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The Power of Planning: Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving

Peter M. Gollwitzer, Caterina Gawrilow, and Gabriele Oettingen

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

As highlighted by Kurt Lewin, goal attainment is not yet secured solely by forming strong commitments to highly desirable and feasible goals. There is always the subsequent issue of implementing a ... More


Population Trends in Verbal Intelligence in the United States

Duane F. Alwin and Julianna Pacheco

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines trends in adults' performance on a 10-item vocabulary battery administered within the General Social Survey (GSS). Measured ability remained relatively steady over time. This ... More


The Ellis Island Tests

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the series of performance tests developed by Howard Andrew Knox and his colleagues and administered to mentally deficient emigrants at Ellis Island in New York. Knox and ... More


The Lacunae of Loss? Aging and the Differentiation of Cognitive Abilities

Patrick Rabbitt and Mike Anderson

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the effect of aging on cognitive abilities and asks whether all cognitive abilities show evidence of decline or whether some abilities are relatively spared. Declines in ... More


An Appraisal

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This concluding chapter considers why Howard Andrew Knox’s work at Ellis Island in New York has been neglected and seeks to reinstate him as a key figure in the history of intelligence testing. From ... More


What do Performance Tests Measure?

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers what performance tests actually measure in light of current psychological research. It was Howard Andrew Knox who first used the term “performance test” in his own writings in ... More


Pigs: The Bodenständig Scientific Community in Nazi Germany

Tiago Saraiva

in Fascist Pigs: Technoscientific Organisms and the History of Fascism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035033
eISBN:
9780262335706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035033.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

Chapter four explores the development by academic animal breeders of performance tests enabling the transformation of pigs into organisms embodying fascism. Standards developed at the University of ... More


Popularizing the Work at Ellis Island

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the performance tests developed by Howard Andrew Knox and his colleagues and administered to mentally deficient emigrants at Ellis Island in New York, and how they brought ... More


At Ellis Island

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on Howard Andrew Knox’s first year at Ellis Island in New York and how the physicians there dealt with the increasing concern about mentally deficient emigrants. By 1910, there ... More


Practical Issues in Intelligence Testing

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the various practical issues in intelligence testing that Howard Andrew Knox and his colleagues encountered while they were administering performance tests to mentally deficient ... More


Is Gaining Access to Selective Elementary Schools Gaining Ground?: Evidence from Randomized Lotteries

Julie Berry Cullen and Brian A. Jacob

in The Problems of Disadvantaged Youth: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226309453
eISBN:
9780226309477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309477.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The importance of school quality is an open question. This chapter provides new evidence on whether expanded access to sought-after schools can improve achievement. The strong cross-sectional ... More


Dolores—The Dancer

Janet Grossbach Mayer

in As Bad as They Say?: Three Decades of Teaching in the Bronx

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823234165
eISBN:
9780823240814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234165.003.0010
Subject:
History, Social History

Dolores was a good student but an unenthusiastic one. Most of the students, but not all, are “unenthusiastic” about reading. One of the teacher's goals was to get students to like reading — for the ... More


Assessing interindividual differences in emotion knowledge: Exploring a GRID-based approach1

Steven J. E. Van den Eede and Johnny J. R. Fontaine

in Components of Emotional Meaning: A sourcebook

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199592746
eISBN:
9780191762765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In this chapter, it is discussed how the results of the GRID instrument can be used to contribute to the construction of valid assessment instruments for emotional intelligence, and particularly the ... More


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