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The Gorbachev Factor

Archie Brown

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This is an analysis of how fundamental change came about in the Soviet Union and of the part played by political leadership. In its most general aspect, it is a contribution to the literature on ... More


Challenge and Crisis, 1985–1991

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

There were high levels of turnover in the Central Committee during the Gorbachev years, reflecting the new leader's conviction that the renewal of party and government officials was essential to the ... More


The Power of Ideas and the Power of Appointment

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

A back‐handed tribute to the power of ideas had been paid by the Soviet leadership prior to Gorbachev's coming to power through the lengths to which they went not only to promote official ... More


The Making of a Social Class: The Post‐Soviet Bourgeoisie

Graeme Gill

in Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy: Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544684
eISBN:
9780191719912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

This chapter looks at the origins of the post-Soviet bourgeoisie. It analyses the way it emerged during perestroika, and especially the role of the party state and its resources in both the shaping ... More


Russia's Stillborn Democracy?: From Gorbachev to Yeltsin

Graeme Gill and Roger D. Markwick

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240418
eISBN:
9780191599347
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240418.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The period since Gorbachev came to power has been a tumultuous time for Russia. It has seen the expectations raised by Gorbachev's efforts to bring about change in the Soviet Union dashed, the ... More


The Attempt at Liberalization

Graeme Gill and Roger D. Markwick

in Russia's Stillborn Democracy?: From Gorbachev to Yeltsin

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240418
eISBN:
9780191599347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240418.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

On achieving power, Gorbachev initially sought to introduce a range of political and economic measures that would remedy the system's problems without fundamentally changing its structure. However, ... More


The Fall of the Wall: 9 November 1989

Patrick Major

in Behind the Berlin Wall: East Germany and the Frontiers of Power

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199243280
eISBN:
9780191714061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243280.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Synthesizes work on the collapse of the GDR in the fateful year of 1989, comparing economic dissatisfaction with the reform impulse given by perestroika coming from the Soviet Union. The opening of ... More


The Gumilev Mystique: Biopolitics, Eurasianism, and the Construction of Community in Modern Russia

Mark Bassin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801445941
eISBN:
9781501703393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801445941.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the legacy of Lev Nikolaevich Gumilev (1912–1992) has attracted extraordinary interest in Russia and beyond. The son of two of modern Russia's greatest poets, ... More


Club Red: Vacation Travel and the Soviet Dream

Diane P. Koenker

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451539
eISBN:
9780801467738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451539.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The Bolsheviks took power in Russia in 1917 armed with an ideology centered on the power of the worker. From the beginning, however, Soviet leaders also realized the need for rest and leisure within ... More


Sincerity After Communism: A Cultural History

Ellen Rutten

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300213980
eISBN:
9780300224832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300213980.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This book presents the compelling study of “new sincerity” as a powerful cultural practice, born in perestroika-era Russia, and how it interconnects with global social and media flows. The global ... More


Soviet New Thinking and the Withdrawal from Afghanistan

Beth A. Fischer

in The Myth of Triumphalism: Rethinking President Reagan's Cold War Legacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813178172
eISBN:
9780813178189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178172.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Triumphalists make no effort to understand why the Soviets disarmed, reformed, and collapsed. They simply assume the Reagan administration caused these policy changes. Chapters 4 and 5 correct this ... More


Moscow Calls Off the Arms Race

Beth A. Fischer

in The Myth of Triumphalism: Rethinking President Reagan's Cold War Legacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813178172
eISBN:
9780813178189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178172.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Told from the Kremlin’s perspective, this chapter debunks the myth that Reagan’s military buildup—and SDI in particular—compelled the Soviets to agree to arms reductions and then to collapse. In ... More


Buryatia, in Black & White and Color

Peter Thomson

in Sacred Sea: A Journey to Lake Baikal

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195170511
eISBN:
9780197562208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195170511.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The trail along the eastern shore of the Holy Nose south of our campsite is maybe a foot wide, just a narrow track of compacted leaves and dirt, a path ... More


Epilogue: The Origins of Central Television’s Perestroika

Christine E. Evans

in Between Truth and Time: A History of Soviet Central Television

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300208481
eISBN:
9780300208962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300208481.003.0009
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This epilogue discusses the influence of Central Television's experimental television shows of the 1970s—including game shows, musical contests, talk shows, and foreign news programs—on the iconic, ... More


Traveling and Staying Home

Peter Thomson

in Sacred Sea: A Journey to Lake Baikal

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195170511
eISBN:
9780197562208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195170511.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

“I have not tested this—it is secret recipe!” Sergei Filippov says, as he tends to a pot of what look like meatballs simmering on his small stove, and his ... More


Islam in Central Asia and the Caucasus Since the Fall of the Soviet Union

Bayram Balci

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190917272
eISBN:
9780190943035
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917272.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

With the end of the Soviet Union in 1991, a major turning point in all former Soviet Republics, Central Asian and Caucasian countries began to reflect on their history and identities. As a ... More


Late Soviet Conservatism

Paul Robinson

in Russian Conservatism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501747342
eISBN:
9781501747366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747342.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter examines conservatism toward the fall of the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gorbachev's efforts to reform the Soviet system politically and economically through the policies of glasnost ... More


Restoring Comrade Roslavets

Richard Taruskin

in On Russian Music

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520249790
eISBN:
9780520942806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249790.003.0027
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter discusses the restoration of the Russian composer Nikolai Andreyevich Roslavets. Roslavets and his musical innovations were consigned to oblivion within a decade. By 1931 he had, for ... More


Glasnost’ And Perestroika, 1985–1992

Laurence Senelick and Sergei Ostrovsky

in The Soviet Theater: A Documentary History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300194760
eISBN:
9780300211351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300194760.003.0012
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter describes events in the history of Soviet theater and arts from 1985 to 1992. Mikhail Gorbachëv's appointment as general secretary in 1985 presented a younger, more hopeful face of ... More


Epilogue

Alan Barenberg

in Gulag Town, Company Town: Forced Labor and Its Legacy in Vorkuta

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300179446
eISBN:
9780300206821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179446.003.0008
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The epilogue examines how the new equilibrium established during late socialism was severely disrupted by perestroika and the Soviet collapse, when Vorkuta became one of the centers of a strike ... More


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