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“The Circle of Chalk”: Narrative Voice in Primo Levi's: The Periodic Table

Frederick J. Ruf

in Entangled Voices: Genre and the Religious Construction of the Self

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102635
eISBN:
9780199853458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102635.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

In an essay, the psychologist Jerome Bruner explores the ways in which narrative constructs reality. For Bruner, it is narrative that is most useful in “constructing and representing the rich and ... More


The Many Questions Raised by the Dual Concept of “Element”

Eric R. Scerri

in What Is A Chemical Element?: A Collection of Essays by Chemists, Philosophers, Historians, and Educators

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190933784
eISBN:
9780197508442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933784.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The article begins by asking whether contemporary chemists accept the dual meaning of the term “element” that has been discussed at various stages in the development of chemistry. It proceeds to ... More


A Well-Ordered Thing

Michael D. Gordin

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691172385
eISBN:
9780691184425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172385.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Dmitrii Mendeleev (1834–1907) is a name we recognize, but perhaps only as the creator of the periodic table of elements. Generally, little else has been known about him. This book is an authoritative ... More


An Introductory Description of Metallic Liquids

Takamichi Iida and Roderick I.L. Guthrie

in The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids: Volume 1 — Fundamentals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198729839
eISBN:
9780191796654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729839.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses several basic concepts necessary to advance from the fundamental knowledge of the structure and thermophysical properties of metallic liquids to their applications. It begins ... More


Matrices

Stephen K. Reed

in Cognitive Skills You Need for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529003
eISBN:
9780197529034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529003.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A matrix organizes categories along two dimensions, such as actions and objects, to combine both dimensions. The periodic table of elements is an example that greatly advanced the science of ... More


Surfing the Quantum World

Frank S. Levin

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808275
eISBN:
9780191846014
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808275.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Surfing the Quantum World bridges the gap between in-depth textbooks and typical popular science books on quantum ideas and phenomena. Among its significant features is the description of a host of ... More


The Birth of the Bohr Model

Anthony Duncan and Michel Janssen

in Constructing Quantum Mechanics: Volume 1: The Scaffold: 1900-1923

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845478
eISBN:
9780191880681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845478.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

We follow Niels Bohr from his 1911 dissertation on the electron theory of metals to his 1913 trilogy on the constitution of atoms and molecules. The dissertation shows that Bohr was thoroughly ... More


What Is A Chemical Element?: A Collection of Essays by Chemists, Philosophers, Historians, and Educators

Eric Scerri and Elena Ghibaudi (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190933784
eISBN:
9780197508442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933784.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The term “element” is typically used in two distinct senses. First it is taken to mean isolated simple substances such as the green gas chlorine or the yellow solid sulphur. In some languages, ... More


Automata and Machines

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses another important class of systems in which ACs have been implemented. Historically, these were one of the first implementations of ACs. After a brief introduction to the ... More


The hydrogen atom and the periodic table

L. Solymar, D. Walsh, and R. R. A. Syms

in Electrical Properties of Materials

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198829942
eISBN:
9780191868504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829942.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Investigates the energy levels in a configuration when a heavy positive particle (proton) and a light negative particle (electron) are present. The wave functions and permissible energy levels are ... More


Heisenberg’s Derivation of the Pauli Exclusion Principle: The Stability of Matter and the Periodic Table

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Despite the success of Schrödinger’s description of the H-atom, it became apparent that the spectrum of the simplest multi-electron atom—helium—could not be so readily explained. And the spectra of ... More


Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The emission and absorption of light by atoms produces discrete sets of spectral lines that were a vital clue to unravelling the structure of atoms and their elucidation was an important step towards ... More


The Salt Makers

Peter Wothers

in Antimony, Gold, and Jupiter's Wolf: How the elements were named

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199652723
eISBN:
9780191918230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652723.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

This chapter looks at the elements from the penultimate group of the periodic table—the halogens (‘salt-formers’). We shall see that the first of these elements was discovered by Scheele during his ... More


Chemical Formulas and Nomenclature

Christopher O. Oriakhi

in Chemistry in Quantitative Language: Fundamentals of General Chemistry Calculations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195367997
eISBN:
9780197562635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195367997.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

An element is a pure substance that cannot be split up into simpler substances. There are 106 known different elements. Of these, only 92 occur naturally in the earth’s crust and atmosphere. ... More


The Reality of Atoms

Frank S. Levin

in Surfing the Quantum World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808275
eISBN:
9780191846014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808275.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 3 focuses on the concept of atoms, which dates back to the ancient Greek philosopher Leucippus, who claimed that everything consisted of them. This view began to be accepted among scientists ... More


Quality of Ideas and Solutions

Steven Kim

in Essence of Creativity: A Guide to Tackling Difficult Problems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195060171
eISBN:
9780197560136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195060171.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

We pass judgment on the value of scientific results. For example, we may feel that the periodic table of elements is of greater significance than the understanding that hydrogen is lighter than ... More


Argon and the Rest

David Fisher

in Much Ado about (Practically) Nothing: A History of the Noble Gases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195393965
eISBN:
9780197562796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195393965.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

The discovery of Argon is a great example of how little bitty precise measurements of stuff everyone knows sometimes lead to tremendous leaps of basic knowledge, because we don’t always know what ... More


Quantum behaviour

Adrian P Sutton

in Concepts of Materials Science

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192846839
eISBN:
9780191938764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192846839.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The identity and size of atoms is explicable only in quantum physics. The double slit experiment illustrates the wave-particle duality of light and of matter. To describe quantum interference the ... More


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