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Cross Talk between the Autonomic and Central Nervous Systems: Mechanistic and Therapeutic Considerations for Neuronal, Immune, Vascular, and Somatic-Based Diseases

Fuad Lechin and Bertha van der Dijs

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes anatomical, physiological, pathophysiological, pharmacological, immunological, and some therapeutic information dealing with most types of diseases. Evidence is presented to ... More


Morphology of normal peripheral axons

CLAES-HENRIC BERTHOLD and MARTIN RYDMARK

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses peripheral axons. Topics covered include classification and general organization of peripheral axons, components of a peripheral nervous system (PNS) axon, unmyelinated PNS ... More


Mechanisms of peripheral neuropathic pain

Martin Koltzenburg

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Most lesions of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) or central nervous system (CNS) do not produce chronic pain. Conditions in which damage of the nervous system does cause pain are a paradox as ... More


The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System

István Aranyosi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989607
eISBN:
9780199346349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989607.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers of mind, both in the conceptual analysis tradition and in the empirical informed school, have been implicitly neglecting the potential conceptual role of the Peripheral Nervous System ... More


Anoxic/ischemic injury in axons

PETER K. STYS, BRUCE R. RANSOM, JOEL A. BLACK, and STEPHEN G. WAXMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Nerve fibers in both the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system must maintain adequate membrane polarization and transmembrane ion gradients to sustain action potential propagation and ... More


Axonal Regeneration in the Central Nervous System of Mammals

Isabel Klusman and Martin E. Schwab

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0037
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses axonal regeneration in the adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS). In contrast to the situation in the peripheral nervous system (PNS), where injured axons often ... More


Mollusca: Gastropoda

Elena E. Voronezhskaya and Roger P. Croll

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Gastropods comprise the second largest metazoan taxon, with about 60,000 to 80,000 living species occupying ecological niches covering the globe. Anatomy, behaviour, and development vary ... More


Oligodendrocyte and Schwann Cell Injury

Jennifer K. Ness and Mark P. Goldberg

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0034
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells are responsible for synthesis and maintenance of myelin in the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS), respectively, and therefore are ... More


Failure of CNS regeneration

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Axons in the mammalian peripheral nervous system (PNS) regenerate well. Axons in the adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS), however, do not spontaneously regenerate, with the result that any ... More


Motor, sensory, and autonomic function: With Charlotte Behan and Roger Barker

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter concentrates on the anatomical substrate underlying elements of the motor, sensory, and autonomie systems, both within the central and peripheral nervous systems, and explains how this ... More


The Masterpiece

Jean-Didier Vincent and Laurence Garey

in The Custom-Made Brain: Cerebral Plasticity, Regeneration, and Enhancement

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164504
eISBN:
9780231534215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164504.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the two divisions of the nervous system. Specifically, it examines the different features of the brain. The nervous system is composed of sections: the peripheral and the ... More


Peripheral nerve regeneration

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Mammals have retained the ability to regenerate axons in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and, if properly treated, can regain much of the function that is lost after peripheral nerve damage. Not ... More


Actions of neuromodulators Actions of neuromodulators

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

The vast number of substances identified as potential neuromodulators means that any assessment of their actions will be complex. What role do the neurons containing these substances play in the ... More


Concluding Remarks

István Aranyosi

in The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989607
eISBN:
9780199346349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989607.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter offers a brief overview of the main conclusions reached in the previous chapters.


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