrew Stuhl

in Unfreezing the Arctic: Science, Colonialism, and the Transformation of Inuit Lands

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226416649
eISBN:
9780226416786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226416786.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter demonstrates how knowledge about the Arctic's subsurface environment became strategic to continental security and the North American petroleum economy between the onset of World War II ... More


Methane Cycling and Climate

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The chapter describes the mechanisms by which methane is produced in anaerobic environments. Various methane sources and sinks, both natural (e.g. wetlands) and anthropogenic (e.g. landfills, ... More


Some early landmark studies

Pierre Taberlet, Aurélie Bonin, Lucie Zinger, and Eric Coissac

in Environmental DNA: For Biodiversity Research and Monitoring

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198767220
eISBN:
9780191821387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767220.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 11 entitled “Some early landmark studies” revisits several seminal articles that paved the way for the field of eDNA research. It first evokes the paper that first coined the expression ... More


Paleoenvironments

Pierre Taberlet, Aurélie Bonin, Lucie Zinger, and Eric Coissac

in Environmental DNA: For Biodiversity Research and Monitoring

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198767220
eISBN:
9780191821387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767220.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

One of the most fascinating facets of eDNA lies in the possibility of exploiting it to reconstruct past environments in paleoecology and in archaeology. Chapter 15, entitled “Paleoenvironments,” ... More


Pleistocene Climatic Change and Environments of Mid to High Latitudes

David E. Anderson, Andrew S. Goudie, and Adrian G. Parker

in Global Environments through the Quaternary: Exploring Evironmental Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199697267
eISBN:
9780191810169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199697267.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the reconstruction of the Pleistocene. It describes the result of frequent climate changes, including the spread and decline of ice caps and glaciers; of permanently frozen ... More


Hydrological systems, hydromorphology, and peatland patterns

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602995
eISBN:
9780191810138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602995.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines how hydrological systems and hydromorphology affect the surface patterns of peatlands. It begins with an overview of different types of hydrological systems, namely: saline and ... More


Peatlands and climate change

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602995
eISBN:
9780191810138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602995.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines some of the current concerns about the possible effects of climate change on peatlands. It first considers carbon pools in peatlands before turning to greenhouse gases and ... More


Introduction: The Nature of the Place

Charles Officer and Jake Page

in A Fabulous Kingdom: The Exploration of the Arctic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199837809
eISBN:
9780190267872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837809.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the geographical features of the Arctic, particularly its landscape, its inhabitants, and its seasons. Most of the Arctic lands are underlain by permanent ice (called ... More


Ecology of Streams of the Toolik Region

William B. Bowden, Bruce J. Peterson, Linda A. Deegan, Alex D. Huryn, Jonathan P. Benstead, Heidi Golden, Michael Kendrick, Stephanie M. Parker, Elissa Schuett, Joseph J. Vallino, and John E. Hobbie

in Alaska's Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199860401
eISBN:
9780190267889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199860401.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the basic ecology of streams in the Toolik Region. It provides information gathered from monitoring year-to-year variability and to identify long-term changes in the ecology of ... More


Ecological Consequences of Present and Future Changes in Arctic Alaska

John E. Hobbie and George W. Kling

in Alaska's Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199860401
eISBN:
9780190267889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199860401.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter outlines evidence of direct and indirect changes in the ecology of Arctic Alaska caused by changes in the climate, and predicts ecological changes that could occur by the year 2100. It ... More


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